English Final – Macbeth short answer questions

Plays are divided into Acts indicated by Capital Roman NumeralsScenes indicated by lowercase Roman NumeralsLines indicated by normal numbers (1,2,3,etc.)
Shakespeare writes in this specific style iambic pentameter
Historical and geographic setting of Macbeth 14th century Scotland
“The raven himself is hoarse that croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan” is an example of this literary device. foreshadowing
The three prophecies with which the witches greet Macbeth 1. Thane of Glamis2. Thane of Cawdor3. will be King
The three prophecies with which the witches greet Banquo 1. lesser than Macbeth, and greater2. not as happy, yet much happier3. will give birth to kings
“If good,why do I yield to that suggestion whose horrid image doth unfix my hair and make my seated heart knock at my ribs, against the use of nature?” Who says this, what does it mean, and what is the character contemplating? Macbeth says this quote. After hearing what the witches said about him becoming King, he wonders why he cannot stop thinking about murdering King Duncan. He says that this “doth unfix my hair,” or that the thought is driving him crazy.
What kind of gal is Lady Macbeth, based on what we’ve seen and heard so far? What does she think of her husband’s character? Lady Macbeth is a very evil, wicked, and ambitious character. She thinks that Macbeth has a nature that is too kind. She also thinks that he does not have the ambition or wickedness to murder Duncan.
Macbeth lists at least three arguments against killing Duncan. Of these, which reason seems most important to him? For Macbeth, the most important reason against killing Duncan is that Duncan has been praising and honoring him lately. He also thinks that everyone has golden opinions of him as of now, and is worried that this could change by murdering Duncan.
Name two types of conflict and give an example of each type from Act II or Act III One conflict was person vs. self, and an example was that Macbeth was having hallucinations and having conflicts with himself because of this. Another conflict is person vs. person, and an example is that Macbeth has a conflict with Duncan because he wants to be king.
Murder of Duncan and the elaborate cover-up Macbeth had a hallucination of a dagger that lead him to killing Duncan. First, Lady Macbeth made the guards drunk. Macbeth committed the crime when the bell rang, which was Lady Macbeth’s signal. Afterwards, they washed their hands, smeared the daggers and guards with blood, and placed the daggers next to the guards. This was to make it seem like the guards had committed the crime.
“Sleep no more!…Cawdor hath murdered sleep!…Macbeth shall sleep no more!” Explain who said it, in what context, and why. Macbeth heard this while he was murdering Duncan. It is saying that Macbeth will never sleep properly again. It made Macbeth very paranoid.
Explain the murder of Banquo Macbeth hired murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance. He did this because he felt threatened by Banquo’s kids, since the witches had prophesied that they would become kings. The murderers stabbed Banquo 20 times in the head, and they left him in a ditch. Fleance, however, escaped.
“The times has been that, when the brains were out, the man would die, and there an end; but now they rise again, with twenty mortal murders on their crowns and push us from our stools.” Explain who said it, in what context, and why. Macbeth says this after seeing Banquo’s ghost. It means that in the old days, people that died would stay dead. Now, however, the dead were coming back to haunt people and stealing their chairs.
Whereabouts of Malcolm and Donalbain, why they fled, and what Malcolm is doing now Malcolm fled to England, and Donalbain fled to Ireland. They did this because they thought the murderer that killed Duncan would come after them next. Now, Malcolm got help from Edward, King of England, and is preparing to fight a war against Macbeth.
“I am in blood stepped in so far that, should I wade no more, returning were as tedious (difficult) as going over it…” Explain who said it, in what context, and why. Macbeth says this quote. it means that he has killed so many people that it would be easier to keep on going and keep on killing people than to stop now.
List 4 dead people so far in Acts I, II, or III 1. King Duncan2. Banquo3. First guard of Duncan4. Second guard of Duncan
First apparition and prophesy Apparition of an armed head says “Beware of Macduff!”
Second apparition and prophesy Apparition of a bloody child says “No child born of woman shall harm Macbeth”
Third apparition and prophesy Apparition of child with a crown says “Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill shall come against him.”
The servant sees this out the window 10,000 English soldiers
Explain context: Banquo is holding a mirror When Macbeth goes to see the witches, he demands to know everything. They show him 3 apparitions, but he still wants to know more. They then show him 8 kings and Banquo, and Banquo is holding a mirror. The 8 kings are Banquo’s offspring and Banquo’s mirror makes it seem like the kings keep on coming and never stop. This makes Macbeth very scared.
Malcolm lists at least three reasons why he’d be a terrible king, and for each one, Macduff offers a counter-argument. List these. 1. Malcolm says that he is greedy for jewels and other things, and Macduff says that Scotland has enough to fulfill his will.2. Malcolm says that he has more vices that Macbeth, but Macduff says that not even in hell is there someone worse than Macbeth. 3. Malcolm says that he does not have kingly characteristics, but Macduff says that Malcolm comes from a good family.
Lady Macduff is really mad at her husband. And then she’s not…Explain. When Macduff flees to England, lady Macduff has a conversation with her son. She says that Macduff is a traitor and is dead to her. However, later, she is joking around with her son. Also, when a murderer comes to their house, she says that she hopes they don’t find Macduff.
Explain Lady Macbeth’s guilt Lady Macbeth is extremely filled with guilt about the murders she has committed or helped with. This has caused her to sleepwalk and act out certain things, such as when she was cleaning her hands after Duncan’s murder. The Doctor said she needed the divine, or God, to help her now. Later, Lady Macbeth kills herself because of this guilt.
Explain how Birnam Wood does indeed come to Dunsinane When the English are attacking Scotland, Malcolm tells the soldiers to pick up a tree branch and walk with it to camouflage themselves. This fulfills the prophecy of Birnam Wood because the forest is “moving” to Dunsinane.
List at least three steps Malcolm will take to help Scotland recover and go on as a peaceful kingdom 1. Malcolm says that anyone who helped him in the fight will become an earl. 2. He says that anyone who helped Macbeth will be tried, imprisoned, and/or killed. 3. He says that everyone is invited to his coronation at Scone.
Several people die in Acts IV and V: Name 3 1. Young Siward2. Lady Macduff3. Son (of Macduff)4. Macbeth

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