ENGLISH: Grade 10 – Macbeth (ACT 3)

“I fear Thou play’dst most foully for it.” – Sc. 1 – Banquo to himself- Banquo suspects that Macbeth has cheated to win the title of King- Banquo is suspicious of the actions Macbeth may have taken – Dramatic Irony (Banquo is right but he doesn’t know it, the audience does)
“My dutiesAre with a most indissoluble tieForever knit.” – Sc. 1 – Banquo to Macbeth- Banquo is loyal / faithful to Macbeth – He says that whatever Macbeth commands him, it is always his duty to do it
– “Fail not our feast.”- “My lord, I will not.” – Sc. 1- Macbeth to Banquo- Banquo to Macbeth- Macbeth is planning a feast for his highly ranked friends, which Banquo is invited to
“Filling their hearers With strange invention.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to Banquo- Macbeth is slandering the sons of King Duncan, accusing them for not telling the “truth” – Macbeth is trying to pin the blame on Malcolm & Donalbain – Macbeth states that they haven’t confessed to cruelly murdering their own father, & they’ve been making up strange lies to tell their hosts
“To be thus is nothingBut to be safely thus. Our fears in BanquoStick deep, and in his royalty of natureReigns that which would be feared.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to himself- Macbeth fears Banquo’s loyalty to King Duncan- Macbeth says how he is nothing if he’s not safe as the king- Macbeth is very afraid of Banquo because he is a threat to his reign- There’s something noble about Banquo that makes Macbeth fear him, he’s willingness to take risks, & his mind that never stops working- Banquo has the wisdom to act bravely but also safely, something Macbeth fears greatly
“There is none but he Whose being I do fear;” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to himself- Macbeth is only scared of Banquo, no one else
“Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown,And put a barren sceptre in my gripe.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to himself- Macbeth states how the Witches gave him a crown and a scepter that he can’t pass on- He feels threatened by the Witches prophecy stating that Banquo’s son will become King, meaning his sons will not- Macbeth fears that someone outside his family will take these things away from him, since no sons of his will take his place as king
“For Banquo’s issue have I filed my mind;For them the gracious Duncan have I murdered.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to himself- Macbeth states how he has tortured his own conscience & murdered the gracious Duncan for Banquo’s sons. – Macbeth has ruined his own peace for their benefit & that angers him
“So, come fate into the listAnd champion me to the utterance.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to himself- Macbeth will challenge fate to battle & fight to the death- Macbeth is becoming enraged, dramatic & rash
“Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to the first murderer (to the murderers) – Macbeth states that they are men, but they must prove what kind of men they are- Macbeth is very persuasive & manipulating
“Though I could With barefaced power sweep him from my sight.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to the murderers- Macbeth says how he could simply use his powers to get rid of Banquo (but he can’t because they have mutual friends that he needs on his side) – Macbeth is flaunting his power & trying to convince the murders that they want to help him since he is so powerful
“For ‘t must be done tonightAnd something from the palace.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to the murderers- Macbeth warns the murderers that they must kill Banquo tonight & away from the palace- Macbeth wants to be as far away & uninvolved as possible from the murder
“Banquo, thy soul’s flight,If it find Heaven, must find it out tonight.” – Sc. 1 – Macbeth to himself- Macbeth warns Banquo’s spirit that is hes soul is going to make it to heaven, tonight’s the night- Macbeth finalizes the murder of Banquo- Reveals Macbeth’s truest colors & how much of an evil traitor & horrible person he has become
“Nought’s had, all’s spent,Where our desire is got without content;Tis safer to be that which we destroyThan by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.” – Sc. 2- Lady Macbeth to herself- Lady Macbeth states if you get what you want and you’re still not happy, you’ve spent everything and gained nothing; It’s better to be the person who gets murdered than to be the killer and be tormented with anxiety- Lady Macbeth is upset & is unsatisfied with the result of the King’s murder- The King’s murder has brought her anxiety & nervousness
“Things without all remedy Should be without regard – what’s done is done.” – Sc. 2- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth – Lady Macbeth advises Macbeth that if he can’t fix it, he shouldn’t give it a second thought & what’s done is done- Lady Macbeth tries to calm Macbeth down & ease his conscience
“We have scorched the snake, not killed it.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth says that they have slashed the snake but not killed it- This means that they have only accomplished part of the deed & have not finished their job yet- Macbeth is more dedicated than ever before
“But let the frame of things disjoint -Both the worlds suffer -Ere we will eat our meal in fear and sleepIn the affliction of these terrible dreamsThat shake us nightly.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth says that the universe can fall apart & heaven & earth can crumble, before he’ll eat his meals in fear & spend his nights tossing & turning with these nightmares hes been having- Macbeth would rather be dead than endure this endless mental torture and harrowing sleep deprivation- Macbeth is determined & won’t stop until hes satisfied
“Duncan’s in his grave;After life’s fitful fever he sleeps well,Treason has done his worst; nor steel, nor poison,Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothingCan touch him further.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth says to Lady Macbeth that Duncan lies in his grave, through with life’s troubles, & he’s sleeping well- He says they have already done the worst they can do to Duncan with their treason, nothing can hurt him further- There is no going back now, they have to keep moving forward with their plan- They have already killed Duncan & they can’t stop now
“Gentle my lord, sleek o’er your rugged looks,Be bright and jovial among your guests tonight.” – Sc. 2- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth – Lady Macbeth says come on, relax, dear & put on a happy face & look cheerful / agreeable for your guests tonight- Lady Macbeth is trying to calm Macbeth & have him think about being presentable & a good host to their guests to make it seem like nothings wrong
“Make your faces vizards to our heartsDisguising what they are.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth is telling Lady Macbeth to hide what they have done & their true intentions- He advises Lady Macbeth to talk to Banquo & look at him in a way that will make him feel important & flatter him & hide their true feelings- Theme (deception)
“O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth’s mind is full of scorpions (metaphor for his paranoid head) – Macbeth has so much going on in his head that he is having trouble thinking & is going crazy
“Ere the bath hath flownHis cloistered flight … there shall be doneA deed of dreadful note.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth is conniving & is beginning to take his own initiatives & plans – He tells Lady Macbeth that he is planning something horrible
“Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuckTil thou applaud the deed – come seeling night…Cancel and tear to pieces that great bondWhich makes me pale.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth- Macbeth won’t tell Lady Macbeth his plans, hes keeping it very secretive – Macbeth tells Lady Macbeth that it’s better she doesn’t know about it until after it’s done- He tell night to use it’s blood & invisible hand to tear up Banquo’s lease on life, which keeps him in fear
“Things bad begun make themselves strong by ill.” – Sc. 2- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth states that bad deeds force you to commit more bad deeds- Starting bad deeds turn into a cycle, as demonstrated by Macbeth’s actions- There is no way for them to go back because they must continue to commit bad deeds ever since the murder of King Duncan
“You know your own degrees; sit down:At first and last the hearty welcome.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to guests – Macbeth is very welcoming & portraying a good host- He is able to portray a fake persona & deceive people easily
“We’ll drink a measureThe table round.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to guests- Macbeth is a good host to his guests
“Tis better thee without than he within.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to a murderer – Macbeth states that it’s better that Banquo is without blood than with it- Macbeth is violent, ruthless & evil to even his closest of friends- These deeds & the Witches’ prophecy is causing Macbeth to become more deeply committed & a more horrible villain over the course of the play
“Thou art the best o’ th’ cut-throats…… thou art the non-pareil.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to a murderer – Macbeth is praising the murderer for is job at cutting Banquo’s throat – He tells the murderer that his is the best of cut-throats & if he cut both Banquo & Fleance, then he is the ultimate best – Macbeth has become a very low & evil person
“Then comes my fit again;I had else been perfect – Whole as the marble, founded as the rock.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to himself – Macbeth hears the news of Fleance escaping & is scared all over again- Macbeth states that he is scared again & otherwise he would have been perfect, as solid as a piece of marble & as firm as a rock- Macbeth feels threatened by Fleance & nervous for his own future
“Now I am cabined, cribbed, confined, bound inTo saucy doubts and fears.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to himself- Macbeth is back into a tangle of doubts & fears
“In a ditch he bides,With twenty trenched gashes on his head;The least a death to nature.” – Sc. 4- Murderer to Macbeth – Murderer states that Banquo is lying dead in a ditch, with twenty deep gashes in his head; any one of which would have been enough to kill him- Violence (A motif/symbol/theme)
“There the grown serpent lies; the worm that’s fledHath nature that in time will venom breed.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Murderer – Macbeth states that the adult snake (Banquo) lies in the ditch while the young snake (Fleance) that escaped will in time become poisonous & threatening, but for now he has no fangs- Metaphor for comparing Banquo & Fleance to snakes – Ironic because Macbeth is the real snake
“You do not give the cheer; the feast is sold.” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth – Lady Macbeth states that If Macbeth doesn’t make their guests know they’re welcome, they’ll feel like they’re paying for their meal- She is reminding him that they have to be good hosts & keep everything light & out of suspicion
“Here had we our country’s honour roofed,Were the graced person of our Banquo present.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to guests- Macbeth states that they would have all the nobility of Scotland gathered under one roof, if only Banquo were here- Dramatic Irony because the audience knows why Banquo isn’t here (Macbeth has him murdered)
“The table’s full.” … “Which of you have done this?” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Ross + Lennox (guests) – Macbeth sees the ghost of Banquo sitting in his seat- No one else can see the ghost of Banquo, only Macbeth- Macbeth thinks his seat is taken by the ghost, but everyone else is confused because there is an empty seat- Theme of supernatural- Motif/Symbol of hallucinations & apparitions- It appears that the guilty conscience of Macbeth has made him paranoid & crazy; making him see the ghost of Banquo
“Thou can’st not say I did it – never shakeThy gory locks at me.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Banquo’s ghost- Macbeth claims Banquo’s ghost can not prove he killed him- Macbeth states to Banquo’s ghost that he can’t say that he did it & for him not to shake his bloody head at me- By the way Macbeth describes Banquo’s ghost shaking his head, it seems that the ghost is disappointed in Macbeth’s actions & trying to get through to Macbeth that what he’s doing is wrong
“Sit worthy friends, my lord is often thus…The fit is momentary; upon a thoughtHe will again be well.” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to guests- Lady Macbeth is trying to cover up Macbeth’s outbreak at his own hallucination- Lady Macbeth is smart & thinks quickly- Lady Macbeth claims that Macbeth has been like this since he was a child & that this is just a brief fit, in a moment he’ll be well again
“Are you a man?” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth- Accusing Macbeth for being weak, a coward, & strange; not like a man, because he is making a scene
“Ay, and a bold one, that dare look on thatWhich might appal the devil.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth retorts Lady Macbeth’s comment of him not being a man by saying that he is a brave one, who dares to look at something that would frighten the devil, Banquo’s ghost – Macbeth is scared out of his mind!
“O proper stuffThis is the very painting of your fear:This is the air-drawn dagger which, you said,Led you to Duncan…When all’s doneYou look but on a stool – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth- Lady Macbeth says that his hallucination is nonsense & just another one of the hallucinations he always gets when he’s afraid, like the floating dagger leading him toward Duncan- Lady Macbeth says how these outbursts of his don’t even look like real fear- Macbeth is becoming crazy, seeing these hallucinations & being paranoid by his visions
“Our monuments shall be the maws of kites.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Banquo’s ghost – Macbeth says whats the point of burying people if they just come back to life to Banquo’s ghost- Macbeth is questioning & shouting at the ghost- He is becoming crazier & crazier towards the ghost
“The times have beenThat, when the brains were out, the man would die,And there an end; but now they rise again,With twenty mortal murders on their crowns,And push us from our stools.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth says that it used to be that when you knocked a man’s brains out he would just die, & that would be it, but now they rise from the dead with twenty fatal head wounds & push us off our stools- Macbeth is talking complete nonsense to Lady Macbeth because she is unable to see the ghost- Macbeth is consumed with thought about the ghost & is completely scared, yet entranced by the ghost
“My worthy lord,Your worthy friends do lack you.” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth- Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth that his friends miss his company- Lady Macbeth is trying to pull him out of his complete craziness & back into the dinner party- Lady Macbeth is trying to keep a good image & continue being good hosts
“I have a strange infirmity, which is nothingTo those that know me.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to guests- Macbeth is also very convincing, deceiving & smart – Macbeth states that its a normal thing that happens to him, just a strange disorder he has, which no longer shocks those who knows him well- Convincing his dinner party that nothing is wrong- Macbeth is quick to respond & act
“To our dear Banquo, whom we miss;Would he were here!” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to guests- Macbeth is lying to his guests- Dramatic irony, the audience knows that Macbeth doesn’t care for Banquo
“Avaunt and quit my sight, let the earth hide thee -Thy bones are marrowless, thy blood is cold.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Banquo’s ghost – Macbeth yells out to the ghost to go & get out of his sight- Macbeth tells Banquo’s ghost to stay in his grave- He says that there’s no marrow in his bones, his blood is cold & that the ghost is staring at him with eyes that have no power to see- Macbeth is completely scared- Macbeth is probably scaring his guests, causing them to wonder who they have as a king, drawing suspicion
“What man dare, I dare: Approach thou like the rugged Russian bear,The armed rhinoceros, or the Hyrcan tiger,Take any shape but that.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Banquo’s ghost – Macbeth claims to Banquo’s ghost that he is as brave as any other man & that the ghost can come at him in the form of a rugged Russian bear, an armor-plated rhinoceros, or a tiger from Iran- Macbeth is trying to act confident & trying to put up a fight with the ghost – Macbeth is hiding his fear of the ghost by trying to stand up to it & yell at it
“Hence, horrible shadowUnreal mock’ry, hence.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Banquo’s ghost – Macbeth tells the ghost to get out of here- Macbeth appears frazzled & paranoid
“You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting,With most admired disorder.” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth – Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth that he has ruined their good cheer & disrupted the gathering by making a spectacle of himself- Lady Macbeth appears disappointed in Macbeth’s behavior – Macbeth’s behavior was over the top
“Can such things be,And overcome us like a summer’s cloud.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to the guests + Lady Macbeth – Macbeth is shocked to see that everyone else is so fine & okay while he is scared to the core- He says can things like this happen so suddenly without making us all astonished?
“You can behold such sightsAnd keep the natural ruby of your cheeks,When mine is blanched with fear.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to the guests + Lady Macbeth- Macbeth finds it nerve-wrecking that they are so calm & have a straight face while he is blanched with fear- Macbeth wonders how the guests can keep a straight face when these terrible things are happening & while his face has gone white with fear- Macbeth has become crazy
“He grows worse and worseQuestion enrages him…Stand not upon the order of your going,But go at once.” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to guests – Lady Macbeth tells the guests to leave & to not interact with Macbeth during his fits- Lady Macbeth is smart & acts calm – Lady Macbeth is capable to make everything go her way smoothly- She is also able to keep in character of being a good host
“It will have blood they say; blood will have blood.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth says that there’s an old saying: the dead will have their revenge- Motif/symbol of blood- Blood (death) will lead to more blood (more death)- This is exactly what happened to Macbeth- Everything has consequences, all actions- Karma
“There’s not a one of them but in his houseI keep a servant fee’d.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth says that in every one of the lords’ households he has a servant paid to spy for him- Macbeth begins to become suspicious of Macduff because he didn’t join Macbeth’s dinner party- Macbeth doesn’t trust anyone anymore- Not having anyone to trust & count in can cause a person to become crazy & feel isolated / alone- By Macbeth not trusting anyone, he will have no one to help him out because he won’t be able o trust them & it also drives people away
“Now I am bent to know,By the worst means the worst. For mine own goodAll causes shall give way. I am in bloodStepped in so far, that should I wade no more,Returning were as tedious as go o’er:Strange things I have in head that will to hand,Which must be acted ere they may be scanned.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth is committed to his crime & his new found murderous approach- He is too far deep in his crimes that its too late to go back & he must keep moving forward with his horrible ways- Even if he wanted t fix everything, it would be too late & it would harder to go back than to go forward- Macbeth dug himself a grave – Macbeth also decides that he will demand help & knowledge of the things to come from the Witches- Macbeth says his own safety is the only important thing now- He has walked so far into this river of blood that even if he stopped now, it would be as hard to go back to being good as it is to keep killing people – He has some schemes in his head that he is planning to put into action & he has to do these things before he has a chance to think about them- Macbeth is beginning to make more rash decisions without reason & thinking
“You lack the season of all natures, sleep.” – Sc. 4- Lady Macbeth to Macbeth – Lady Macbeth advises Macbeth that he hasn’t slept & should sleep- Motif/Symbol of sleep- Macbeth is no longer pure or innocent like sleep- Macbeth is sleep deprived (a symbol)
“We are yet but young in deed.” – Sc. 4- Macbeth to Lady Macbeth – Macbeth claims that they are still beginners when it comes to crime- They will begin to continue to pursue crime
“Loves for his own ends, not for you.” – Sc. 5- Hecate to the three Witches- Hecate tells the three Witches that Macbeth only chases after what he wants & doesn’t care about them- Macbeth is a greedy & selfish person, only caring for his own needs & wants- Macbeth is a tyrant, not caring for the citizens of Scotland which may cause a revolt- His selfishness is a downfall for himself (hubris)
“And by the strength of their illusionShall draw him on to his confusion.” – Sc. 5- Hecate to the three Witches – Hecate is going to make a potion that will make a drop produce magical spirits that will trick Macbeth with illusion- Motif/Symbol of the supernatural- Motif/Symbol of hallucinations- Hecate is going to make Macbeth see even more hallucinations to confuse hims- These hallucinations will also open his eyes to what is to happen (a prophecy)
“He shall spurn fate, scorn death, and bear His hopes ‘bove wisdom, grace and fear.” – Sc. 5- Hecate to the three Witches- Hecate is going to make an illusion to cause Macbeth to be fooled into thinking he is greater than fate, making him mock death, & make him think he is above wisdom, grace, & fear- Motif/Symbol of the supernatural- Motif/Symbol of halucinations- Enhances Macbeth’s flaws
“SecurityIs mortal’s chiefest enemy.” – Sc. 5- Hecate to the three Witches – Overconfidence is a man’s greatest enemy – Theme of overconfidence leading to the downfall of Macbeth- The harmartia & hubris of Macbeth
“The gracious Duncan … the right valiant Banquo … to kill their gracious father … How it did grieve Macbeth …” – Sc. 6- Lennox to a Lord- Lennox is beginning to question Macbeth as King- Lennox is loosing faith in Macbeth as King- He is trying to recount everything that has happened & trying to make himself believe in Macbeth’s actions even though they are off kilter
“And ’cause he failedHis presence at the tyrant’s feast, I hearMacduff lives in disgrace.” – Sc. 6- Lennox to a Lord- Lennox outs Macbeth & calls him a tyrant, concluding that they don’t like him as the King- Lennox says that he hears that Macduff is out of favor with the King because he speaks his mind too plainly, & because he failed to show up at Macbeth’s feast- Macduff seems to be against Macbeth’s tyrant ways
“The most pious Edward.” – Sc. 6- A Lord to Lennox – Macduff is rumored to have asked King Edward for help to overthrow Macbeth- Macduff wants Edward to help him form an alliance with the people of Northumberland and their lord, Siward- A revolt is beginning – Appears that a war will begin shortly between Macbeth’s army & Macduff’s army
“We may againGive to our table meat, sleep to our nightsFree from our feasts and banquets bloody knives.” – Sc. 6- A Lord to Lennox- Seems like Lennox & the other Lord agrees/sides with Macduff- The Lord says that Macduff hopes that with their help—and with the help of God above—he may once again put food on their tables, bring peace back to their nights, free their feasts and banquets from violent murders & allow us to pay proper homage to their king & receive honors freely- Life as Macbeth as King seems horrible!- Theme of a tyrant ruled kingdom versus a proper King
“He prepares for some attempt at war.” – Sc. 6- A Lord to Lennox- Macbeth has heard the rumors of the war & is angry & is also preparing for war
“That a sweet blessingMay soon return to this our suffering country,Under a hand accursed.” – Sc. 6- Lennox to a Lord – Lennox & the lord (&many others as well) are desperate for Macduff to fight for the citizens of Scotland & free them from Macbeth- Everyone seems against Macbeth & no longer like him- Lennox states that Macduff should return quickly to free their country, which is suffering under a tyrant!

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