Beowulf Final Questions

What is Beowulf’s vow to the Danes prior to his departure? Beowulf vows that he will always protect the Danes from neighboring tribes that wish to wrong the group as others have done in the past. He will bring a thousand thanes and heroes to help in the battle. To Hygelac, Beowulf will bring a grove of grey-tipped spears and strength, To Hrethric, Beowulf’s new brother, he will find many friends when he wishes to come to the Geats.
Describe Hrothgar’s final words to Beowulf. What realization does the old king make? He tells Beowulf that he has never encountered a man of Beowulf’s age that contains so much intelligence and strength. He states that if Hrethel was to die in battle, Beowulf would be the most appropriate choice to take over. Finally, Hrothgar says that as long as he is in power, the two countries will exchange wealth.
Describe Hygelac’s queen. How is she received by the Geats? Hygelac’s queen is Hygd whom was young and wise, yet also discreet for living only a few years in the court. She gave out generous treasures, but as for how she was received, the Geats didn’t dare look at her unless they were the king. However, she employed well and was well liked for it. Also, she had much love for kings of heroes.
Describe Beowulf’s account of his adventures that he relates to his king, Hygelac. Beowulf says that the meeting between was between him and Grendel alone and that he was the sole victor in the battle. He talks about the beauty of Heroet’s mead halls and the servant of the treasure cup, known as Hrothgar’s daughter.
Why might Ingeld and his followers be angry at seeing Beowulf’s ancestral armor and weapons? Ingeld and his followers may be angry when seeing all the gifts that Beowulf has been given and the feasts dedicated to him because they receive no credit in their work to be victorious, instead Beowulf is given all the credit. For example, when discussing the battle with Grendel and with Grendel’s mother, Beowulf talks of only how and what he was successful with followed by the gifts he was granted following his success.
How does Hygelac reward Beowulf for his feats? Golden treasures were laid in the lap of Beowulf, along with an estate of seven thousand hides, a chief’s stool and a hall. Most importantly, he received land from Hygelac.
Who is king after Hygelac? How does he die? Hygelac was killed in battle. Following the king’s death, Heardred, his son was left to take the throne.
What large event happens fifty years into Beowulf’s reign? The angry dragon appears and Beowulf must battle him.
Why did the slave steal from the dragon? What was his motivations?
The slave stole the golden treasure cup. The slave when struck with fear felt it was necessary to take the cup, thus this was his motivation.
How did the dragon’s tower come to have so many riches? The dragon resided in a location that another man had previously his his treasures in. When the man died, the dragon discovered the treasures buried and has continued to protect them since.
Describe how the dragon discovered the riches. The dragon came upon the treasures accidentally.
What does Beowulf think has brought on the wrath of the dragon? Beowulf is grief stricken when he discovers that the dragon has engulfed his home with flames after he is unable to find the stolen golden treasure cup. He then believes he is to blame for the wrath of the dragon because he angered the Lord by breath of ancient law.
Describe the dragon’s “hidden home”. The dragon’s hidden home was covered by stones underground.
Why does Beowulf again recount the glory of day’s past before taking on a battle with the dragon? Beowulf wants to boast and prove that he is strong enough and courageous enough to take on such a monster. He explains all that he has done and says that he will again achieve glory for his people. Yet, I also believe that Beowulf recounts these days to boost his own confidence.
How does Beowulf feel about his upcoming battle against the dragon? His mood is strong, he feels he is prepared.
Why does Beowulf announce that he is going to face the dragon alone? He believes that this affair is not for the other men, it is meant for Beowulf alone due to his strength. He announces that he will, “win this gold ; war otherwise shall take your king, terrible life’s bane.”
What do Beowulf’s men do as he is taking on the dragon? The men flee to the wood to save their lives, Beowulf battles alone.
Identify Wiglaf Wiglaf, Weoxstan’s son, feels that it is his duty to help his lord, Beowulf, because the warrior hand selected him and his partners. When the others flee, Wiglaf says he will help Beowulf battle the fiery dragon.
What prior battle experience has Wiglaf experienced? Wiglaf was a Shylfing warrior who had lived with the Waegmundings. Not to mention, being around his father Weohstan gained him some experience.
Describe the effectiveness of Beowulf’s sword, Nagling. The sword is ineffective considering it snaps when Beowulf is attempting to use it on the dragon.
Describe how Beowulf and Wiglaf join forces to slay the dragon. Wiglaf ignored the upper half of the body and instead stabbed the dragon below. However, Beowulf also stabbed the dragon with a knife that he carried in his harness.
What is Beowulf’s dying wish? Beowulf wishes for two things, the first being to give his battle garments to his own son. Second, he asked Wiglaf to show him the treasures obtained by the dragon such as drinking cups and battle armour.
How does Beowulf react when he sees the treasure? He is thrilled and overly thankful to God.
What are his funeral instructions? Why? Build him a tomb after fire on the land by the sea so that there is a reminder of him to his people. Also, so that ocean travelers will later name it after the warriors as their ships travel through over the sea.
After both Beowulf and the dragon are slain, how do Beowulf’s followers behave? What does Wiglaf say to them? The weak men return from the woods, now acting as if they will be of assistance. Wiglaf says that too few of them returned to defend the king, Beowulf, thus he calls them a disgrace. He also says that, the receiving of treasures shall disappear, along with kingsman becoming wanderers when word of the flee becomes known.
According to the messenger who announces Beowulf’s death to his people, what might the Geats expect now from their enemie? Attacks of war from enemies, such as the Frisians, the Swedish and the Franks now that Beowulf will no longer be able to protect them and the others know they are vulnerable.
Wiglaf decrees that all the treasure should be burned. What is his reason for this? He believes that no man is worthy of the treasure other than Beowulf, instead it should all be burned instead of granting someone with something they are unworthy of.
What role does fate play in Beowulf’s demise, according to Wiglaf? Wiglaf tells the people that it was by fate that Beowulf was killed
What do the Geats do with the dragon’s body? They chose to rid of the dragon’s body as quickly as possible by pushing it over a cliff into the water, letting the waves take him.
Describe Beowulf’s funeral pyre. The funeral pyre was just as Beowulf had wished, there were shiny metal coats, shields and helmets all hung upon the pyre. On top of the mound, the men then constructed a huge fire that black wood-smoke arose from. Finally, they build a large memorial for the fallen leader.
What is the role of the twelve horsemen who surround Beowulf’s monument? They are to remember the warrior’s legacy as a hero and a king through storytelling and singing. In addition, they are to protect what is inside of the tomb such as torques and jewels.
Upon seeing Grendel’s bloody arm swinging high from the “gold-shining roof” of Herot, what is Hrothgars proclamation? Hrothgar proclaims that from now on he shall love Beowulf as a son. Beowulf shall lack nothing as long as Hrothgar can provide it, He says, “Now, Beowulf, best of heroes, I shall heartily love thee.
Describe Unferth’s reaction to seeing the arm of Grendel Unferth gives Beowulf his ancestral sword, Hrunting,
What were Hrothgar’s gift to Beowulf for removing the threat of Grendel to the Danes? a banner, a breast plate, and a helmet. Then, Beowulf drinks to the king’s health and Beowulf is addtionally presented with eight majestic stallions each bearing a jewelled saddle, one of which is Hrothgar’s itself.
What gifts does Hrothgar give to Beowulf’s men? gold and treasures
How were the bodies of the dead disposed of in Anglo-Saxon times? burned over a pyre
Who are the two sons of Hrothergar and Welthow? Why are they permitted at the victory feast? Hrethric was his elder son and Hrothmund was younger
What gifts does Welthrow give to Beowulf at the feast? what are here words to Beowulf about her sons? She gives Beowulf a necklace and she tells him to protect them.
why did the danes sleep with their armor on? So they are ready to battle any time
How long had Grendel’s mother dewelt in the cold, murky and subterranean lake? 1,000 of years
What is Grendel’s mothers motive to coming to Herot Getting revenge for Grendel
Whom does she snatch up? Aeschere
What individuals had witnessed the two friends prior to the time of the attacks on herot? Hrothgar
Describe the location of the place where Grendel lived with his mother It was placed in a swamp that was underground
According to Beowulf- What is the only thing that survives death? Reputation
What do Hrothgar’s men discover on their search for Grendel’s mother Aeschere’s head
Describe the lake that serves as the entrance to Grendel’s mother lair It’s soaked with blood and theres many monsters
What equipment does Beowulf adorn as he goes in pursiot of Grendel’s mother? How is this different from what he wore in his battle with Grendel. He’s wearing full body armor while he was fighting Grendel he was basically naked
What is the significance of the sword Hrunting? Hrunting is the name of the sword that Unferth, one of the Danes, gives to Beowulf when he goes to fight Grendel’s dam (mother).
Describe the encounter Beowulf has with Grendel’s mother. How effective were his weapon? It’s pretty even buy then Beowulf picks up a weapon that was the greatest of all time and he literally bends Grendel’s mom over and rapes her with it. Literally.
How does Beowulf eventualy slay Grendel’s Mother? He uses the Sword of the Giants and slices her throat
What does Beowulf do with the body of Grendel that he finds lying in the corner of the lair. He be-heads Grendel and bring its back as a trophy
What is happening on the surface with Hrothgars men while Beowulf is fighting under the lake There losing faith in Beowulf and everyone leaves beside beowulfs men
What happens to the “magnificent sword”? It breaks down due to all the blood from the sea monsters
What does Beowulf take with him as souvenirs of his victory over the demons? Grendel’s head and the hilt of the Magnificent sword
What “trophy” does Beowulf give to Hrothgar as a symbol of his victory over the demons Grendel’s head
To what does Beowulf attribute his victory over Grendel’s mother in his audience with Hrothgar God
Describe Hrothgars reaction to what is written on the hilt of the sword? what is it? sword hilt was ancient artifact, and engraved on the sword was the origin of the prehistoric conflict when the flood and rushing oceans destroyed the race of giants. The sword was made of magnificent gold and all around it was a runic verse, for which the serpentine ornamented sword, best among blades, was designed in ancient blades.
What has Hrothgars to say of the role of pride for a leader?
Why does Hrothgar decide to build a mighty hall? What does he call it? After Hrothgar led the Danes to victory, he commemorated his victory by building a mighty mead hall. He called the hall Herot.
What transpired in the mead hall to evoke the anger of the monster? The monster dweeling down in the darkness is angered by the music in the hall, by the song of the poet retelling the history of the Danes, and by the sounds of rejoicing.
What is Grendel’s lineage? Grendel described as being spawned in slime by two of the monsters who were descendants of the Biblical character, Cain, who was banished from God for committing the murder of his brother, Abel.
Why has Grendel been exiled? Grendel has been exiled, together with all monsters, goblins, and forms of evil-by the Almighty- condemned to live beneath the earth.
What happens during Grendel’s first visit to Herot? When does this occur? Grendel finds Hrothgar’s men asleep in the Herot. He snatches up thrity me, smashes them, and runs out with their bodies
How long does Grendel haunt Herot? Twelve winters
Why doesn’t Grendel attack Hrothgar? Hrothgar is protected by God.
How does Beowulf react when he hears of the plight of the Danes and Hrothgar? Beowulf selects the bravest of soldiers in Geatland and travels across the seas to help.
Why does Beowulf introduce himself by recounting his heritage? Why has he come? Beowulf wants to impress those who do not know him, assert his authority so others will follow him into battle against Grendel, and make clear to all present that he alone deserves the honor of killing the monster.
Describe Beowulf’s boasts upon meeting Hrothgar, king of the Danes. Beowulf greets Hrothgar by regailing him with stories of his great strength and prior exploits. Beowulf drove giants into chains and chased them from the earth, and has hunted monsters out of the ocean.
What one request does Beowulf make of Hrothgar? Beowulf asks Hrothgar to allow him and his men alone to drive Grendel from Herot.
If Beowulf loses the battle with Grendel, what are his instructions for after his death? Beowulf tell Hrothgar that if Grendel defeats him, the Danish king should send the mail of his armor to Higlac, and return the inheritance he had from Hrethel.
How did Hrothgar become king? What is the past relationship to the Geats? Hrothgar’s older brother, Hergar, was king and died, making Hrothgar king. Hrothgar worked with Beowulf’s father, Edgetho, to secure an earlier peace.
What is the purpose of the feast that Hrothgar hosts in Beowulf’s honor? The feast is to honor Beowulf and his men before they head off to face Grendel.
Why does Unferth seem to be perplexed by Beowulf’s stories? How does he address Beowulf? Unferth is a Danish nobleman who is angry that any warrior anywhere has achieved greater glory than he has. Enferth call Beowulf a “boastful fool”.
Describe Unferth’s tale of the swimming competition between Brecca and Beowulf. Unferth tells the story of a swimming competition between Beowulf and Brecca that lasted for seven long nights and ended with the sea carrying Brecca home to victory – not far from the shores of his native Norway.
What is Beowulf’s version of the swimming competition with Brecca? Bewoulf recounts that he swam side by side with Brecca for five nights until a storm carried him away where he was attacked by sea monsters. He killed nine monsters before washing up on a Finnish beach.
Who is Welthow? How is she described? Welthow is Hrothgar’s “gold-ringed Queen.” She is described as a noble woman who knows “what is right.”
What is Hrothgar’s declaration to Beowulf at the end of Chapter 9? Hrothgar pledges his life-long friendship to Bewoulf, declaring that “wheresoever you go, wheresoever I am, should you need help, my friend, I will be there.”
How does Grendel respond when he comes to Herot? Describe his reaction to seeing the sleeping Geats. Grendel tears the hinges off the door at Herot and is thrilled at the sight of the sleep Geats- expecting to fill his belly with their meat.
Describe the struggles between Beowulf and Grendel. Herot trembles as Beowulf and Grendel fight to the death. Beowulf’s prowess causes Grendel to shriek in agonizing pain.
At the conclusion of the battle between Beowulf and Grendel, What transpires? Grendel is no match for Beowulf, who rips the monster’s arm from its socket and leaves Grendel mortally wounded, running back to his cave.
Describe the lake into which Grendel vanished. The lake into which Grendel vanished was steaming and boiling with blood, and it was very wavy.

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