Ap English IV – Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Vocabulary & Literary Terms

Predicate nominative A noun or pronoun in the nominative or common case (marking the subject of the verb) completing the meaning of copula (the verb be connecting a subject and complement)
Satyr A sylvan deity in Greek mythology having certain characteristics of a horse or goat and fond of Dionysian revelry (a lecherous man)
Filial Of, relating to, or befitting a son of daughter
Obsequious Compliant
Condolement Sympathy with another in sorrow
Impious Lacking in reverence or proper respect for someone
Exhortative Serving to strongly encourage
Ingratiating Capable of winning favor
Aphorism A concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words
Anaphora One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences
Apostrophe Turning away from the audience to address someone new
Litotes Opposite of hyperbole; intensifies an idea by understatement
Syllepsis A grammatically correct construction in which one word is placed in the same grammatical relationship to two words but in quite different senses
Chiasumus Grammatical structure of the first clause of phrase is reversed in the second, sometimes repeating the same words.
Oxymoron Contradiction; two contradicting terms or ideas used together
Euphemism A mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
Metonymy Designation of one thing with something closely associated with it
Synecdoche A trope in which a part signifies the whole or vice verse
Pun A play on words based on the similarity of sounds between two words with different meanings
Allusion Brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object
Metaphor Saying one thing in terms of something else (direct comparison of unlike things)
Personification Attributing human qualities to an inanimate object
Rhetorical question Questions that do not require an answer
Explication Interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text
Resolve settle or find a solution to (a problem, dispute, contentious matter, or a course of action)
Self-deprecating To express disapproval of oneself
Insensible Incapable or berefet of feeling or sensation
Lament To mourn aloud
Conceit Conceive, understand; a result of mental activity (individual opinion)

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