English 4x Hamlet Test

According to Freud, to keep all conflict buried in the unconscious mind, we act using defense mechanisms like selective memory, denial, projection, regression, and fear of intimacy or death.
Freud’s model of the psyche includes the _____ (“_____”), the _____ (“_____”), and the _____ (“_____”). Id (“Animal”), Ego (“Referee), and the Superego (“Conscience”)
The Id: unconscious; The Basic Desire; serves as a storehouse for our desires, wishes, and fears; location of drives; taking–selfish
The Ego: conscious, processes experiences and operates as a referee or mediator between the id/superego
The Superego: unconscious; opposite of Id, often thought of as one’s “conscience,” operates like an internal censor encouraging moral judgements
Oedipus Complex the wish of children to possess their mother, and the frustration that she pays so much attention to the father. The result is “a murderous rage against the father…and a desire to posses the mother.” Eventually, the boy learns to identify with the father in the hope of someday “possessing” a woman like his mother. Different for boys and girls.
According to the “Introduction” by Pearce, why did Shakespeare write Hamlet? to counter aspects of the earlier play, Ur-Hamlet, with which he disprovedprobably to “baptize” the drama, to make it more Christian
According to “Introduction” by Pearce, why does Hamlet continue to puzzle critics and readers? who is Hamlet? a good hero struggling against bad fortune? a hopelessly melancholic procrastinator? conundrums–puzzling
What does Pearce argue about Hamlet’s readiness at the end of the play? Hamlet is ready for death because he accepts his divine fate and the ultimate ruling of God. He goes from suicidal to religious confident. He finds resolution in accepting his place and death.
According to Pearce, what significance does Wittenberg University have for the play? Contemporary religious controversy–Protestant reformationShakespeare looks down upon the Reformation, Hamlet makes a bad pun, R and G graduated from there
According to Pearce, how does the ghost see things in the play and why is this different from the other characters? the ghost sees things as they are–not as they seemomniscient and all-knowingfree from constraints of time
How does Pearce interpret Hamlet’s procrastination and inability to act? Do you agree of disagree with this interpretation? born of virtuous circumspection and a determinationprudenttheme of the play is reality vs. appearanceHamlet wants to make sure he is the minister of justice and not of injustice
According to Pearce, how is Ophelia weak? she is wooed by Hamlet even though he couldn’t marry her. She then betrays Hamlet. In the end, she has lost reason. She lies to Hamlet and has bad allegiances. Ultimately, Pearce thinks she’s a distraction.
According to Pearce, how is Polonius a fishmonger? master of spying with no boundaries–even his own kidshe deals out spies for King Claudius like people sell fish
Does Pearce argue Hamlet is sane or insane? sane, maddened by moral madness around himacts crazy for spies
Why does Pearce argue that the characters around Hamlet are “moral misfits”? they are spies and not as they seem. They sell their souls to the king
Does Pearce argue Hamlet is without blemish as a hero? Why or why not? Pearce thinks Hamlet has blemishes. However, he should be forgiven for his too intense passionate because of his unfortunate situation (dead dad etc.). He is proud, revengeful, ambitious, inactive. He may slip up morally a few times; however, importantly, he overall knows right from wrong and is a good guy.
According to Pearce, why is the ghost the only “real character” in the play and how might this explain why Gertrude doesn’t see the ghost in Act 3? completely honest because he comes from the eternal realmGertrude only what things seem like, not what they are like
Why does Pearce argue Hamlet is Christian realism? it has innocent characters suffering, which wouldn’t happen in an ideal world, but they are martyrs
According to Pearce, why can’t Hamlet have a happy ending? reality–reasonable ending, people die for other people’s sins in real lifeHamlet does have resurrection
tragic hero traits: the hero is unlucky, not a perfect guy but not a bad guy, noble, fated, suffering, wins our admiration through suffering, free will vs. fate, tragic drama–true identity, enlightenment
“Reading Hamlet” by Crystal Downing Hamlet’s “to be or not to be” line means he is questioning what it means to be human; he’s not contemplating suicide but existence. Difficulty understanding individuals is a motif in the play. Hamlet tries to understand the ghost and Claudius, Polonius uses Ophelia to try to understand Hamlet. Shakespeare gives the audience their own interpretative ambiguity. Is the ghost real? What is Gertrude thinking? Verbal manipulations and interpretative ambiguity of the right to kill are presented to Hamlet because he is not selfish or unthinking. The repetitions of Wittenberg alludes to the Reformation. It reflects history, like divorce, translating the bible into English, multiple ways to interpret things. The interpretation in Hamlet mirrors Shakespeare’s religious struggles with interpreting the bible. The discussion before Hamlet’s death between him and Horatio heavily uses “to be” verbs, which shows Hamlet thinks “being” does not rely on complete understanding. In the end, Hamlet and Shakespeare recognize that even if vague interpretations impede mortal life, comfort should be found by trusting in God’s greater plan.
“Reading Hamlet” by Crystal DowningHamlet’s “to be or not to be” line means he is questioning what it means to be _____; he’s not contemplating _____ but _____. _______ is a motif in the play. Hamlet tries to understand the _____ and______, Polonius uses _____ to try to understand Hamlet. Shakespeare gives the audience their own interpretative _____. Is the ghost real? What is Gertrude _____? Verbal _____ and interpretative _____ of the right to ____ are presented to Hamlet because he is not selfish or unthinking. The repetitions of Wittenberg alludes to the ______. It reflects history, like divorce, translating the ____ into _____, multiple ways to _____ things. The interpretation in Hamlet mirrors Shakespeare’s _____ struggles with _____ the bible. The discussion before Hamlet’s death between him and Horatio heavily uses ____ verbs, which shows Hamlet thinks “being” does not rely on complete ______. In the end, Hamlet and Shakespeare recognize that even if vague _____ impede mortal life, comfort should be found by trusting in God’s _____. human; suicide; existence; difficulty understanding individuals; ghost and Claudius; Ophelia; ambiguities; thinking; ambiguities; ambiguity; kill; Reformation; bible; English; to be; understanding; interpretations; greater plan.
“Hamlet’s Envenomed Foil” by Andrew Moran Hamlet presents one essential question of identity. The ghost is an example; the question is often unanswered. Lutheranism questions man’s nature and acts are justified by God’s will. Hamlet wonders is people are assisted by God to continue living or if they are controlled by sin. Hamlet’s questioning shows confusion, but sin is human nature, shown by spotted flesh. Hamlet uses metaphorical mirror and mediums. He uses the play, but it is a flawed mirror; the king may have felt threatened. Representative imagery=mistaken view of reality. Hamlet uses symbolism but recognizes the difference between appearance and reality. He distrusts reason and objectivity. Hamlet is a foil of Fortinbras and Laertes. Hamlet has so many foils, his sense of self is splintered into many different images. Envy flourishes. Ophelia is also a foil. She has a similar situation but her thoughts are more hopeful and religious. Hamlet’s last words are spent insuring his reputation. Ophelia prays for others; while Hamlet wants to damn others. Ophelia thins men can love each other but Hamlet thinks sin is the fatal flaw of human nature as it prevents love.
“Hamlet’s Envenomed Foil” by Andrew MoranHamlet presents one essential question of _____. The ____ is an example; the question is often _____. _____ questions man’s nature and acts are justified by ____ will. Hamlet wonders if people are ____ by God to continue living or if they are controlled by ___. Hamlet’s questioning shows ____, but absolutely he thinks___ is human nature, shown by spotted ____. Hamlet uses metaphorical ___ and mediums. He uses the play, but it is a flawed mirror; the king may have felt ____. Representative imagery=____ view of reality. Hamlet uses symbolism but recognizes the difference between_____ and reality. He distrusts _____and objectivity. Hamlet is a foil of ____ and _____. Hamlet has so many foils, his sense of self is _____ into many different images. Envy flourishes. Ophelia is also a _____. She has a similar situation but her thoughts are more hopeful and _____. Hamlet’s last words are spent insuring his _____. Ophelia _____ for others; while Hamlet wants to damn others. Ophelia thins men can _____ each other but Hamlet thinks sin is the fatal ____ of human nature as it prevents love. identity; ghost; unanswered; Lutheranism; God’s will; assisted; sin; confusion; sin; flesh; mirrors; threatened; mistaken; appearance; reason; Fortinbras; Laertes; splintered; foil; religious; reputation; love; flaw
“Psychology, Character, and Performance in Hamlet” by Gene Fendt Ecstasy is an out-of-body and uniquely human experience; love causes ecstasy. There is the “vegetable appetite,” a desire that is both held and met unknowingly. There is the “animal apprehensions,” wanting something one unknowingly need. Humans can self-asses needs/desires using reason. “Rational appetite” is will, wanting what one lacks. Within ecstasy, there is higher (friendship, for the greater good) and lower (lust, selfish). Simple is when you have want something no matter what; it drives you crazy. Restricted is when you can function still. Lower is like lust. Higher is like justice. Gertrude could have drank the wine for many reasons. One is that she indulges in lower pleasures. Another is she realizes Claudius is horrible and hates herself for trusting him so she kills herself. Another is that she was considering higher things such as the good of Denmark and was testing Claudius’ character and revealing Hamlet as the rightful leader. Perhaps Gertrude is giving Claudius a second chance to confess, showing her ability to love at a higher level.
“Psychology, Character, and Performance in Hamlet” by Gene FendtEcstasy is an out-of-____ and uniquely ___ experience; ____ causes ecstasy. There is the “____ appetite,” a desire that is both held and met ____. There is the “animal apprehensions,” wanting something one _____ y needs. Humans can self-asses needs/desires using____. “Rational appetite” is will, _____ what one lacks. Within ecstasy, there is ____ (justice, friendship, for the greater good) and ____ (lust, selfish). ____ is when you have want something no matter what; it drives you ____. Restricted is when you can ____ still. Gertrude could have ____ the wine for many reasons. One is that she indulges in _____ pleasures. Another is she realizes Claudius is ___ and ____ herself for trusting him so she kills herself. Another is that she was considering _____ things such as the good of Denmark and was testing Claudius’ ____ and revealing Hamlet as the ____l leader. Perhaps Gertrude is giving Claudius a ____ chance to confess, showing her ability to love at a ____ level. body; human; vegetable; unknowingly; unknowingly; reason; wanting; higher; lower; restricted; crazy; function; drank; lower; horrible; hates; higher; character; rightful; second; higher
“Who’s in Charge? Providence in Hamlet by Jim Scott Orick In Hamlet, characters attempt to manipulate each other to gain what they desire. Disaster results. Polonius=meddlesome, deserves death. Even though characters attempt to control fate, in the end it is Providence and God’s reign over that controls people. God’s ways of directing are abstract. Claudius uses providence when he says he thinks Hamlet should have seen his father dying coming. When Horatio and Hamlet argue before the duel, Hamlet says he must continue on, that providence chose this path for him. Christian law assures its followers that God is active in the world he designed through nature, contrasted with Deism and unwinding clock. Providence is God carrying out laws. The characters use reason to submit to God’s will. The Rule of Fortune is things happen for random reasons; in providence, the use of reason is encouraged because God has a link between acting reasonably and predetermined events. Hamlet thinks Gertrude is using reason as an excuse to be with Claudius. Hamlet likes that Horatio is reasonable. Hamlet follow’s God’s plan–does not commit suicide. He fears his sins would cause God to punish him in the afterlife and he must stay alive and abide to his providence. All the characters who attempted to manipulate their way through life die.
In Hamlet, characters attempt to ____ each other to gain what they ____. ___ results. Polonius=____, deserves _____. Even though characters attempt to control _____, in the end it is ____ and God’s reign that controls people. God’s ways of directing are ____. Claudius uses providence when he says he thinks Hamlet should have seen his father dying _____. When Horatio and Hamlet argue before the _____, Hamlet says he must continue on, that providence chose this _____ for him. Christian law assures its followers that God is ______ in the world he designed through nature, contrasted with Deism and unwinding _____. Providence is God ______ out laws. The characters use _____ to submit to God’s will. The Rule of Fortune is things happen for____reasons; in providence, the use of reason is encouraged because God has a link between acting _____ and _____ events. Hamlet thinks Gertrude is using reason as an _____ to be with Claudius. Hamlet likes that Horatio is reasonable. Hamlet follow’s God’s plan–does not commit ____. He fears his sins would cause God to ____ him in the _____ and he must stay alive and abide to his providence. All the characters who attempted to _____ their way through life ____. manipulate; desire; disaster; meddlesome; fate; providence; abstract; coming; duel; path; active; clock; carrying; reason; random; reasonably; predetermined; excuse; suicide; punish; afterlife; manipulate; die
Hamlet’s soliloquy, pages 19-20. I wish God had not made a law against suicide. Talks about how he can’t believe his mother is being incestuous. He is in a politically weak position.
Hamlet soliloquy, page 76-78. Player acts out story for no purpose because he doesn’t actually have motives of Pyrrhus. If Hamlet were actor, he would speak the truth and express emotions. I’m still weak with grief and can’t say anything about my father. Who’s behind all the plots to find out what’s wrong with me? He doesn’t want to be a martyr. My father told me to do something and I’m having an existential crisis, questioning revenge or not. Idea–plays move villains to confess. I’ll have my players act out the murder and if my uncle blushes I will know he did it. The ghost may have been a devil.
soliloquy pages 81-83 Should I cope with the situation I have been given or should I fight against it? Will my crusade solve my problems? Suicide would help. If death would naturally come to me, that would be great. Difficulty, nothing would be solved her on Earth once I die. Struggles of life. when someone is released from punishment by killing his/herself, who would inherit burdens? hell complicates things. The promise of redemption motivates us to keep working at life burdens instead of abandoning them. We are afraid of what we are like and strive to be better. Instead of solving our problems the brutal way, we think too much. Revenge plots are given up because we care too much about our character.
Soliloquy pages 128-129 more bad news that makes him angry and is getting in the way of plans. Fortinbras’ men are simple, animals, It’s not up to us to decide fates of people–up to God. Madness or stupidity–cowardice. I don’t know Fortinbras’ purpose to take land. Fortinbras is clueless about war. He’s causing death for something worthless, stupidly fighting for his honor. All these men are dying for no good reason. I should kill the actually guilty people I know. I actually have a good reason to be violent and Fortinbras has showed me I should act!
Soliloquy pages 108-109 chooses not to kill Claudius because he wants Claudius to go to hell. Hamlet doesn’t hear that King is being insincere–audience knows it is a missed opportunity–does Hamlet?

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