“Beowulf” (Translated by Burton Raffel)

Who was Shild? “He’d travelled to Denmark alone, An abandoned child, but changed his own fate, Lived to be much honored. He ruled lands on all sides: wherever the sea Would take them his soldiers sailed, returned with tribute and obedience.” (Line 7)
Who was the son of Shild? Beo. “Now the Lord of all life, Ruler Of glory, blessed them with a prince, Beo, Whose power and fame soon spread through the world.” (Line 17)
Which clan was Shild and Beo from? The Danes (Line 13)
What was Shild buried with? A ship and treasure. “And there they brought the beloved body Of their ring-giving lord, and laid him near the mast. Next to that noble corpse They heaped up treasures, jeweled helmets, hooked swords and coats of mail, armor Carried from the ends of the earth…” (Line 34)
Who became King of the Danes after Beo and Healfdane? Hrothgar. “Then Hrothgar, taking the throne…” (Line 63)
What was the mead-hall called that Hrothgar built? Herot. “It was quickly ready, that most beautiful of dwellings, built as he’d wanted, and then he whose word was obeyed all over the earth named it Herot.” (Line 77)
Who is Healfdane? Beo’s son, Hrothgar’s father. “So the living sorrow of Healfdane’s son simmered.” (Line 189)
Grendel is a descendent of whom? Cain. ” He was spawned in that slime, Conceived by a pair of those monsters born Of Cain, murderous creatures banished by God, punished for the crime Of Abel’s death. (Line 104)
What happened at Herot? Grendel damaged it and killed thirty sleeping warriors. “He slipped through the door and there in the silence Snatched up thirty men, smashed them unknowing in their beds and ran out with their bodies.” (Line 121)
Which clan does Beowulf come from? The Geats. “In his far-off home Beowulf, Higlac’s follower and the strongest of the Geats-” (Line 194)
Who was Beowulf’s father? Edgetho. “My father was a famous soldier, known far and wide as a leader of men. His name was Edgetho.” (Line 261)
Who tells Hrothgar that Beowulf has arrived? Wulfgar. “Wulfgar replied-a prince Born to the Swedes, famous for both strength and wisdom: ‘Our warmhearted lord will be told of your coming; I shall tell our king, our giver of bright rings…” (Line 348)
What does Hrothgar tell Beowulf, after Beowulf introduces himself? “Hrothgar replied, protector of the Danes:’ Beowulf, you’ve come to us in friendship, and because of the reception your father found at our court.” (Line 456)
Who doubts and challenges Beowulf in the mead-hall and why? Unferth-he is jealous. “Unferth spoke, Ecglaf’s son Who sat at Hrothgar’s feet, spoke harshly And sharp (vexed by Beowulf’s adventure, by their visitor’s courage, and angry that anyone In Denmark or anywhere on earth had ever acquired glory and fame greater than his own):” (Line 499)
How did Queen Wealthow react to Beowulf’s story for Unferth? She was pleased. “Wealth was pleased with his words, His bright-tongued boasts; she carried them back to her lord, walked nobly across to his side.” (Line 639)
What weapons does Beowulf use to fight Grendel? None/His hands. “I could kill him with my sword; I shall not easy as it would be…I will meet him with my hands empty.” (Line 679
What happened before Beowulf meets Grendel in the mead-hall? Grendel kills a Geat. “Grendel snatched at the first Geat He came to, ripped him apart, cut his body to bits with powerful jaws, Drank the blood from his veins and bolted Him down, hands and feet; Death and Grendel’s great teeth came together, snapping life shut.” (Line 739)
What happens when Grendel meets Beowulf. Beowulf kills Grendel. “[Grendel] twisted in pain, And the bleeding sinews deep in his shoulder snapped, muscle and bone split and broke. The battle was over, Beowulf had been granted new glory; Grendel escaped, But wounded as he was could flee to his den, His miserable hole at the bottom of the marsh, only to die, to wait for the end of all his days.” (Line 815)
In honor of Beowulf’s victory, what was displayed in Herot? Grendel’s arm. “From the rafters where Beowulf had hung it, was the monster’s arm, claw and shoulder and all.” (Line 834)
Who did Hrothgar thank first when he entered Herot after Grendel’s death? God. “Let God be thanked! Grendel’s terrible anger hung over our heads too long, Dropping down misery;” (Line 927)
What does Hrothgar order in celebration of Beowulf’s victory over Grendel. Herot should be cleaned. “Then the king ordered Herot to be cleaned and hung with decorations.” (Line 991)
How does Hrothgar reward Beowulf and the Geats? Treasure-gifts. “And more: the lord of Herot ordered treasure gifts for each of the Geats who sailed with Beowulf…” (Line 1049)
Who seeks revenge on Herot? Grendel’s mother. “But a monster still lived, and meant revenge. She’d brooded on her loss, misery had brewed in her heart, that female horror, Grendel’s mother.”(Line 1257)
Who does Grendel’s mother kill? Esher, Hrothgar’s advisor and friend. “Esher is dead, Ermlaf’s older brother and my own most trusted counselor and friend.” (Line 1323)
What is Beowulf’s solution to the sorrow in Herot following Esher’s death? Avenge his death, kill Grendel’s mother. “Beowulf spoke: Let your sorrow end! It is better for us all to avenge our friends, not mourn them forever.” (Line 1383)
Where does Beowulf go to fight Grendel’s Mother? The lake. “Not afraid for his life but knowing the woven Mail, with its hammered links could save that life when he lowered himself into the lake, keep slimy monsters’ claws from snatching at His heart, preserve him for the battle he was sent to fight.” (Line 1445)
Who lends Beowulf a sword to fight Grendel’s Mother? Unferth. “And Unferth helped him, Hrothgar’s courtier Lent him a famous weapon, a fine, hilted old sword named Hrunting.” (Line 1454)
Why does Unferth change his mind about Beowulf? Beowulf has shown his bravery by going to fight in the lake, enemy territory. “Unferth had tried to forget his greeting to Beowulf, his drunken speech of welcome; A mighty warrior, he lent his weapon to a better one. Only Beowulf would risk his life in that lake; Unferth was afraid…” (Line 1465)
Who does Beowulf want to control the Geats, if he dies fighting Grendel’s mother? Hrothgar. “‘Remember, Hrothgar, Oh knowing king, now when my danger is near, the warm words we uttered, and if your enemy should end my life Then be, oh generous prince, forever the father and protector of all whom I leave Behind me, here in your hands, my beloved comrades.” (Line 1474)
What saves Beowulf’s life when he is stabbed by Grendel’s mother? His chain-mail. “By the woven mail shirt he wore on his chest, The hammered links held; the point could not touch him.” (Line 1549)
How does Beowulf kill Grendel’s mother? A magic sword found in the sunken hall in the lake. “Then he saw, hanging on the wall, a heavy Sword, hammered by giants, strong And blessed with their magic, the best of all weapons…And desperate, lifted it high over his head And struck her with all the strength he had left, caught her in the neck and cut it through, Broke bones and all. Her body fell to the floor lifeless, the sword wet with her blood, and Beowulf rejoiced at the sight.” (Line 1557)
Who does Beowulf thank when he returns from the lake? God. “Unferth’s noble weapon, could do nothing, Nor could I, until the Ruler of the world Showed me, hanging shining and beautiful on a wall, a mighty old sword-So God gives guidance to those who can find it from no one Else.” (Line 1660)

You Might Also Like