what language was beowulf written in? old english or anglo saxon
what 3 things does beowulf tell Hrothgar to do if he dies? -take care of his people-send gifts to Higlac-give his sword, Hrunting, to Unferth
Hrothgar king of Danes
Higlac Beowulf’s relative and the king of the Geats
Who is Beowulf’s father? Edgetho
What was the name of mead hall? Herot; built by Hrothgar
Setting Herot (mead hall) a place where the community gathers to have feasts, celebrate, and to be entertained
Mead liquid (alcohol) drunk at celebrations
Where did Grendel come from he was a descendant of Cain, who killed his brother Abel, both of which were sons of Adam and Eve. Grendel came from swampy lowlands to listen to music from Herot
how long does Grendel bring terror to Herot? 12 years
where does Beowulf live? Geatland
Cain oldest son of Adam and Eve, and murdered his brother Abel
who is the author? no known author
time and place written between 700 and 1000 a.d.; written in England
narrator A Christian narrator telling a story of pagan times
narration 3rd person
who did Grendel’s mother kill? Auschere or Ester (Hrothgar Best Friend)
Mail flexible body armor made of metal
who is Beowulf’s father Edgetho, also called Ecgtheow
why does Beowulf not want to use weapons Beowulf does not want to use weapons b/c it shows weakness and Lord Higlac might think less of him
King Hrethel The Geatish king who took Beowulf in as a ward after the death of Ecgtheow, Beowulf’s father.
Unferth , envious of his kinsmen’s admiration of Beowulf, begins to taunt the Geat.
when the other Geats tried to fight Grendel, why didnt it work? While they fight, the other Geats try to hurt Grendel from the sides, but even the sharpest iron and weapons could not put a scratch on him because Grendel put a spell on their weapons
battle of grendel Beowulf fights with him, but no weapon on earth is capable of harming Grendel. Beowulf summons even greater strength and rips Grendel’s arm completely out of its socket. Fatally wounded, Grendel slinks back to his swampy home to die. Back in the mead-hall, Beowulf holds up his glory trophy in triumph. He proudly hangs the arm high on the wall of Heorot as proof of his victory.
battle with grendel’s mother Beowulf and her fight but he can’t hurt her with his sword, HruntingShe got on top of him and tried to stab him, but he was protected by his armorHe found a massive sword hanging on the wall and he used it to cut her head off and she diedStill angry, Beowulf found Grendel’s body lying in the corner, and cuts his head off
what does Beowulf take from the monsters hall? The monster’s hall was full of many treasures but all Beowulf took was Grendel’s head and hilt of the sword
what happened to Grendel’s sword during battle with grendel’s mother The blade of the sword had dissolved in Grendel’s steaming blood
how long does Beowulf rule Geatland after he was declared king of Geatland? Beowulf and his Geats then go back home, where he is now King. He rules Geatland for 50 years and then a dragon comes and menaces his kingdomBeowulf boasts about no one but him is strong enough to fight the dragonThey fight, and the fire melts his armor so Beowulf fights with fate against him
battle with dragon Beowulf boasts about no one but him is strong enough to fight the dragonThey fight, and the fire melts his armor so Beowulf fights with fate against himBeowulf is losing, and all the other warriors run away except for Wiglaf who helps him fight. They both kill the Dragon, but Beowulf dies to. Before he dies, he tells Wiglaf to bring him the treasure that the Dragon was guarding. Wiglaf was Wexstan’s son
Wiglaf the only warrior who didnt run away during the battle with the dragon and he helps Beowulf kill the dragon
what happens after battle with dragon? Wiglaf does, and Beowulf tells him to take care of his people because his time is up. He asks Wiglaf to have the Geats build him a tomb and call it “Beowulf’s Tower” so sailors can see it and remember himBeowulf gives him his ring, helmet, necklace, and mail shirt to Wiglaf and tells him to use it well

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