ANTIGONE by Sophocles: Scene 4, Ode 4

Which mood does the allusion to Niobe create? pitiful
What does the allusion to the king of the Edonias reveal about ancient Greek beliefs? Mocking the gods leads to punishment.
Which tone does the allusion to Niobe reveal? melancholy
I’ve not yet had my bridal chant,nor has any wedding song been sung—for my marriage is to Acheron.Which tone does this allusion reveal? solemn
Look at me, my native citizens,as I go on my final journey,as I gaze upon the sunlight one last time,which I’ll never see again—for Hades,who brings all people to their final sleep,leads me on, while I’m still living,down to the shores of Acheron.Explain how Sophocles uses allusion to affect the mood of the audience. The goal of the tragic playwright is to evoke fear and pity in the audience. Sophocles uses the allusion to Hades and Acheron to create in the audience fear and pity for Antigone. The allusion would have been instantly understood by the ancient audience, creating a gloomy mood.
Compare the ancient Greek belief about life after death with your personal beliefs. Like the ancient Greeks, I believe in life after death. However, I believe that life after death exists in a place called Pleasantville. Unlike the ancient Greek belief in the dark and scary underworld, I believe that Pleasantville is a place of beauty, happiness, and light.
Explain how the tragic plot structure reveals the beliefs of the ancient Greek people. According to Aristotle, the tragedy has a distinct beginning, middle, and end. The plot events are unified through causal relationships. This structure stems from the ancient Greek belief that nothing happens by chance
Look at me, my native citizens,as I go on my final journey,as I gaze upon the sunlight one last time,which I’ll never see again—for Hades,who brings all people to their final sleep,leads me on, while I’m still living,down to the shores of Acheron.Explain what this passage reveals about the beliefs of the ancient Greeks. The ancient Greeks believed in an afterlife. They believed that the god Hades was responsible for the dead. The dead went deep into the earth for “their final sleep.”
I’ve not yet had my bridal chant,nor has any wedding song been sung—for my marriage is to Acheron.What effect would this allusion have on the mood of the audience? The audience would feel pity for Antigone.
Which stage of the tragic plot structure intensifies the conflicts? desis
Which tragic element creates pity and fear in the audience? the downfall of the protaginist
Explain the cause-and-effect relationship among the plot events that result in Antigone’s punishment. he event that triggered the chain of events leading to Antigone’s punishment began when her brother Polyneices rebelled against Thebes. During the battle he and his brother killed one another. Polyneices’ rebellion made him a traitor in Creon’s eyes; therefore, Creon refused to allow anyone to give Polyneices a proper burial. Antigone chose to defy Creon’s law and bury her brother. The action led to her arrest. Her fiancé and Creon’s son, Haemon, made an argument against his father’s decision to execute Antigone. While Creon did not change his mind about her execution, he did change his method. Instead of having Antigone stoned to death, he will place her in a tomb where she will eventually die.
Mood” refers to the __________. feelings of the audience
Which comparison does the allusion to Niobe make? Both Antigone and Niobe mourn the loss of family.
Which ancient Greek belief is revealed through the causal relationships among tragic plot events? nothing happens by chance
Tragic events are related through __________. cause and effect relationships
What is the goal of the tragic playwright? to evoke pity and fear in the audience
And the hot-tempered child of Dryas,king of the Edonians, was put in prison,closed up in the rocks by Dionysus,for his angry mocking of the god.What mood does the playwright intend to evoke from the audience with this allusion? fear
In her brass-bound room fair Danae as wellendured her separation from the heaven’s light,a prisoner hidden in a chamber like a tomb,although she, too, came from a noble line.In this passage, the playwright uses allusion to __________. compare Antigone’s situation with Danae’s
What is the purpose of an allusion? to provke an idea with minimal words

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