Drama Terms and Romeo and Juliet

Remarks unheard by other actors on the stage when an actor turns his head toward the audience to speak. Aside
The chief opponent or rival of the protagonist when the plot involves conflict. Antagonist
Humor inserted into the play to break a serious mood. Comic Relief
Occurs when the audience knows facts which one or more of the characters on the stage do not Dramatic Irony
A section of work preceding the main part, serving as an introduction Prologue
Chief character in a play, either hero or villain depending on the story. Protagonist
Humorous play on words indicating different meanings. Puns
Speech delivered while the actor is alone on the stage. It informs the audience of what is happening in the character’s mind or gives needed information about other characters. Soliloquy (Solo)
A drama in prose or verse recounting a related series of events in the life of a person of significance which must end in an unhappy catastrophe. Tragedy
The conscious use of overstatement or exaggeration by a writer for effect. (Ex. He died a thousand deaths.) Hyperbole
A character who sheds light on another more important character by clearly implied comparison or contrast. Foil
A figure of speech which combines two terms that in ordinary usage are contraries or opposites. Oxymoron
A long uninterrupted speech that is spoken in the presences of other characters. Monologue
A fourteen line lyric poem consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet. Shakespearean Sonnet
A comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of specific words comparisons such as like or as. Simile
A comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them. Metaphor
Has a tragic flaw which leads to his/her downfall Protagonist
A protagonist’s flaw is usually an … obsession
Characters in Shakespeare’s tragedies usually have… supernatural fate, fortune, and chance to influence some of the actions.
The tragic story leads up to and includes… the death of the protagonist.
The suffering is _____, unexpected, and contrasts with previous happiness and/or glory quick
The protagonist recognizes his own responsibility for the suffering… to late to prevent his own death.
List the Tragic Pattern Steps A man of high estate w/ flawIntrusion of time, sense of urgencyMurder, exile, alienation, enemiesIsolation of the protagonistMisunderstanding/miscommunicationsConfrontation w/enemyRealize flaw, accept responsibility (TOO LATE)Death of protagonistRestoration of order and peace
Summarize the major events outlined in the prologue. Two families are in a feud. A couple that fate keeps apart commit suicide. Only after deaths do the families make peace.
The prologue is an example of a Shakespearean sonnet. Define the quatrain and couplet, and list the rhyme scheme. (Quatrain)->ABBA|CDCD|EFEF|GG<-(Couplet)
Define “star crossed lovers” Lovers want to be together, but fate keeps them apart. From the moment they were born the stars were crossed.
What contrast do you see in Benvolio and Tybalt in Act 1 Scene 1? Benvolio is calm, rational, peacemakerTybalt is a fighterTybalt want a fight between the servants, Benvolio wants peace
Summarize the major events in Act 1 Scene 1 A battle between the servants of the Montague and Capulet household rapidly escalates. Romeo and Benvolio discuss Romeo’s love.
Explain the allusion in lines 203-211. Romeo explains his feelings for Rosaline a target for Cupid’s (love) arrow and also as Diana (virginity) showing that it is impossible for her to fall for him.
Where do you see foreshadowing in Act 1 Scene 1? The prince warns the households if it happens again they will take their lives.
Summarize the major events in Act 1 Scene 2. Capulet talks with Paris about his desire to marry Capulet’s daughter Juliet. Capulet is having a party and Romeo lies to Peter a servant to get an invite.
What 3 reasons does Capulet offer in response to Paris’ request to marry Juliet. The Capulet’s daughter is too young.She is his only surviving child.He wants to choose her husband.
Explain the dramatic irony that arises in Act 1 Scene 2. Peter told Romeo he could go to the party of Capulet if he wasn’t a Montague.
Summarize the major events in Act 1 Scene 3. Lady Capulet calls the nurse to find her daughter, and they both try and convince Julietto marry Paris.
What are the differences in Juliet’s parents views on her marriage? Dad: wait until she is older and can decide for herselfMom: marry Paris ASAP
Explain the Lady Capulet’s metaphor about Paris. Lady Capulet explains Paris as a beautifully written book without a cover and is unbound. Lady Capulet wants Juliet to marry Paris to “bind them through marriage.”
Describe the tragedy of the play that the nurse breaks the tension with humor. “Lord how my head aches!””Your loves says like an honest gentleman, ‘where is your mother.”
Summarize the major events of Act 1 Scene 4 Romeo, Benviolio and Mericutio were masks to get into the party. Romeo isn’t sure if he should go because he has a dream and Mericutio give the Queen Mab speech
List two puns from Act 1 Scene 4. He is sad he doesn’t want to dance.He has heavy souls
Identify two specific dreams in Mercutio’s Queen Mab speech Lawyers dream of feesLadies dream of kisses
What is Mercutio’s advice to Romeo regarding dreams? Dreams are silly and meaningless.Dreams are for children.
Explain: “I fear, too early; for my mind misgives some consequence, yet hanging in the starts” Foreshadows that Romeo is going to dies because of this party
Summarize the major events of Act 1 Scene 5. Romeo sees Juliet for the first time and he talks to her and kisses her. They realize they are from opposite houses.
Describe: “Did my heart love till now? Forswear it, sight! For I ne’er saw try beauty till this night? Romeo originally went to the party to find Rosaline who no one could compare to and now he is in love with Juliet.
Explain the extended metaphor and religious imagery in Romeo and Juliet’s first conversation (sonnet). A sonnet represent perfection and it is used to show the perfection of that moment.
Identify two examples of foreshadowing in Act 1 Scene 5. Tybalt threatening to get back at RomeoJuliet saying she will die if he is married
What foils have been introduced in Act 1? The nurse and Lady CapuletThe nurse has been there for Juliet while Lady Capulet has been hands off.
Summarize the major events in Act II Scene 2. Romeo stands in the shadow of Juliet’s window and they express their feelings in soliloquies. They exchange emotions and arrange marriage.
Example of soliloquy in Act II Scene 2. Romeo and Juliet on balcony (2-26)
Example of monologue in Act II Scene 2. Juliet talking to RomeoYou can’t see my face….. (85-106)
Example of aside in Act II Scene 2. Line 37: ROMEO(aside) Shall I hear more, or shall I speak at this?
List images used as comparison in “But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?” fair, sun, light, brightness, lamp, moon, angle, east
What internal conflict does Juliet address? Why does Romeo have to be a Montague? It is just a name. How does his name change who he is?
What Shakespearean tragedy components are exemplified when Juliet expresses her concerns? External conflict, because Juliet is expressing how everything is moving too fast and she wants them to slow down and not make promises.
What archetypes are used in Act II? light/darkShakespeare used those to describe their feelings toward one another
Summarize the major events in Act II Scene 3. Romeo convince Friar Lawrance to help him marry Juliet.
How is allusion and personification used describing sunrise? The “grey eyed morning smiles” shows that the sun is brightly rising.”The frowning night” describes the night it replaced.
Describe the metaphor about plants for good and bad. The love between the Montagues and Capulets could help the relationships between the families, but it could harm the relationship too.
Give an example of senses through soliloquy. Touch “now are the sun advance his burning eye””The grey eyed moon smiled on the frowning night.”
Explain: “Young men’s love then lies not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes.” Friar Laurence meant the young men are attracted to looks not personality. Romeo falls in love easily.
What foreshadowing occurs in Act II Scene 3? Romeo would would risk everything to gain Juliet.
Summarize the major events in Act II Scene 4. Mercutio and Benvolio think Tybalt challenged Romeo.Juliet impatiently waits for her nurse, whom she sent to meet Romeo three hours earlier. The Nurse returns, and Juliet anxiously presses her for news. The Nurse claims to be too tired, sore, and out of breath to tell Juliet what has happened. Juliet grows frantic, and eventually the Nurse gives in and tells her that Romeo is waiting at Friar Lawrence’s cell to marry her. The Nurse departs to wait in the ally for Romeo’s servant, who is to bring a ladder for Romeo to use to climb up to Juliet’s chamber that night to consummate their marriage.
Summarize the major events in Act II Scene 5. The nurse returns after talking with Romeo and makes excuses to not tell Juliet what he said. She finally tells her what Romeo said.
Explain Juliet’s allusion to Cupid reveals about herself. “Love heralds” (cupid) reveals that Juliet is impatient and anxious about the response.
Explain what the nurse means “He is not the flower of courtesy, but, I’ll warrant him, as gentle as a lamb” He’s not the most polite man in the world, but, believe me, he is very gentle.
Summarize the major events in Act II Scene 6. Back at Friar Laurence’s place, the priest tries to convince Romeo to calm down a little. Marriage is for the long term, you see. “These violent delights have violent ends,” he warns.Unfortunately, it goes in one ear and out the other.Brain Snack: If you’re a Twilight fan, you’re probably thinking that Friar Laurence’s “These violent delights” line sounds familiar. That’s because Stephenie Meyer uses the quote as an epigraph for the novel New Moon.Juliet runs in. The room’s hormonal level skyrockets. Romeo and Juliet can barely keep their hands off each other, even in the presence of a priest.Friar Laurence takes them off to marry them so they can move on to the highly anticipated honeymoon phase.
Explain: “So smile the heavens upon this holy actThat after-hours with sorrow chide us not.” So smile the heavens upon this holy actThat after-hours with sorrow chide us not.
What advice does Friar Laurence offer Romeo? These sudden joys have sudden endings. They burn up in victory like fire and gunpowder. When they meet, as in a kiss, they explode. Too much honey is delicious, but it makes you sick to your stomach. Therefore, love each other in moderation. That is the key to long-lasting love. Too fast is as bad as too slow.
Explain Juliet’s O Romeo, O Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Romeo why do you have to be Romeo? Forget about your father and change your name. Or else, if you won’t change your name, just swear you love me and I’ll stop being a Capulet.
Summarize the major events in Act III Scene 1. Mercutio picks a fight with Tybalt
How are Romeo, Tybalt, and Mercutio responsible for the fight and death of Mercutio? Tybalt and Mercutio are hot heads who like to fights. Tybalt did not want to kill Mercutio. Romeo did not want to be responsible for pushing Mercutio to death either. Mercutio chose to pull out the sward and fight.
Mercutio said “A plague o’both your houses!” What is that foreshadowing? Mercutio’s last few lines foreshadows a tragedy for both the Montagues and Capulets
What inference can you draw from Act II Scene 1 and Act 1 Scene 1 starting the same?
What components of Shakespearean tragedy are in Act III Scene 1? The sudden, fatal violence in the first scene of Act 3, as well as the buildup to the fighting, serves as a reminder that, for all its emphasis on love, beauty, and romance, Romeo and Juliet still takes place in a masculine world in which notions of honor, pride, and status are prone to erupt in a fury of conflict. The viciousness and dangers of the play’s social environment are dramatic tools that Shakespeare employs to make the lovers’ romance seem even more precious and fragile—their relationship is the audience’s only respite from the brutal world pressing against their love. The fights between Mercutio and Tybalt and then between Romeo and Tybalt are chaotic; Tybalt kills Mercutio under Romeo’s arm, flees, and then suddenly, and inexplicably, returns to fight Romeo, who kills him in revenge. Passion outweighs reason at every turn.
Identify the main characters.
This is an example of…SAMPSON(aside to GREGORY)Is the law of our side if I say “ay”? aside
The ______________are the feuding Montagues and Capulets; Tybalt; the prince and citizens of Verona; fate. antagonists
Who provided comic relief? Nurse
This is an example of…PETERNow I’ll tell you without asking. My master is the great rich Capulet, and if you be not of the house of Montagues, I pray come and crush a cup of wine. Rest you merry! dramatic irony
This is an example of…Two households, both alike in dignity(In fair Verona, where we lay our scene),From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.From forth the fatal loins of these two foesA pair of star-crossed lovers take their life,Whose misadventured piteous overthrowsDoth with their death bury their parents’ strife.The fearful passage of their death-marked loveAnd the continuance of their parents’ rage,Which, but their children’s end, naught could remove,Is now the two hours’ traffic of our stage—The which, if you with patient ears attend,What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend. Prologue
Name the protagonist in the play. Romeo and Juliet
These are examples of…ROMEOGive me a torch. I am not for this ambling.Being but heavy, I will bear the light.ROMEONot I, believe me. You have dancing shoesWith nimble soles. I have a soul of leadSo stakes me to the ground I cannot move. Puns
Juliet spoke for lines 2-25 in Act II Scene 2From:But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?To: But soft! What light through yonder window breaks?What is that called? Soliloquy
“I will tear down the castle walls of any man or maid of Montagues.” Hyperbole
This exchange describes a…BENVOLIOI do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword,Or manage it to part these men with me.TYBALTWhat, drawn, and talk of peace? I hate the word,As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee.Have at thee, coward! Foil
“brawling love””loving hate” Oxymoron
Queen Mab Speech Monoglogue
The prologueRomeo and Juliet’s first conversation Shakespearean Sonnet
“Cupid will scare the ladies like a scarecrow scares crows.” Simile
“It is the east and Juliet is the sun.” Metaphor

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