Beowulf a great warrior, goes to Denmark on a successful mission to kill Grendel; he returns home to Geatland, where he becomes king and slays a dragon before dying; poem; alliterative verse, elegy, small scale heroic epic; author unknown; setting around 500 AD
Grendel A demon descended from Cain, Grendel preys on Hrothgar’s warriors in the king’s mead-hall, Heorot. Because his ruthless and miserable existence is part of the retribution exacted by God for Cain’s murder of Abel, Grendel fits solidly within the ethos of vengeance that governs the world of the poem.
Grendel mother underwater cave, just as bad as her son, kills hrothgars friend
Hrothgar He is the King of the Danes at the time of Grendel’s assaults. He builds the hall Heorot as a tribute to his people and his reign.
Heorot Hrothgar’s mead hall
dragon A great cranky beast that rules over a vast hoard of treasure. He provides a vision of the world as essentially meaningless and empty. Throughout the novel, Grendel frequently finds himself weighing the fatalistic words of this beast against the beautiful words of the Shaper. Some critics hold that this character is not actually a separate character, but rather a personified aspect of Grendel’s own mind. Although Grendel only visits him once, he feels its presence throughout the novel.
what is an epic poem? a long narrative poem telling the great deeds of a hero of above average stregth
what is an epic hero? A brave and noble character in an epic poem, admired for great achievements or affected by grand events.
when was Beowulf written? Between 700-1000 AD
who is Hrothgar? king of the danes
What was the name of Hrothgar’s great hall? Heorot
what biblical figure is grendel related to? Cain
whats does grendel do at night? kills Hrothgar men in the mead hall
why does the mead hall remain empty for 12 years? grendel kills anyone who is in the mead hall
why does Grendel not just kill Hrothgar and take his throne? It is being protected by God.
What does Beowulf intend to fight Grendel with? his hands
what do Unferth and Beowulf argue about? about the swim race
after fighting Grendel, what does beowulf give to Hrothgar to hang in the great hall? Grendel’s arm
who is the monster that Beowulf must face after defeating Grendel? Grendel’s mother
why does this monster want decide to kill Hrothgar’s men? ravage her son’s death
how does Beowulf defeat the monster? he cuts her in half
what does he take back to hrothgar as a war prize? Grendel’s head
where does beowulf go after he defeats the second monster? home
what position does beowulf eventually hold in his home kingdom? he becomes king
in Beowulf’s third battle, is he old or young? old
who must he face? the dragon
why does this monster awaken? his treasure was stolen from him
Who decides to help Beowulf? Wiglaf
What do the rest of the men decided to do? run away
what is their enmeshment for doing that? life of shame
what do the men do to the dragon’s body after it is defeated? they pushed the body over the cliff and let the ocean take it

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