Jutes, Angles, and Saxons started out. Who were the early invaders/occupants of Great Britain?
long, narrative poem What is an epic poem?
Gauls Celtic people
Britons Celtic people living in Britain
Picts left over group of Celtic people living in Britain
Gaels Celtic people living in Ireland
Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians What Germanic tribes lived in the Anglo Saxon period?
Britons- Pagans. worshipped spirits of nature
Caesar Who were the Romans led by?
Kent What is Kingdom of the Jutes?
wyrd to believe in fate
forced Vikings to accept Christianity. Who was Alfred the Great?
He established a monastery in Kent at Canterbury to spread Christianity. Who was St. Augustine?
Basically, they went from Pagan to Christian. Basically, they went from Pagan to Christian.
affliction when someone is in pain, either physically or mentally
cowering to hide behind something in fear
fetter a type of restraint that goes around the ankles
gorge to eat a large amount
infamous popular for something bad
lament a cry of sadness
livid black and blue
loathsome to cause great dislike, hatred; nasty
murky dark, hard to see through
pilgrimage a long journey, sometimes for religious purposes
purge to get rid of something unwanted
relish to really enjoy something
talon a claw
taught to be pulled tight
writhing to squirm around in discomfort
Grendel came and terrorized the mead halls, and people either ran away from Herot or were killed by Grendel. King Hrothgar’s hall has been deserted for twelve years. Explain why.
Beowulf wins What is the outcome of Beowulf’s battle with Grendel?
Grendel’s mother comes and takes/kills Hrothgar’s best man. What follows this outcome that brings further sorrow to King Hrothgar?
It is described as a Hell like place, in the water Describe the setting where Beowulf fights Grendel’s mother.
Beowulf mainly just wants to be remembered, but also so sailors can see it from far away. At the end of the selection, why does Beowulf ask Wiglaf to build him a tomb and call it Beowulf’s tower?
alliteration What is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words?
Beowulf, King of the Geats, goes to Denmark, land of the Danes, to help Hrothgar as a favor to him, because his father did not. Beowulf defeats Grendel, defeats Grendel’s mother, and then goes back to Sweden and rules peacefully for 50 years until a dragon is upset by a thief stealing a cup from his tower. Beowulf battles the dragon, ends up dying, passes his heir along to Wiglaf, and a tower is built in Beowulf’s name. What is the main summary?
epic What is a long narrative poem that celebrates a hero’s deeds?
An epic usually are based in historical fact. Epics are written in poem like forms, and the characters usually give long speeches. They have Kennings and stock epithets as well. Describe an epic
stock epithets. What is an adjective that point out special traits of particular people or things?
kennings. EX: rather than saying Grendel, they say “sin stained demon” What are poetic synonyms that are descriptive phrases?
scops What are poets that recite poems in a chanting voice and accompany themselves on a harp?

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