Elements of the Epic Hero Cycle in the Odyssey

The main character is a hero, who is often possessed of supernatural abilities or qualities. – intelligent- clever/cunning- trickster – strong – favored and hindered by Zeus – favored by Athena
The hero is charged with a quest. to return home to Ithaca
The hero is tested, often to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest. – Sirens- Scylla – Charybdis – Suitors – Cyclopes – Calypso – Laestrygonians – Lotus Eaters- Circe
The presence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and human helpers and companions. – Athena – Circe – Tiresias – Eumaeus – Telemachus – Alcinous – king of the Phaeacians- Aeolus – king of the winds
The hero’s travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal human beings are barred from entering. underworld
The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up his quest or appears defeated. Odysseus is held captive by Calypso after his men disobey his orders and eat Helios’s cattle (Zeus sends a storm that destroys ship and kills all men, except Odysseus – floating on raft)
A resurrection. Calypso frees Odysseus, and Alcinous gives him a ship to get back to Ithaca
Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining his rightful place on the throne. Odysseus arrives in Ithaca, kills the suitors, proves his identity to Penelope, reunites with his family

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