Antigone Quote Identification + Odes

MessengerExodus, messenger is explaining the role Fate has in our lives, how Creon has lost everything (his family, rule, victory)Asks the question, what’s the point of living if everything you live for is gone? “He is a walking dead man. Grant him rich, / Let him live like a king in his great house:/If his pleasure is gone, I would not give/ So much as the shadow of smoke for all he owns.”
IsmeneAntigone asked her to help bury Polyneices, and she refuses for “the public good”Characterizes Ismene as spineless and willing to give up what she believes in in order to follow the law “…but I have no strength/ To break laws that were made for the public good.”
CreonArguing with Antigone over whether her actions were justified Characterizes Creon- he does not care about giving people death with dignity if they have betrayed him, which shows his hubris “An enemy is an enemy, even dead.”
HaimonHe is trying to convince Creon to let Antigone goHe incorporates the gods’ wishes into his argument, showing that Haimon is similar to Antigone in that he values the wishes of the gods over the wishes of man. However, he does this passively to avoid offending Creon “Reason is God’s crowning gift to man, and you are right to warn me against losing mine.”
Teiresias He is blaming Creon’s actions for angering the gods and causing the downfall of GreeceThis scene shows that Creon’s hubris, his tragic flaw, will have drastic consequences, and foreshadows to when this will come back to bite him “The time is not far off when you shall/pay back/Corpse for corpse…”
ChoragusHaimon has just left, angry after trying to convince him to free AntigoneChoragus is foreshadowing that Haimon’s rage will cause him to make drastic decisions (this eventually, we find out, will result in suicide) “Creon, a young man in a rage is dangerous.”
HaimonHe is begging his father to reconsider he decision to kill Antigone Proposes the concept that someone who is rigid and stubborn in their beliefs will never be as strong as someone who is willing to acknowledge reason, even if it means admitting they’re wrong “It is not reason never to yield to reason.”
ChoragosFinal line, he is addressing the audience after Creon is led awayA final lesson to the audience- must learn from Creon’s mistakes- if we do not use our wisdom, we will lose everything just as he had “There is no happiness where there is no wisdom”
AntigoneIn a conversation with the Chorus, they bring up the marriage of Oedipus and his mother The use of fate in Greek Tragedy- the marriage of Oedipus and his mother has cursed Antigone’s family “Their crime, infection of all our family!”
TeiresiasArguing with Creon, telling him his actions are wrong and have angered the gods Emphasizes the consequences of hubris, Creon’s tragic flaw. By refusing to change his mind, Creon has committed the only true crime in this situation “A good man yields when he knows his course is wrong,/ And repairs the evil. The only crime is pride.”
CreonIn the Exodus, Creon has come to the realization that it was his fate to bury PolyneicesShows the use of Fate in Greek tragedy- your destiny is unavoidable. Creon went out of his way to avoid burying Polyneices, only to come to it in great pain “The pains that men will take to come to pain!”
Ismene Although Creon claims Ismene has lost her mind, she notes that grief and loss will cause even the most headstrong people to doubt their beliefsThis reveals that Ismene grieves for Polyneices even after he’s deemed a traitor, characterizing her as someone who sides with Antigone and believes in family over power “Grief teaches the steadiest minds to waver, King.”
Antigone Arguing with Creon over whether her decision to bury Polyneices was justified, even after he’s deemed a traitorCharacterizes Antigone as someone who believes in loving family no matter what “It is my nature to join in love, not hate.”
AntigoneArguing with Creon over whether her actions are justifiedBy referring to Creon as a fool, this characterizes Antigone as someone who is defiant and headstrong. However, this foreshadows to a time when her hubris will have consequences “…but it may well be/That a fool convicts me of folly.”
CreonHe is talking to the Sentry, threatening to kill him if he doesn’t find who buried Polyneices. He delight at finding Polyneices may ultimately live him dead Characterizes Creon as the antagonist, by revealing his motives are more violent than he claims “A fortune won is often misfortune.”
CreonTeiresias is trying to convince Creon that is actions are unjust and a result of his tragic flaw- HubrisReveals the man vs. self conflict of Creon wanting to maintain power without letting his tragic flaw overcome him “Oh, it is hard to give in! But it is worse/To risk everything for stubborn pride.”
Ode I 1st Stanza: praises man for taming the forces of nature2nd Stanza: Man has tamed the wild beasts3rd Stanza: Man is able to use words to conquer all except death4th Stanza: Teaches a lesson: Cities are strongest when they follow the laws, and Chorus will not follow the will of Antigone and create anarchy
Ode II Centered around the idea of fate Once you have angered the gods, their vengeance will last for generations More often than not, fate will cause you to suffer
Ode III Centered around the idea of loveNo one, mortal or immortal, can escape the forces of love
Ode IV Show how Fate has affected gods in Greek mythology1st Stanza: Destiny cannot be defeated, Zeus will love Danae no matter what2nd Stanza: Dryas’ son offended the Muses and was left to suffer forever 3rd Stanza: Ares watches the violence among the royal family4th Stanza: Fate meant for the queen to be miserable, and she was

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