Name the characteristics of an epic hero 1. hero of noble birth/ high position in society2. legendary importance3. character traits= reflect important ideals of society4. deeds reflect values of era5. performs actions that often determine fate of nation
epic tradition epics were orally passed down for a long time until someone finally wrote it down
conventions of an epic reflect larger than life eventssetting=bigplot=journey/questsupernatural elementdialogue- formal speechestheme- timeless values/ universal ideasstyle- formal (diction/word choice is serious in tone)
define alliteration and give an example from Beowulf repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words, which helps unify the linesexample:: “in secret sessions…”
Define kenning and give an example from Beowuld poetic synonyms found in Germanic poems, descriptive phrase or compound word that substitutes for a nounexample: the Lord Almighty
Describe Herot Herot is a mead hall built by Hrothgar, King of the Danes. His subjects conjugate there // like a bar. This is the place Grendel invaded.
describe Grendel’s lair. How does it compare to Herot? slimy, marsh, like hell,
What is the significance of Grendel being descended from Cain? Cain was the first murderer, who killed his brother Abel. Grendel is a murderer
Why does Grendel attack Herot?
What are Beowulf’s thoughts as he waits for Grendel’s arrival? He is eager for him to come. He had high hopes that he will destroy him with no weapons and become a hero.
Why does Beowulf wait, allowing Grendel to kill one of the Geats, before he attacks Grendel? He wanted Grendel to think he was sleeping so he could catch him off guard. If he was waiting for him awake Grendel would be prepared to fight him.
Describe the battle between Beowulf and Grendel Grendel goes for Beowulf when he thought he was sleeping but Beowulf catches him off guard and seizes him. Grendel was shocked and only wanted to escape. They battled throughout the mead hall. Grendel gradually began to lose strength and the battle ended when his arm came off, claw and off. He escaped back home, but it was implied he would die.
How does Beowulf wound Grendel he rips his whole arm off
What does Beowulf hang from the rafters of Herot? Grendel’s arm
Describe Grendel’s death He went back to his home swamp to die. The water was nasty and murky and bloody
Describe Beowulf’s attitude at this point in the story He is fearless and cocky and thinks he can do anything.
Why does Grendel’s mother attack Herot? What does she take with her? She attacks for revenge. She took back her son’s arm
Describe the lake the lake is murky and dark. They live deep down, past cliffs and it burns like a torch. No one ever goes as far as they live
describe the battle between Beowulf and Grendel’s mother she takes him to a battle hall. he tries to strike her with a sword bu no sword can hurt her. he get a surge of energy and seized her but she fired right back. she stabbed him but his mail shirt saved him.
How does Beowulf defeat her? he takes a dagger from the wall and strikes her neck which is what finally kills her
What does Beowulf do before he swims back to land? What do Hrothgar and the other warriors think has happened? he finds dead Grendel and chops his head off for final revenge. They thought that Beowulf had died and lost the battle
To what does Beowulf attribute his victory? Why? God because he had made it alive
What 2 things does Beowulf present to Hrothgar? Grendel’s head
What is Beowulf’s attitude at this point in the story? he seeks to be saluted. he is very cocky
Describe how Beowulf becomes king of the Geats his uncle died
Describe what happened to those who held the dragon’s treasure
How does the dragon react when it notices its cup has been stolen? he freaks out and terrorizes the Geats
Why does Beowulf want to fight the dragon alone? He doesn’t think anyone else can do what he means to do
When does Beowulf realize he’s losing the battle with the dragon? What does he do? When the dragon’s fire melts his shield he realizes fate is against him for the first time. He continues anyway.
What do Beowulf’s followers do when they realize he’s losing? What does Wiglaf do? They leave and run but Wiglaf stays to help.
How is the dragon killed? He is killed when Wiglaf strikes him
How is Beowulf killed? he is wounded in the neck which was mortal
What does Wiglaf say to the rest of Beowulf’s followers? He says they should be ashamed because they fled when Beowulf needed them. He called them out for leaving after they promised they would help him fight. He makes them leave.
History of Anglo Saxon Era VIkings attack england
Lit of the Era epic poems, Beowulf
Events 1. Cesar attempted to conquer English Isles–this was the first of many2.
Oral Tradition orally passing on stories
Norman Conquest the war between Harold and William Duke of Norway. William made a deal with Edward the Confessor to take the thrown but Harold was wanted. William led the last successful invasion into England. Battle of Hastings ended it and Harold died.ended Anglo Saxon dominance
Spread of Christianity cultural influence of the Anglo- Saxon era
Healfdane’s Son Hrothgar
Higlac king of the Geats, also Beowulf’s uncle
Wulfgar one of Hrothgar’s soldiers who tells Hrothgar of the Geat’s arrival
Hrethel former king of the Geats- Higlac’s father and Beowulf’s grandfather
Wayland famous blacksmith and magician
Edgetho Beowulf’s father
Wulfing member of another Germanic tribe
Hathlaf who beowulf’s father killed
Hergar Hrothgar’s older brother
Hrunting Beowulf’s sword
55 b.c caesar attemped to conquer the British Isles
Arthur led the Britons
Angles and Saxons fought against Britons
790s Viking raids
Alfred the Great Anglo-Saxon King , unified english, culture flourished
1042 Edward the Confessor took the throne.
Edward the Confessor Edward the Confessor swore his cousin William Duke of Normandy his heir
Harold who the council of nobles and church officials wanted to lead them
1066 Battle of Hastings at which Harold was killed , William the Conqueror crowned king of England on Christmas
wyrd fate, like in battle
871 Alfred the Great becomes king

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