AP Lit Hamlet Test

Shakespeare was born in April 23rd, 1564
Shakespeare was born and died in Stratford Upon Avon
Shakespeare’s wife was called Anne Hathaway
Shakespeares 2 mistresses were called Dark Lady and Fair Youth
How many sonnets did Shakespeare write? 154
What was the acting troop called that Shakespeare wrote for The Lord Chamberlain’s Men
Hamlet was published circa 1603 to be specific
Hamlet was published on the cusp between what to eras? The elizabethan (elizabeth I 1558-1603) and the Jacobean (king james I 1603-1625)
1600s in England was a period of English Renaissance and Reformation
The English Renaissance and Reformation meant that art and science was ___ at the time flourishing
The English Renaissance and Reformation came after the ____ and marked the beginning of ____ and changing _____ Middle Age depression, humanism, religion
2 examples of historical allusions that Hamlet is tied too Seneca (Greek revenge tragedist) and King Amleth (Danish revenge tragedy – story the play was based off – Amleth was the actual prince of denmark in 1000s)
Shakespeare’s father was called John Shakespeare
Shakespeare’s mother was called Mary Arden
Shakespeare went to grammar school and studied classical greek and latin, did he go to University? No
Was Anne older or younger than William S when they got married in 1582 Older – she was 26 he was 18
What was Shakes first kid called? Susanna
What was Shakes 2nd kid called Hamnet and Judith (they were twins)
What cool building did Shakes build The Globe Theatre
Shakespeare died on his birthday, 1616
Shakes left all his money to ___ and not Anne (sadface) Susanne
Aspects of Aristole’s Tragedy Hero has flaw of character, hubris causes hamartia (tragic downfall), peripety (turning point, change in fortune) ,pathos (tragedy), catharsis (emotional cleansing).
Aspects of Seneca’s Revenge Tragedy: Involves secret murder, ghostly figures, enact revenge, sub play, feigned madness, death.
Marlowe Bacon Johnson and Spenser were all accused of Helping Shakespeare
Hamlet is set where and when In the middle ages (1300-1500) in Elsinore, Denmark
Fortinbras is the prince of Norway
Horatio is hamlet’s college friend
3 Major themes A quest for revenge spurs conflict. One may blur appearances and reality, truth and lies. Love can lead to madness.
hamartia tragic flaw which causes a character’s downfall
peripety Reversal in the hero’s fortunes.
anagnorisis The change from ignorance to knowledge
mimesis An artistic imitation or representation of reality
catharsis Purification that brings emotional relief or renewal
Theatron “Seeing place” where the audience sat
Dramatic Irony Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play.
Mythos focuses on values and beliefs embedded in cultural narratives or stories
Motif A recurring subject, theme, or idea in a literary work.
Pathos Suffering and human compassion
Skene A long building that served as the backdrop for the action and as a dressing room.
Frame Story a story within a story
Hamlet was considered a problem play and revenge play
6 elements of a tragedy plot, character, thought, diction, melody, spectacle
Litotes ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary (e.g., you won’t be sorry, meaning you’ll be glad ).
“With an auspicious and a dropping eye. With mirth in funeral and dirge in marriage.” (who,speaker, context, lit t, theme) 1.2 – Claudius, crowd, half of me happy cause marriage, half of me sad because dead hamlet, juxaposition and irony, one may blur appearances and reality.
“A little more than kin and less than kind.” 1.2- Hamlet, audience/himself, “We’re double related now, and that’s weird.” – Hamlet on Claudius quick marriage to his madre, foreshadowing, irony, quest for revenge can spur (future) conflicts
“This above all else, to thine own self be true.” 1.3 Polonius, Laertes, L is about to leave, and P wants to dump some wisdom on him, foreshadowing, one may blur truth and lies
“Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.” 1.4. Marcellus, Horatio, Hamlet has just run off after the ghost and Horatio and Marcellus decide to follow him, foreshadowing, one can determine the future based on the actions of others
“Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive against thy mother aught.” 1.5, King Hamlet, Hamlet, the ghost is talking to Hamlet, saying don’t harm his mother. the ghost wants the mother spared, personification of mind, A quest for revenge spurs conflict.; family allegiance trumps all
“The time is out of joint. O cursed spite. That ever I was born to set it right.” 1.5 Hamlet, King Hamlet, The ghost has just told Hamlet what he must do to avenge his death, apostrophe (cursed spite), A quest for revenge spurs conflict
“I did repel his letters and deny his access to me.” 2.1Ophelia, Polonius, Polonius is wondering why Hamlets cray, he asks Ophelia if she’s been keeping away from him, Zeugma (Repel letters and access), Love can lead to madness.
“Brevity is the soul of wit…your noble son is mad. Mad is call it.” 2.2 Polonius, Claudius (and gertrude), Polonius is trying to convince them that their son has gone mad (becauseOphelia denied her love to him), irony (quote isn’t brief), love can lead to madness
“The very substance of ambition is merely the shadow of a dream.” 2.2 Guildenstern, Rosencrantz and Hamlet, Hamlet says he hates denmark because he has bad dreams, Guild says fear not, that means your ambitious, foreshadowing, paradox, allegory (mind=light), revenge can spur conflict, one may blur truth and lies
“What a piece of work is man, how noble in reason, how infinite in faculties.” Hamlet, Ros and Guild, “i know why they sent you because i feel cray, but man kind is so cool”, anaphora (how), love can lead to madness
“The play’s the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the King.” Hamlet, himself, in his rant he decides to use play within play to catch claud, catch – metaphor, revenge can spur conflict
“To be or not to be: that is the question.” Hamlet, himself (C and P are there tho), “should i kill myself or nah?”, aporia (state of struggle), love can lead to madness, ham is weak
“Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners?” Hamlet, Ophelia, Ham is crazy but kinda trying to protect O, analogy, love can lead to madness, ham is weak
“Give me some light. Away.” Claudius, everyone, he just saw the play (Murder of Gonzago), light metaphor for guilt, A quest for revenge spurs conflict.
“The lady doth protest too much methinks.” 3.2 Gertrude, Claudius, watching the play, talking about the wife of the guy that dies – she thinks she’s overdoing it with her loyalty to him (the actress says she’ll never ever remarry, it would be treason), ironic, One may blur appearances and reality
“O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven; It hath the primal eldest curse upon’t.” 3.3 Claudius, himself, “Oh, my crime is so rotten it stinks all the way to heaven. It has the mark of Cain on it, a brother’s murder.”, allusion to religion, power of guilt, A quest for revenge spurs conflict.
“These words like daggers enter in my ears. No more, sweet Hamlet” 3.4 Gertrude, Hamlet, Ham is calling Gert out on being a butthol, Ham stabs Pol, then acts cray, Gert’s conscious can’t take it, similie, love can lead to madness
“But we will ship him hence and this vile deed.” 4.1 Claudius, Gertrude, Claud- “no fear, were gonna ditch hamlet and all my guilt, lets “protect him” now that he’s killed polo, he can’t stay here”, zeugma, one may blur appearances and reality
“My thoughts be bloody or be nothing worth.” 4.4 Hamlet, himself, Fortinbras being so awesome and devoted to this tiny bit of land makes Ham step it up, how thousands of men are about to be killed and feels ashamed about the fact that he cannot even bring himself to kill one. irony. A quest for revenge spurs conflict., ham is weak
“Let come what comes, only I’ll be revenged most thoroughly for my father.” 4.5 Laertes, Claud, Gert, “Whatever happens, happens, but I’ll get revenge for my father’s murder.” After finding out that his dad kicked the can, personification earlier, A quest for revenge spurs conflict
“I do not know from what part of the world I should be greeted, if not from Lord Hamlet.” 4.6 Horatio, Servant, sevant says sailor has a letter for him, it actually is from Ham, ham says he was attacked by pirates, A quest for revenge spurs conflict
“Til that her garments heavy with their drink pull’d the poor wretch from her melodious lay to muddy death.” Gertrude, L and C, describing ophelias death, duality of muddy, love can cause madness
“Alas poor Yorick, I knew him Horatio, a fellow of infinite jest.” 5.1 Hamlet, Horatio, Ham sees the skull of his old jester, Yorick when he’s walking past a grave digger digging for new grave, irony cause jester, everyone must die, rich or poor
“The devil take thy soul.” Laertes, Hamlet, Laertes and Hamlet both jump into the grave and start fighting, love can cause madness, a quest for revenge spurs conflict
“Here’s to thy health. Give me the cup.” 5.2 Claudius, servant, Claudius is trying to make Hamlet drink out of the poisoned cup but Gertrude ends up accidentally (?) drinking the poison, irony, One may blur appearances and reality, truth and lies.
“Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, sweet Prince. And flight of angels sing thee to thy rest” Horatio, dead Hamlet, Hamlet just died from poisoned sword, cracks – person, a quest for revenge spurs conflict
For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune. Fortinbras, Horatio, Ham said we wanted Fort to have everything (denmark) before he died, Fort is sad but happy, a quest for revenge spurs conflict, and death.
What was Shakes first kid called? Susanna

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