AQA Literature Paper 1 Romeo and Juliet and A Christmas Carol Quotes.

Abraham: Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?Sampson: I do bite my thumb, sir.(Act 1 Scene 1) An insult. This links with the violence and conflict as a central them of the play. In performance may also be physical or comical highlighting the ridiculous nature of the feud. This also shows that all levels of society are implicated in the conflict.
But, soft, what light through yonder window breaks?It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.(Romeo, Act 2 Scene 1) This shows the themes of light and dark as Romeo compares Juliet to the sun and the breaking dawn. This will represent Juliet as a new day for him as he has now forgotten Rosaline. Iambic pentameter is used to emphasise his love and links to his poets passions and themes of courtly love.
That which we call a rose By any other word would smell as sweet.(Juliet, Act 2 Scene 1) Images of nature are used to express ideas of love. This is also introducing the idea that a name will not prevent Juliet’s love but is a barrier for them. She is considering the feud and questions why Romeo’s name should be a obstacle.
Parting is such sweet sorrow.(Juliet, Act 2 Scene 1) Juliet’s language is just as poetic as Romeo and if often more complex and mature. This can link to the contradictions and duality in the play and the use of alliteration/sibilance emphasises the sentiment.
These violent delights have violent ends.(Friar Laurence, Act 2 Scene 5) Foreshadowing and a warning against strong passions. This links with the cautionary message of Shakespeare’s source material and can be linked to the religious conflict in England the idea that passion and strongly held ideals are damaging. Shakespeare gets away with this hidden message because the setting of the play is Italy a place known for strong passions.
A plague o’ both your houses!(Mercutio, Act 3 Scene 1) Mercurio has been Romeo’s friend his love of Juliet and wish to avoid the fight with Tybalt has directly led to his death. Plague was a reality in Tudor times and this also reinforces ideas of death and fate foreshadowing the deaths at the end.
Hang thee, young baggage, disobedient wretch!I tell thee what: get thee to church o’Thursday, Or never after look me in the face. (Capulet, Act 3 Scene 5) Capulet turns on Juliet. This can be used to highlight the political nature of love and marriage. The authority and forcefulness of Capulet as the head of the family. The difference in the power of the sexes.
O happy dagger, This is thy sheath: there rust, and let me die.(Juliet, Act 5 Scene 3) The personification and oxymoron here speak of being happy in death. Juliet has considered suicide before. This links with the structure of the tragedy and would shock the audience. This could be used to discuss violence and she is doing violence on herself. If we were to stretch the ideas we could find sexual ideas and images in dagger and sheath. The fact that the lovers have slept together is part of the original warning tale. Love is meant to be pure and courtly and chaste but Romeo and Juliet have rushed into sex and now paid the price.
“For never was a story of more woe [t]han this of Juliet and her Romeo.” (5.3.317-318) In the last two lines of the play, Prince Escalus remarks on the lives of Juliet and Romeo. He’s saying that no other tale has been this sad. While Escalus is right, his words also allow for the enduring quality of Romeo and Juliet’s love. Their classic love story has been told and retold to every generation since first hitting the stage in 1594.
ROMEO[To JULIET] If I profane with my unworthiest handThis holy shrine, the gentle fine is this:My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready standTo smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.1.5.91-108 This exchange, Romeo and Juliet’s first, is suitably passionate while also introducing the idea that their relationship transcends traditional religious expectation. The lovers speak in a sonnet that invokes the images of saints and pilgrims. Shakespeare’s choice to use a sonnet – a highly structured form – suggests that their love represents order. The sonnet refers to the fact that Romeo’s name translates to ‘pilgrim’ in Italian, but it is more significant for its sacrilegious use of the imagery. Romeo and Juliet use religious images in a sexualized manner, which would most certainly have been considered sacrilegious. This conveys to the audience that the love between Romeo and Juliet exists despite the complications in the world around them. Therefore, as the sonnet implies, the only way for them to pursue their feelings is to create their own little world.
JULIETDo not swear at all;Or, if thou wilt, swear by thy gracious self,Which is the god of my idolatry,And I’ll believe thee.2.1.154-157 This short line from the balcony scene explores the idea that true love requires both parties to be a self-contained unit. Juliet encourages this idea by suggesting that she will believe Romeo only if he swears to himself, rather than to a heavenly power. Romeo tries to swear by the moon, but Juliet remarks that because the moon waxes and wanes, it is too unreliable. Instead, she says, “Or if thou wilt, swear by thy gracious self.” Shakespeare often has characters encourage each other to be true to themselves first – and if they can, it is a sign that they can also be true to others. In this context, the characters must accept their individual identities (rather than their family names) in order to experience true love. By stressing this point, Juliet invokes the insular, selfish nature of love that defines her relationship with Romeo throughout the play.
Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical! / Dove feathered raven! Wolvish-ravening lamb! / Despised substance of divinest show! / A damned saint, an honorable villain! (III, ii, 73-79). uliet can’t quite wrap her mind around the fact that Romeo has killed her cousin. Shakespeare’s brilliant use of oxymorons emphasizes Juliet’s confused state.

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