ENGLISH FINAL (macbeth & poems)

Banquo Macbeths’s best friend; is Macbeth’s character foil because he had the same temptations but didn’t give in to them; murdered by Macbeth because his sons will be kings, also witnesses the prophecy; his ghost will haunt Macbeth later
Macbeth Thane of Cawdor and Glamis, but goes through major character change when he heard the witches prophecy
Lady Macbeth Macbeth’s wife; at the beginning, she is the stronger of the two, but after Duncan’s murder she goes crazy and officially commits suicide
Macduff the Thane of Fife; was never a big fan of Macbeth, eventually got together w/Malcom to defeat him for revenge of his murdered family; in the end, he beheads Macbeth
Lady Macduff Wife of Macduff. She was angry when Macduff left. When Macduff flees to meet with Malcolm in another country, Macbeth sends murderers to kill her and her son. She is killed (along with her son)
Fleance Banquo’s son, who survives Macbeth’s attempt to murder him, while his father didn’t. At the end of the play, Fleance poofs out of existance, although he should eventually get on the thrown to fulfill the witches prophecy
Duncan The good king of Scotland who Macbeth, in his ambition for the crown, murders
Malcolm The second of the sons of Duncan, named heir of Cumberland. He flees to England when Duncan is killed. Later, Macduff meets up with him, and they both team up together and go back to Scotland, where they plan to kill Macbeth
Donalbain Duncan’s youngest son; flees to Ireland after Duncan is murdered
Ross Scottish nobleman; reports bad news such as the beginning of the rebellion and the fate of Macduff’s family
Lennox the sarcastic Scottish nobleman who accompanies Macduff to Macbeth’s castle the night of Duncan’s murder. Macduff tells him his suspicions about Macbeth’s guilt
Menteith Scottish nobleman who reports the nearness of English forces and their desire for revenge
Caithness Scottish nobleman
Angus Scottish nobleman and rebel against Macbeth; reports that they will meet the English forces near Birnam wood and says that Macbeth no longer commands the devotion of his soldiers but that they only follow him because they’re afraid
Siward commander of English army; son killed by macbeth in battle
Young Siward Siward’s son; honorably slain by Macbeth in hand-to-hand combat
The Weird Sisters the 3 crypitc witches that deliver their prophecies in double speek
Hecate goodess of the witches
Fife Macduff’s estate
Dunsinane Macbeth’s fortified castle where his downfall eventually occured
Birnam When these woods were at Birnam Hill, Macbeth would meet his maker
Scone where Scottish kings are crowned
Alliteration repitition of an initial consonant sound
allusion reference to an outside literary work
Apostrophe adressing an absent or deceased person or an object
Assonance reptition of a vowel sound
consonance repitition of a consonants sound within words
hyperbole an exaggeration
Imagery repeater description or image throughout a text
metaphor a comparison between two objects without useing like or as
Onomatopoeia a word which imitates a sound
personification using human characteristics to describe an object or animal
simile comparison using like or as
symbol an object or action that stands for something beyod itself
repitition the repitition of words, phrases or lines
anaphora the repitition of a word or phrase at the BEGINING of every clause
epistrophe the repitition of a word or phrase at the END of every clause
rhyme two or more words that share the same end sounds
rhyme scheme a pattern of rhyming words within a poem or a verse
understatement saying less than you mean
speaker: all 3 witches; audience: no one in particular; discription of what’s happening: the witches are ending their meeting in the thunderstorm with a little ritual; analysis: the witches have just announced the most prominent theme in the play. this qoute means that everything is not as it seems; good things could really turn out to be bad things and vice versa. for example, killing Duncan sounded like the good, easy way to become king, but it just ruined Maceth’s character and life. “Fair is foul, and foul is fair, hover through the fog and filthy air”
lady macbeth “yet i do fear thy nature; it is too full o th milk of human kindness”
lady macbeth “look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under ‘t”
macbeth “sleep that knits up the raveled sleave of care”
macbeth “will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood clean from my hand?”
macbeth “we have scorched the snake, not killed it”
macbeth “duncan is in his grave. after lifes fitful fever he sleeps well”
malcolm “angels are bright still, though the brightest fell”
lady macbeth “out, damned spot, out i say!”
macbeth “tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow…”
macbeth “i have supped full w/horrors”

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