Act One Scene 1Quickly and without much ado, the three witches appear on a Scottish moor during a thunder and lightening storm and make plans to meet again after the battle to deal with Macbeth. They quickly disappear.Scene 2King Duncan is attended by a captain recently wounded while saving Duncan’s son Malcolm from capture by the Irish. He tells Duncan of how Macbeth and Banquo, the two generals, have defeated the Irish and Norwegian armies and how Macbeth had vanquished and killed the traitor Macdonald. The Thane of Ross soon enters and tells Duncan of how the Thane of Cawdor defected and joined the Norwegian forces to fight against the Scottish. Duncan announces that Macbeth shall take the role of Thane of Cawdor as a reward for having led the victorious army in battle. Ross departs to share the news with Macbeth.Scene 3The witches reappear on the moor, discussing their powers and the recent acts they’ve managed to complete, one describing her killing swine and another who has planned revenge upon a sailor whose wife did not properly share chestnuts. Macbeth and Banquo soon appear and are addressed by the three witches. They address Macbeth at first as the Thane of Glamis and then as the Thane of Cawdor. Confused by their statements, Macbeth is further confused when they announce that he will one day be the King of Scotland. As a third prophecy, they announce that Banquo is at the same time lesser and greater than Macbeth and that his sons will sit on the throne but that he will not. The two discuss the prophecies with each other, confused by the encounter until Ross arrives to bring them to the king. He announces to Macbeth that he has been made Thane of Cawdor. Immediately Macbeth begins musing on how the first prophecy came true, asking of Banquo if he would enjoy his sons as kings. Banquo’s response is tempered more than Macbeth’s, saying that these things are often only half truths. Macbeth begins to ponder exactly what the prophecy might mean and whether he could one day be king.Scene 4Duncan hears the news of the Thane of Cawdor’s execution, of how he repented his crimes and died a noble death. When Macbeth and Banquo finally return, Duncan greets them as heroes and declares to Macbeth the reward for his deeds. He also announces that his son Malcolm shall be made heir to the throne, to which Macbeth notes that only Malcolm is in his way of the throne now. Plans are made for Duncan to dine at Macbeth’s castle that night and goes ahead of everyone to inform his wife of the impending arrival of the king and what has transpired that day.Scene 5Back at Inverness, Macbeth’s castle and home, Lady Macbeth reads a letter from her husband describing the events that occurred during the day, immediately believing and recognizing the potential of the prophecies. She decides that certain things must be done to make the rest of the prophecy come true and goes on to describe the weakness of her husband. She decides immediately that King Duncan must be murdered and when Macbeth arrives back home she goes about describing to him what they must do to ensure he never leaves Inverness Castle.Scene 6Duncan and the other Scottish nobility arrive at Inverness castle where he comments on how pleasant the castle and its surrounding environments are. Lady Macbeth comes out to greet him and tells him of how it is her duty to be hospitable and welcome the king to her home. Duncan then asks to be brought to Macbeth.Scene 7Macbeth goes about pondering the act that he has nearly decided to do. He thinks on the nature of the deed, wondering if it’s right to kill a man who is his king and his guest. He thinks on how popular the king is and how virtuous he is and eventually decides that the only reason to kill the king is to serve his own ambitions. When Lady Macbeth reenters the room and Macbeth announces that he’s decided against killing the King, to which she immediately attacks him and his manhood. He asks of the consequences and she declares that they will be fine so long as they remain resolute in their determination. Her plan is to bribe the King’s chamberlains with drink and get them drunk enough that they forget themselves and give up easy access to the King’s chambers. After they are sufficiently drunk, they will sneak in and kill the king, then smear the blood on the drunken chamberlains so as to lay the blame at someone else’s feet. Finally, Macbeth consents, remarking that he hopes their children are male, lest another female such as Lady Macbeth with her “undaunted mettle” is born.
Act Two Scene 1Macbeth is on his way to the King’s chambers and along the way is confronted by Banquo and his son Fleance. The two are up late, unable to sleep and Banquo explains to Macbeth that his dreams are plagued by the witches and their prophecies. The two discuss the sisters and when Banquo asks if they have revealed some “truth” to Macbeth, he replies that he has not thought on their words at all. They once again agree to talk on the matter later and they part ways. Macbeth proceeds carefully and immediately sees a dagger floating in the air pointing towards Duncan’s bed chambers. The dagger appears to have blood on it and when Macbeth grasps at it, he cannot take hold. He decides that it must be a manifestation of his unease over killing the King and realizes how dark and foreboding the night around him is. Finally, he hears the bell rung by Lady Macbeth signaling that the Chamberlains are sufficiently drunk.Scene 2Lady Macbeth appears after Macbeth has left on comments on how clever she is. She ponders Macbeth’s cry in the dark and the fact that he could easily have made a mistake. She muses on how she could have killed the King herself when preparing the daggers for the chamberlains, but could not because he looked so much like her father sleeping. When finally Macbeth returns, his hands are bloodied and he is visibly shaken. He notes how he heard the chamberlains wake and say a prayer, unable himself to say Amen to the prayer. He also notes how he believed he heard a voice invoke his crime after he had killed the king. At first Lady Macbeth tries to sooth her husband but soon becomes angry after realizing that he failed to leave the daggers on the chamberlains to frame them for the murder. He refuses to go back to the room again, forcing her to plant the daggers herself. He begins to hear knocking on the doors, sure that he’s been found out and begins worrying of his horrible deed. She finally returns and takes him to wash the blood from his hands, stating ironically that a simple wash of the hands clears them of the deed.Scene 3The porter of the castle allows the knocking to continue for some time longer, musing on how he would porter the gates of hell and who he would let in. He finally opens the door to let in Lennox and Macduff, having arrived to prepare the King for departure. Macbeth is one of the few people in the castle still awake and leads the two men to the king’s bed chambers where they discover that the King has been murdered and the news spreads quickly. Everyone arrives, including Lady Macbeth, Duncan’s sons, and the other nobles and chaos ensues. Finally Macbeth arrives again and declares that he has killed the two chamberlains who are responsible in his rage. Macduff declares his own wariness of the two new deaths, while Macbeth professes his fury at the death of his king as motivation for their execution. Lady Macbeth faints suddenly and is rushed free of the stage. Malcolm and Donalbian whisper to each other that they must flee to stay safe from the murderer as who ever killed their father will likely desire their deaths as well. Banquo and Macbeth gather the nobles and prepare to meet and discuss the matter of Duncan’s death.Scene 4Ross, the thane from early in the play and an old man walk outside discussing the matters of the last few days. He describes the owl that killed the falcon and the king’s well trained horses eating each other. The day itself is dark and the two are properly quieted by the mood. Macduff soon enters the seen and tells Ross that Macbeth has been made King and that he will soon ride to Scone to be crowned. Because of the departure of the sons so soon after the king’s murder there is suspicion that they may have paid off the chamberlains to kill the king. Macduff announces that he will return to his home in Fife and Ross sets out for Scone to see to the coronation.
Act Three Scene 1Banquo enters and muses on the prophecies of the three witches. The first two have come true now and so he wonders if the third might be a possibility and that his sons will some day sit on the throne. The stir of ambition begins to appear for Banquo as Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in their royal attire appear, inviting Banquo to the feast for the evening. Banquo accepts and tells Macbeth of the ride he plans to go on later that day. Macbeth mentions to Banquo that they must discuss the matter of Duncan’s sons who have fled and are likely plotting against the crown. Banquo leaves the room and Macbeth discusses a few smaller matters of state with his servant before he departs as well. At this point, Macbeth begins a soliloquy on the matter of Banquo and the succession. He worries that he will not produce an heir and that Banquo’s sons will overthrow him later, taking the throne as the witches foresaw. Macbeth’s servant reenters with the murderers he has hired and reminds them of the “wrongs” committed against them by Banquo and they agree once more to kill Macbeth’s former comrade. He reminds them to also kill Fleance, Banquo’s son and they depart.Scene 2Lady Macbeth is full of unrest and calls for Macbeth to attend to her. He announces his own misgivings and upon doing so, declares that he has arranged for yet another horrible deed to be undertaken to ensure the throne, that there are too many more threats to the throne that must be dealt with. He asks his wife to be happier and kind to Banquo at dinner so as the he will be unsuspecting and that he will successfully be dealt with and eliminated as a threat to the throne.Scene 3The murderers await Banquo and Fleance in the woods outside the castle. When the two arrive and light a torch after dismounting the murderers attack. They quickly kill Banquo who urges Fleance to run and save himself, to avenge his death. After the torch is extinguished, Fleance flees and the murderers move to return to Macbeth with Banquo’s body in tow.Scene 4Back at the castle, Macbeth and his wife welcome the Scottish noble persons to the feast. Directly before the feast, Macbeth is approached by the murderers and told of what has happened with Banquo and his son. He recomposes himself and returns to the feast where he raises an imaginary toast to his friend. He then sees the ghost of Banquo and much like with the visage of the dagger, he starts to feel the pressure of the acts he has performed and their relevant effects on his life. He is at alternating times courageous and depressed, unsure of himself and losing his tenuous grip on reality. Lady Macbeth attempts to sooth him, sending away the noblemen and trying to calm him Macbeth however is already planning to murder Macduff and declares his intentions to go and see the three witches once more for advice and prophecies. He decides that Macduff’s actions border on treason as he plans to stay away from court and keep his own counsel.Scene 5The witches appear on yet another stormy set, this time with the Goddess Hecate among them, scolding them for taking on Macbeth without her leave. She decides she will take over matters with Macbeth and tells the three witches to bring to Macbeth visions that will offer him a false sense of security when he visits them the next day.Scene 6Elsewhere in Scotland Lennox discusses matters with an unnamed lord, commenting on the murder of Banquo. The official position is that Fleance murdered his father and fled. However, the two men suspect Macbeth is the culprit and refer to him as a tyrant. The lord announces that Macduff has fled to England where he has joined forces with Malcolm in trying to convince England to offer aid against Macbeth. Macbeth for his part has raised his forces in preparation for war with Malcolm.
Act Four Scene 1Upon his return to the three witches, Macbeth demands a series of apparitions to help him discern his future. The witches comply by offering him three such visions. The first is a disembodied head, bloodied and reminding Macbeth of Macduff, warning Macbeth to beware the fled nobleman. The second is a blood soaked child who comforts Macbeth that he cannot be killed by any man born of woman. The final apparition is a child wearing a crown who says Macbeth will be king until the Birnam wood comes to Dunsinane. Macbeth is encouraged and lightened by this news and asks whether Banquo’s sons will succeed him. The witches respond with an apparition of the procession of kings, with the final king carrying a mirror and the procession ended with Banquo’s ghost. The witches then vanish and Lennox enters with news that Macduff has fled for England. Macbeth decides that he will capture Macduff’s castle and kill his family.Scene 2In Macduff’s castle, Lady Macduff questions Ross as to why her husband has fled. He tries to reaffirm for her that she must trust her husband. She tells her son that Macduff has died, though he does not quite believe her. When a messenger arrives afterward, telling her she is in danger and warning her to flee, she argues that she has done nothing to deserve such danger. The murderers arrive afterwards and denounce Macduff. When his son calls them liars, they stab him and chase after Lady Macduff, assumedly to murder her as well.Scene 3Macduff and Malcolm stand outside of Edward’s castle in England and Malcolm decides he must test Macduff to see if he is loyal to the crown and to him. He begins to declare how he is unfit for the crown, listing his vices and his issues with leadership. Macduff eventually breaks down and announces that Malcolm is indeed unfit to rule the country, proving that he is loyal. Malcolm then announces that he was lying to Macduff and that the latter has proven himself. Soon afterward, Ross arrives and tells the two that everything is well with Macduff’s family and that they should return to Scotland to see to the country since it has gone into such disarray with Macbeth as the king. When Malcolm announces that he will only return with 10,000 English troops, Ross breaks down and admits that Macduff’s family has been murdered. Macduff, crushed with grief, is urged by Malcolm to turn his grief to anger and unleash it upon Macbeth.
Act Five Scene 1A doctor and a waiting-gentlewoman discuss Lady Macbeth’s recent habit of sleepwalking. She enters in yet another bemoaned state and begins to wail about the deaths of Banquo and Lady Macduff. She claims there is blood on her hands and that she cannot wash it free. As she walks away, the doctor and waiting-woman discuss Lady Macbeth’s descent into madness.Scene 2Beyond the castle gates, the Scottish lords are discussing the approaching English forces. The Scottish forces themselves will meet up with Malcolm and Macduff at the Birnam Wood. Macbeth, the tyrant as they refer to him, has gone into a rage, fortifying the castle at Dunsinane.Scene 3Macbeth appears with his doctor in tow, claiming he cannot die because no man born of woman can kill him and he cannot lose because the Birnam Wood cannot physically move. He insists on wearing his armor hours before the battle and raves madly at his servants when they announce the arrival of 10,000 English troops. When the doctor announces that Lady Macbeth is struck with delusions, Macbeth tells him to cure her of them.Scene 4In the Birnam Wood, Malcolm discusses the fortifications Macbeth has established at the castle. They decide that they should prepare for the battle by cutting boughs from the forest to disguise their numbers as they march on the castle.Scene 5While Macbeth is declaring the impenetrability of his fortress and preparing for the coming onslaught with banners and whatnot, an attendant arrives and declares that Queen is dead. Following a sudden depression and quietness on his part another attendant arrives and declares that the Birnam Wood is marching on Dunsinane. He recalls the prophecy about the wood and readies for the fight, preparing to die.Scene 6Malcolm orders the English men to throw down their boughs and the fight commences outside the castle.Scene 7Macbeth fights vigorously, pompous in that he knows no man born of woman can kill him. He slays a lord’s son and disappears into the fray. Macduff appears from the battle, searching frantically for Macbeth, wanting to personally see to his death. He then disappears back into the battle. Malcolm and Siward arrive again and enter the castle. Macbeth and Macduff finally confront each other and fight. Macbeth announces that no man can kill him of a woman’s womb. However, Macduff announces that he was torn from his mother’s womb (through surgery) and Macbeth immediately fears for his life, but will not surrender to Macduff. The two exit the stage fighting. Malcolm and Siward enter the castle after conquering it and confront Ross with the news that Macbeth has killed Siward’s son. Macduff soon after arrives with Macbeth’s head on a pole and declares Malcolm King of Scotland. Honoring the English system of nobility, Malcolm names all of his Thanes as Earls and curses Macbeth and his queen. He then calls for all of his subjects to attend him at the coronation at Scone and the plays ends.
Themes, Motifs, Symbols Unchecked Ambition, Kingship vs. Tyranny, Cruelty and Masculinity, Blood, Weather, Supernatural, Nature, Sleep.
Exam Themes The deceiving reality of appearances it that they are not always what they seem, or seem not to be.Absolute power corrupts absolutely and one can use this power for good, or to perpetrate evil.The darkness of the human heart is only limited by the evil nature of the individual.Mess with the bull and you get the horns – or in this case, fate.
The king Who was the first and last speaker of the play?
Ross Who was the messenger?
Defeated Macdonwald, Capture Cawdor, Defeated the King of Norway What were the three accomplishments of Macbeth that caused him to be recognized?
Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, King What were the three titles that the witches said Macbeth would receive? Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, King, Tyrant
Tyrant What other title did Macbeth receive at the end in Act IV and V?
The day he was given the title of Thane of Cawdor What day is Macbeth referencing when he says, “So foul and fair a day I have not seen”
Raven What bird represents ill will?
Duncan What character is a poor judge of character, the first victim of Macbeth, and the first king?
Evil What does darkness represent?
Masks What is a symbol of hiding the truth or one’s identity?
Diamond What was the gift Duncan gave Lady Macbeth?
Backstabbing What does the dagger represent?
Bell What symbolizes a summons to action?
Nature, Society, Family What were the three aspects of the world affected by Macbeth’s actions?
Gets them drunk, uses their daggers, smears them with blood What were the three parts to the Lady Macbeth’s plan to incriminate the guards (Grooms)
Bloodthirsty or tyrannical What do red hands or gloves represent?
Done What represents finality, not able to go back?
Sleep What represents innocence?
Porter Who is the play’s comic relief?
Dawn What represents truth’s coming to light?
Turbulence or storms What represents spiritual or social disorder?
Macduff Who discovers Macbeth’s death, defeats Macbeth?
Temple What term refers to a king’s body as God’s anointed minister?
Benefactor to beneficiary, host to guest, ruler to subject What relationships were violated by Macbeth
Sleep, Love, Honor What three things were forfeited by Macbeth when he killed Duncan?
Lennox Who is the play’s voice of reason, first to indict Macbeth
Banquo Who is the guest of honor at Macbeth’s Feast, Duncan’s other general?
Fleance Who is the son of Banquo who was main target when Banquo was killed?
Macbeth’s feasteast Where did Banquo appear as a ghost?
Witches What character represent fate?
Apparitions What tells Macbeth of his future demise?
First apparition Which apparition says “Beware Macduff”?
Second apparition Which apparition says “None of woman born shall harm Macbeth”?
Third apparition Which apparition says “Birnan wood will come to Duns inane”?
Vision of an Eighth glass and that eighth glass would lead to more glasses (Heirs) What does Shakespeare say to flatter King James?
Kill Macduff’s family What did Macbeth do after his last visit to the witches?
Macduff’s Wife Who thinks her husband is a traitor and a coward?
Malcolm Who is good judge of character, last to speak in the play, the last king, Went to England for help and to hide?
Lechery What word references Macbeth’s sexual lust?
Avarice What word references Macbeth’s lust for possessions and wealth?
England’s king, Banquo, Duncan, Malcolm, Thane of Cawdor With which characters does Shakespeare compare Macbeth?
Talks about the brevity of life but is otherwise unfazed, Wants revenge, Glad his son died with honor What were the responses of Macbeth, Macduff, and Siward to a family member’s death
Sleepwalking What represents a person’s being bound for hell?
Blood What is the symbol for guilt and murder?
Murder of Duncan and Macduff’s family and Macbeth’s response to seeing Banquo’s ghost What were the three dreams of Lady Macbeth?
God What is the doctor’s remedy for Scotland and Lady Macbeth?
Suicide How does Lady Macbeth die?
Unnatural deeds do breed unnatural troubles; infected minds to their deaf pillow will discharge their secrets What quote is the summary of the play?
The witch’s prophecy Why is Macbeth so confident in Act V?
Candle, shadow, and actor What metaphors does Macbeth use in describing life?
Young Siward What represents unreasoning youthful ambition?
Ingratitude What is the most detestable of sins?
Fall of man/Adam What biblical story does Shakespeare reference when telling Macbeth?
Donalbain Who is the son of Duncan who fled to Ireland?
Siward Who is the English general that helps Malcolm defeat Macbeth?
Macduff’s Son Who is the only character that would bring a smile during the play?
Lady Macbeth Along with the witches, who talks Macbeth into killing Duncan, sleepwalks, and suffers from guilt?
Hecate Who is the most despicable character, worst of the witches, and scolds the witches for their influence on fate
Weird What word references fate?
They do not actually commit the sin, but they do influence Macbeth into murdering. Lady Macbeth says that she wishes she were a man so that she could do the act. What is the feminine characters’ role in the murders (Lady Macbeth and the Witches)?
Witch 2 says, “By the pricking of my thumb, Something wicked this way comes.” Whoarrives? Macbeth arrives
What is Macbeth’s attitude towards the witches this time? He is demanding, trying to take charge.
What four things did the witches show Macbeth? What does each show/say? What isMacbeth’s reaction? They showed him an armed head, a bloody child, a crowned child with a tree in its hand,and, finally, eight kings followed by Banquo’s ghost. Respectively, they showed/toldMacbeth to beware of Macduff, that he would not be harmed by anyone “born of woman,”that he would not be vanquished until Birnam Wood would come to Dunsinane, and thatBanquo’s descendants would be kings.
Macbeth says (about the witches), “Infected be the air whereon they ride, And damned allthose that trust them!” What is Macbeth, in effect, saying about himself? He is saying that he is now damned since he has trusted them.
Where is Macduff? Why isn’t he with his family? He is in England helping Malcolm.
What is Lady Macduff’s attitude at the moment about her husband Macduff? Lady Macduff is furious at her husband’s abandonment-she calls him a traitor and a coward. She tells her son it is left up to the mother to protect her young now, and that his father is dead.
Why does Macbeth have Macduff’s family and servants killed? Macduff is not loyal to Macbeth, and Macbeth is angry.
Why is Malcolm in England? Malcolm flees to England because after his father, King Duncan, is murdered, he is afraid that he’s next. He wants to get out of where he lives to be safe.
Why does Macduff travel to England? Macduff travels to england because he does not agree with Macbeth’s rule/leadership. He looks for supporters to help to overthrow him and get a new leader.
Why does Malcolm test Macduff? Malcolm tests Macduff because he’s afraid that Macbeth sent Macduff to get Malcolm and trick him to return home. He wants to assure that Macduff is actually truthful in saying that he doesn’t like Macbeth. After all, they all were very fond of him before he came king.
What news does Ross bring to Macduff? Ross brings news of Macduff’s family’s murders
What does Malcolm tell Macduff to do with his grief? Malcolm tells Macduff to turn his grief into anger. This is just after Ross comes into the scene, and informs Macduff that Macbeth has just murdered his wife and son.
What does Malcolm resolve to do by the end of Act 4? Malcolm decides that he will go and overthrow Macbeth.
2. What does Duncan call Macbeth when he hears Macbeth has defeated Macdonwald? He calls him “valiant Cousin! Worthy gentleman!” This is ironic, being said to the manwho will be his murderer.
3. Who is sentenced to death? The Thane of Cawdor is sentenced to death.
4. What do the witches predict in I.iii for Macbeth? For Banquo? They predict Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor and eventually the king. They predict thatBanquo will be “lesser than Macbeth, and greater, Not so happy, and yet happier” and thathis descendants will be kings although he will not be one.
5. What news does Ross bring Macbeth? Ross tells Macbeth that Macbeth now holds the title of the Thane of Cawdor.
6. Banquo, like Macbeth, is surprised that the witches have predicted Macbeth’s new title. He is,however, leery. What does he say about the motives of the “instruments of darkness”? He says they often tell of good things which may happen without telling the badconsequences.
7. Malcolm describes Cawdor’s last moments before execution. What is Duncan’s reply? You can’t tell what is in a person’s heart by looking at his face.
8. Macbeth says, “Stars, hide your fires, Let not light see my black and deep desires.” What areHe now desires to be the king, and he realizes that something will have to be done with the Macbeth’s desires?He now desires to be the king, and he realizes that something will have to be done with thepresent king (and his sons) before his desires can become reality.
9. After Lady Macbeth reads the letter, what does she tell us is her opinion of Macbeth, and howdoes she plan to help him? In short, Lady Macbeth thinks Macbeth could be a good king, but he lacks the hardheartednesswhich would allow him to get to the position. She’ll talk him into it.
10. What is Lady Macbeth’s “prayer” to the spirits after she learns Duncan is coming”? She wants to be filled with cruelty, given a hard heart and the thick blood necessary to dowhat has to be done in order to make Macbeth king.
11. What advice does Lady Macbeth give Macbeth when he arrives home? She tells him he must learn to look innocent even when his heart is full of evil. He has tolearn to hide his true feelings.
12. What are Macbeth’s arguments to himself against killing Duncan? Macbeth is Duncan’s kinsman and his subject. Duncan is a good king and virtuous man; hehas done no particular evil. Duncan is a popular king, and his death would bring sorrowand unrest upon Scotland.
13. What arguments does Lady Macbeth use to convince Macbeth to commit the murder? She tells him not to be a coward, not to say later that he “could have been” when he could”be” king. She tells him to be a man and go get what he wants. She says if she had madethe promise to do this, that she would have killed her own baby to carry forth with herpromise.
14. What is Lady Macbeth’s plan? She will drug the kings grooms (guards). Macbeth will then go into the king’s room andmurder him in his sleep.
1. What is Macbeth’s lie to Banquo about the witches’ predictions? He says he doesn’t even think about them.
2. What is the signal Lady Macbeth is to give Macbeth to let him know that she has taken care ofthe guards (grooms)? She will ring a bell.
3. What excuse does Lady Macbeth give for not killing Duncan herself? He looked like her father sleeping there.
4. After Macbeth kills Duncan, he goes to Lady Macbeth and is concerned about not being ableto say “Amen.” What is her advice to him? She tells him not to think about it so much, or it will make them crazy. (Notice that shedoes later, in fact, go mad and commit suicide.)
5. Then, Macbeth is worried about hearing a voice saying, “Macbeth does murder sleep.” Whatdoes Lady Macbeth then tell him to do? She tells him to go get some water and wash “this filthy witness” from his hands. In otherwords, get cleaned up and forget about it.
6. Why won’t Macbeth take the daggers back to the scene of the crime? He can’t bear to look at Duncan again.
7. Who was knocking? Macduff and Lennox were knocking at the gate.
8. What three things does drinking provoke? It provokes “nose-painting, sleep, and urine.”
9. How does Lennox describe the night, and what is Macbeth’s response? Lennox goes through a great description of the terrible night, saying it predicted terrible,confusing times ahead. Macbeth brushes it off by saying it was a “rough night.”
10. What did Macduff discover? Macduff discovered Duncan’s body.
11. Macduff says, “Oh, gentle lady, ‘Tis not for you to hear what I can speak. The repetition, in awoman’s ear, Would murder as it fell.” What is ironic about this? Lady Macbeth was a determining force in the death of Duncan. She is no “lady.”
12. What excuse or explanation did Macbeth give for killing the guards (grooms)? What is hisreal reason? He did it out of pain and rage, but he actually wanted to be rid of any possible witnesses tothe murder.
13. Why do Malcolm and Donalbain leave? They fear that the king’s murderer will be after them, too.
14. Why does Ross not believe Malcolm and Donalbain were responsible for Duncan’s murder? He says it is against nature — both their personal natures and nature as the ruling force inthe universe.
1. Why does Macbeth want Banquo and Fleance dead? He knows they suspect him of foul play, and he is furious that he has done all of the work(so-to-speak) of becoming king, and Banquo’s descendants will benefit from it.
2. What is Macbeth’s plan for killing Banquo and Fleance? Does it work? He gets two convicted murderers to wait along the road to ambush them. The murdererskill Banquo, but Fleance escapes.
3. Macbeth says, “The worm that’s fled Hath nature that in timthe present.” What does that mean?e will venom breed, No teeth for Fleance will be a problem in the future, since he will have children who will become kings,but for now Macbeth can let him go and deal with other things because Fleance is of noimmediate threat to him personally.
4. Who (what) did Macbeth see at the banquet table? He saw Banquo’s ghost.
5. How does Lady Macbeth cover for Macbeth at the banquet? What excuses does she give forhis wild talk? She tells the guests that he often has these fits, that those who know him well have learnedShe tells the guests that he often has these fits, that those who know him well have learnedto ignore them. When Macbeth really gets out of hand, she sends the guests home.
6. Who else was missing from the banquet table (besides Banquo)? Macduff is missing.
7. Macbeth says, “I am in blood Stepped in so far that should I wade no more, Returning were astedious as go o’er.” What does he mean? There is no going back now. Macbeth is committed to this course of action, whateverterrible things he may yet have to do.
8. What does Hecate want the witches to do? She wants the witches to give Macbeth some visions which will give him falseimpressions, false hopes for his personal safety and the safety of his rule, so he will continue on his path of destruction.
9. What does Lennox think about Macbeth, Fleance, and Duncan’s sons? He thinks Macbeth is the “good guy,” Fleance killed Banquo, and Duncan’s sons killed theking.
1. Witch 2 says, “By the pricking of my thumb, Something wicked this way comes.” Whocomes? Macbeth comes.
2. What is Macbeth’s attitude towards the witches this time? He is demanding, trying to take charge.
3. What four things did the witches show Macbeth? What does each show/say? What isMacbeth’s reaction? They showed him an armed head, a bloody child, a crowned child with a tree in its hand,and, finally, eight kings followed by Banquo’s ghost. Respectively, they showed/toldMacbeth to beware of Macduff, that he would not be harmed by anyone “born of woman,”that he would not be vanquished until Birnam Wood would come to Dunsinane, and thatBanquo’s descendants would be kings.
4. Macbeth says (about the witches), “Infected be the air whereon they ride, And damned allthose that trust them!” What is Macbeth, in effect, saying about himself? He is damned.
5. Where is Macduff? He is in England helping Malcolm.
6. Why does Macbeth have Macduff’s family and servants killed? Macduff is not loyal to Macbeth, and Macbeth is angry.
7. Why does Lady Macduff’s son say liars and swearers are fools? He implies that since there are more of them than honest people, they should get togetherand hang the honest folks. They are foolish to leave themselves in jeopardy when theycould overcome the honest people.
8. Malcolm says, “Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell. Though all things foul wouldwear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so.” What does that mean? The devil was, of course, at one time the brightest angel. The point is that things aren’twhat they seem. One can’t judge the book by its cover, so-to-speak.
9. Macduff says, “Oh, Scotland, Scotland!” Why? Malcolm has just told him what a horrid king he (Malcolm) would be if he were on thethrone instead of Macbeth. Given a choice, then, between Malcolm and Macbeth, hegravely fears for his country’s future.
10. What news does Ross bring to Macduff? Ross brings news of Macduff’s family’s murders.
1. What do the doctor and gentlewoman see Lady Macbeth doing? What do they decide to do? She is sleepwalking and talking about the murders. The doctor decides his best move is tonot mention that he heard anything, and he tells the woman to keep an eye on LadyMacbeth.
2. What does Macbeth want the doctor to do for his wife? He wants the doctor to ease her suffering, to give her something to make her oblivious toher weighty troubles.
3. What trick does Malcolm use to hide the number of men in his army? He has his men cut off tree branches and use them as camouflage.
4. Malcolm says, “And none serve with him but constrained things Whose hearts are absent,too.” What does that mean? Macbeth’s armies are there in body only, not in spirit, and there should not be any seriousopposition.
5. What is Macbeth’s reaction to Lady Macbeth’s death? He takes it very calmly, saying she would have died sooner or later, anyway.
What is Macbeth’s reaction to the news that Birnam Wood is moving? “Arm, arm, and out!” He’s going to fight to the bitter end and take down the whole universewith him, if necessary.
Who first fights Macbeth? What happens? Young Siward fights Macbeth and is slain.
Macbeth says to Macduff, “But get thee back, my soul is too much charged With blood ofthine already.” To what is he referring? Macbeth doesn’t want to fight Macduff; he has already killed Macduff’s family.
When does Macbeth know he’s in trouble? He knows this is his end when Macduff tells him he was taken from his mother’s wombinstead of being “born of woman.”
How does Macbeth die? Macduff fights him and beheads him.
Who will be King of Scotland? Malcolm will be king.
abhor loathe
abjure renounce, deny, relinquish
cistern well, reservoir, water tank
clamorous racous, noisy
desolate abandoned, deserted
diminutive tiny, small
direness iniquity, horribleness, viciousness
discern detect, discover
gibbet gallows, scaffold
judicious sage, thoughtful, wise
murky obscure, gloomy, hazy
pernicious destructive, detrimental, fatal
perturbation disturbance, agitation
prowess courage, skill
recoil flinch, pull back
redress atone, amend
sear burn, scald
sere dried, withered
tarry linger
upbraid scold, reprimand
verity the quality or state of being true or real
dauntless fearless; not imposed upon
valor strength of mind or spirit
incensed to cause a passion or emotion to become aroused (esp. anger)
bounteous plentiful
sundry miscellaneous, a random assortment
jocund jolly, full of high spirits, jovial
blanched to make ashen or pale
profound hard to fathom or understand, having deep intellectual insight or depth
malevolence the quality or state of having or showing intense ill will, spite, or hatred
augment to become greater in size, amount, number, or degree
repose rest or sleep, quiteness, ease
prate to talk a great deal in a foolish way
palpabale touchable, tangible
surfeit the state of having too much or excess
temperate not very hot but not very cold, using self control, moderate
unruly not readily disciplined or managed
entreat to plead with esp. to persuade, ask earnestly
undivulged to be kept a secret, untold, unknown
consort partner, associate, spouse
brandish wave in the air, shake
chalice cup, goblet, grail
corporal bodily, of the body
chastise punish, discipline
impedes prevents, hinders
peerless unequalled, matchless
plight condition, predicament
rapt engrossed, absorbed in thought
recompense repayment, requite, compensate
surmise assume, guess
What is the atmosphere of the witches in the first scene? Dark, scary, and omnious.
What are the witches plans? To mess with Macbeth.
What is the nature of the war when Scotland is involved? Frieghtning to the people lead by the thane of Cawdor.
What reward is given to Macbeth for his role in the war? Thane of Quarter.
What predictions are made for Macbeth? That he will be Thane of Glam, Thane of Quarter, and King.
What predictions are made for Banquo? Less than Macbeth and greater, not so happy yet happier.
How are Macbeth and Banquo reacting differently to the predictions? Banquo thinks the witches are crazy.
What is foil? An opposite character.
Who is the foil for Macbeth? Banquo.
How does King Duncan feel towards Macbeth and Banquo? He thinks Macbeth is a brave fighter, he respects them.
How does Macbeth feel about Duncan? He likes Duncan.
When Lady Macbeth hears of the witches predictions in the letter, what are her thoughts? That they will come true.
What is ironic about the speeches that Duncan and Banquo make as they approach Macbeth’s castle? Full gratitude and kindness. (There’s a murder plan)
In Macbeth’s first major soliloquy what reasons does he give for not wanting to kill Duncan? Thoughts of murder makes him feel that he does not know who he is anymore.
How does Lady Macbeth convince him to go on with the murder? Questioning his man-hood.
What are the Macbeth’s plans? Kill him in his sleep.
What major theme has reappeared in Act 1? Blind ambition and deception.
Does Macbeth control his own future or does someone else control his fate? The witches.
Who is the more powerful character in this Act? Lady Macbeth.
What does the device of the aside used by Macbeth convey to the audience about his character? At the begining he does not want to kill Duncan, then he’s going to go through with it.
What is blank verse? Unrhymed verse (Iambic Pantamiter)
Why does Shakespeare begin the play with the three witches? To set an eerie and wicked tone and mood for the play and to appeal to the king who was not a fan of plays (James).-the 3 witches foreshadow that there will be evil and murder throughout the story
What happened with the Thane of Cawdor? He was executed for treason
What happened with the King of Norway? Forced to pay $10,000 to bury his men
Describe the three witches. They look weird as if they are not from this planet. They are frail and withered with fingers upon chapped lips. They have beards and thin lips, are women, but wild in the way they dress. They are creepy and talk in ‘opposites’. Their predictions prompt Macbeth’s actions
What do they prophesy for Macbeth? He will be king; He will be Thane of Cawdor; His descendants will not be kings
What do they prophesy for Banquo? He will not be king; His descendants will be king
After reading his letter, how does Lady Macbeth describe Macbeth? Ambitious but not ruthless
What does she ask the ‘spirits’ and ‘ministers of murder’ to do to her? What does she claim she is willing to do to help Macbeth become king? Maker her like a man; murder her own child
Why and how does Lady Macbeth criticize Macbeth, when they first discuss the plot face-to-face? She tells him that he is a coward and is not a real man because he doesn’t want to follow through with the plan; She questions if he was drunk or asleep when he said that he would carry out the plan and kill Duncan, because now he is hesitant and she does not think he truly has what it takes to carry out the necessary means to be king- like a man would; Also she says if he doesn’t kill Duncan he doesn’t love her
Opposites that appear in Act I. -The witches say they will meet again when the battle is lost and won-Macbeth describes the day of the battle as being both fair and foul; fair is foul and foul is fair-not so happy, yet much happier -The witches tell Banquo he will be lesser than Macbeth, but greater-The witches have beards but they are women (un-lady like assets)
After their conversation at the start of Act II, Macbeth believes Banquo _____? will not help Macbeth kill Duncan
What vision does he see on his way to kill Duncan? a dagger, pointing toward Duncan’s room (bloody)
Who made the preparations for Duncan’s murder? Lady Macbeth
Why didn’t Lady Macbeth kill Duncan? Duncan reminder her of her father
How did Macbeth almost mess up the plan? Forgot to leave the knives by the guards
How did Lady Macbeth fix it? Smeared blood from the knives on the guards
How did Macbeth explain away what happened to the guards? He lost his temper
Who got blamed for ‘suborn(ing)’ the guards? Why did he/she/they get blamed? Duncan’s sons; they disappeared
What happens to Macbeth by the end of Act II as a result of Duncan’s murder? He is chosen to be king
After Duncan’s death, Ross and an old man talk of ‘unnatural’ scenes they have recently witnessed. Describe. -A falcon that is circling high in the sky is killed by an owl, which is unnatural because an owl is much weaker, falcons are much faster, and owls usually hunt mice -Duncan’s horses of the finest breed, who are usually calm, gentle, swift and beautiful, lose their minds, go crazy, and eat each other. This is unnatural because horses are herbivores -It’s dark out when it’s daytime, which is very unusual
Why do the murderers kill Banquo? Macbeth will reward them; Macbeth says Banquo lied about who wronged them
What is odd about the murder scene? What is one possible explanation? There is an extra murderer; it’s Macbeth
What is the explanation given for Macbeth’s odd behavior at the feast, and who offers it first? Lady Macbeth says he has had this problem for, like, ever
What makes Macbeth suspicious of Macduff? Macduff did not show up at the coronation or the feast
Why does Hecate berate the witches? They didn’t let her help them; They didn’t check with her first; Macbeth doesn’t care about them
How does Hecate plant to destroy Macbeth? trick him into feeling safe
Why does Macbeth return to the witches? To ask about Macduff; To ask about Banquo’s children
Name some objects thrown into the witches cauldron, and explain the theme that connects them. -poisonous toad -the finger of a baby left to die in a ditch by a prostitute -a blasphemous jew’s liver -a lizard’s leg -the scale of a dragon-eye of newt-root of hemlock-tongue of dogThey are all symbols of death, evil or darkness
What is the First Apparition and what does it say? A head with armor that tells Macbeth to beware of Macduff
What is the Second Apparition and what does it say? A bloody child that says that no man on earth born from a woman can harm Macbeth
What is the Third Apparition and what does it say? a young child crowned, with a tree in his hand, who says that Macbeth cannot be beaten until the trees in the forest surrounding his castle attack him (Macbeth won’t be vanquished until the woods March up the Dunisane Hill to come against him)
What is the final vision, and what does it mean? it is banquo, showing a line of kings (including James the patron) as his descendants
How does Malcolm initially describe himself to Macduff, and why does he do this? as worse a man than Macbeth; to test Macduff’s loyalty to Scotland
What is Ross’s news, as it applies to Macduff? Macduff’s family was murdered by Macbeth
How does Malcom advise Macduff to respond? How does Macduff reply? Malcolm tells Macduff to use his grief and turn that energy into revenge, and go kill Macbeth right away. Macduff replies by saying he will go kill Macbeth, but first he needs time to grieve; he must feel like a man before he fights like a man.
What do the Doctor and the servant woman observe? What does the Doctor tell the servant woman to do? Lady Macbeth sleepwalking; protect her
Why is Macbeth still confident, even as the English army approaches? he believes the prophecies that Hecate told him
What does Malcolm tell the army to do as they near Dunsinane? cut down and carry a tree branch
What happens in the fight between Macbeth and young Siward? What question does the elder Siward ask when he finds out? Macbeth kills young Siward easily; where young Siward was wounded
What news does Macduff have for Macbeth? How goes their battle? That Macduff was “not born of woman”; Macduff kills Macbeth after a difficult battle
For whom did Shakespeare write Macbeth? How did he modify the story? He wrote it for King James. He modified the story to appeal to him by changing Banquo’s role to appear as more of a hero by having him not assist Macbeth with the murder like in the original, by giving the English king the heavenly power to heal people by touch, and by including a vision of 8 kings descended from Banquo, including James, holding a mirror reflecting that Banquo’s line will rule for eternity -Also he adds the witches to entertain at the beginning.
Shakespeare background: Shakespeare’s father was a middle class business owner (NOT wealthy), Shakespeare attended grammar school but NOT a university, and he was married, but probably unhappily.
What parts, if any, of the story are based in actual fact? Duncan, Macbeth, and James were Scottish kings; Scottish kings were crowned at scone
What was the name of Shakespeare’s theater? Describe it. What happened to it? The Globe Theater.-it was octagonal, had no roof, and 3 tiers of seating-it was burned down because they shot a canon off and it caught fire
What evidence is there that Shakespeare may not have written the plays accredited to him? very little, most of it is weak
Act 5 Scene 1 A servant to the queen, a gentlewoman is talking to the doctor about Lady Macbeth’s strange behaviour, including her sleepwalking and her thoughts, which the gentlewoman refuses to say to the doctor, their conversation is interrupted by sleepwalking Lady Macbeth talking in disjointed language about Macbeth’s murder plans, and how she is unable to wash the blood from her hands.
Act 5 Scene 2 The soldiers and four lords of Malcolm have agreed to join with the English allies, they all talk of the fear and misery Macbeth has been bringing to Scotland, Malcolm hopes to bring back peace into the community with a rightful ruler.
Act 5 Scene 3 News of the great strength of the invading army is brought upon Macbeth, he claims he is not troubled, but is still unhappy. He asks for his armour and discusses Lady Macbeth’s weakening health condition with the doctor.
Act 5 Scene 4 Malcolm demands to hide the size of his army so he asks them to cut of branches of Birnam Wood so they can hide their true strength from Macbeth. They also discuss Macbeth’s remaining honour and position as king.
Act 5 Scene 5 Macbeth starts preparing defence forces after his discovery of Lady Macbeth’s death, he soon realises the pointlessness of his life. He is then told that Birnam wood is moving towards the castle.
Act 5 Scene 6 Malcolm and his soldiers put down their branches and approach Macbeth’s castle.
Act 5 Scene 7 Macbeth is fighting in his castle and kills the young Siward (battling against Macbeth). In another part of the field Macduff is searching for Macbeth, and Malcolm is informed that Macbeth’s forced have surrendered the castle.
Act 5 Scene 8 Macduff confronts Macbeth who is very confident at battle at this point. They fight and Macbeth seems to be winning until Macduff tells Macbeth that he was ripped from his mother’s womb and therefore not woman born, this throws Macbeth’s confidence and so he is eventually killed by Macduff.
Act 5 Scene 9 Malcolm is proclaimed the new king of Scotland, he promises to restore peace and order.
Act 4 Scene 1 The witches are preparing a charm when Macbeth enters demanding to find out about his future, they tell him he must find out from the real masters who are the apparitions. The apparitions predict things that are favourable for Macbeth. However, when Macbeth asks about whether Banquo’s descendants will rule Scotland, he is shown with a vision of kings all descending from Banquo himself. Then the witches disappear, and Lennox tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England so Macbeth decides to kill his family.
Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo expresses his suspicions about Macbeth alone, and his line of descendants as king. Then Macbeth tells Banquo about the banquet in feast that night, and they also discuss Banquo’s riding plans in the afternoon. Later, Macbeth reflects on his fear of Banquo alone, after this he persuades two murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance.
Act 3 Scene 2 Lady Macbeth is alone in the room reflecting on her unhappiness when Macbeth walks into the room talking of his tortured and insecure mind. They discuss the importance of hiding their anxieties from everyone at the banquet that night. Macbeth also hints at his plans on murdering Fleance and Banquo but does not disclose any details.
Act 3 Scene 3 The two murderers from Act 3 Scene 1 are accompanied by a third, they all ambush Banquo and Fleance who are on their way to Macbeth’s castle for the banquet. However, the murderers only succeed in killing Banquo, Fleance has escaped.
Act 3 Scene 4 Macbeth holds a banquet for the Scottish nobles. During the banquet, one of the murderers appears at the door to inform Macbeth that Banquo has been killed but Fleance escaped. When Macbeth rejoins his guests, he imagines Banquo’s ghost who goes and sits on his seat, sending Macbeth into mad panic. Lady Macbeth fails to calm her husband but he recovers when the ghosts vanish. When the ghost returns, Macbeth’s mad rage causes Lady Macbeth to dismiss all their guests. Once alone, Macbeth informs his wife of his determination to visit to witches.
Act 2 Scene 1 Outside the castle courtyard, Banquo comments on the extraordinariness of the darkness of night, and tries to pray. Macbeth enters and talks to Banquo uneasily. After Banquo and his son Fleance leave, and Macbeth has a hallucination of a dagger, which sets him off to commit the murder of King Duncan.
Act 2 Scene 2 Lady Macbeth nervously waits for Macbeth to return from committing the murder of King Duncan. When he arrives, he looks very disturbed by his crime. Lady Macbeth is horrified that he has brought the bloody daggers with him, when he refuses to put them back in Duncan’s chamber, she goes instead. While she is gone, Macbeth reflects on the murder and his own guilt, the scene ends in tension with insistent knocking at the castle gate.
Act 2 Scene 3 The knocking from previous scene continues, and the porter who is very drunk opens the castle gate. He humurously imagines that he is the Porter of hell and is letting in all kinds of sinners, this joking continues and Lennox and Macduff enter. Macbeth greets them and shows them to Duncan’s chamber. Lennox and Macbeth are discussing how rough the night has been, when Macduff comes in horrified to tell them that the king has been murdered. Macbeth reveals that he has killed Duncan’s two guards who he believes are responsible. Fearing for their lives, the King’s two sons Donalbain and Malcolm decide to flee the country
Act 2 Scene 4 Ross and an old man are discussing the unnatural events that have occurred during the night, they are joined by Macduff who brings them the news that Macbeth is to be the new King of Scotland.
Act 1 Scene 2 A wounded sergeant reports the information from the battle to King Duncan. He tells him that the battle looked doubtful for the King’s army until Macbeth and Banquo overcame the enemy. The Thane of Ross brings further news: Norway had taken advantage of the situation and was assisted by the Scottish Thane of Cawdor, invaded Scotland: this invading army was defeated by Macbeth. King Duncan orders the execution of the current Thane of Cawdor and awards this title to Macbeth.
Act 1 Scene 3 The Witches talk as they wait for Macbeth. They greet Macbeth as the Thane of Cawdor and predict that he will become King of Scotland. They also predict that Banquo’s descendants will be kings. When Macbeth seeks further information, the Witches disappear. Angus and Ross arrive with the news that Macbeth is the new Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth is troubled by the Witches’ predictions and agrees with Banquo to discuss it further at some future time.
Act 1 Scene 4 King Duncan is told about the current Thane of Cawdor’s execution. Macbeth enters and Duncan praises him highly promising him future rewards. Duncan proclaims his eldest son Malcolm as next in line for the throne and announces his intention to stay that night at Macbeth’s castle. As Macbeth leaves to make preparations for the king, he reflects on how Malcolm (Prince of Cumberland) is another obstacle preventing him from obtaining the crown.
Act 1 Scene 5 Lady Macbeth reads a letter from Macbeth, which informs her of his meeting with the witches and of his new title as Thane. Lady Macbeth reflects that Macbeth has the ambition to become king but lacks the ruthless nature to make it happen. A messenger brings news of Duncan’s visit, which makes her excited. Lady Macbeth calls the spirits to suppress her feminine instincts. When Macbeth enters, they begin to plot Duncan’s murder.
Act 1 Scene 6 King Duncan and his men arrive at Macbeth’s castle, commenting on the pleasant surroundings. Lady Macbeth courteously welcomes them and takes them inside.
Act 1 Scene 7 Macbeth leaves the banquet to wrestle with his conscience. When Lady Macbeth enters, he tells her that they should not kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth criticises Macbeth’s lack of courage and quickly persuades him with a plan to murder the King while he sleeps.
Who wrote this play? William Shakespeare
When and where was this performed? 1606 at Hampton Court Palace
For which monarch was Macbeth written for? King James I
What is the general setting of this play? 11th century Scotland
King Macbeth was a real ruler. How long did his reign last? 17 years from 1040
King James could trace his ancestry to which play character? Banquo
What history book was Shakespeare’s source of information? Raphael Holinshed’s Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland
Why did Shakespeare add the presence of witches? Superstitions were common in his day
What is Macbeth’s tragic flaw? excessive ambition
Who is Macbeth’s foil? Banquo
How do the witches’ lines differ from everyone else’s? they’re not in blank verse, but rhymed couplets to emphasize a sense of spell-casting and the supernatural
Who is Graymalkin? the witches’ cat
What is a Paddock? a toad
How is the weather when the play begins? stormy
Who is the elderly king of Scotland when the play begins? Duncan
What is a thane? an honored title, like a lord, in Scotland
Who are Duncan’s sons? (Name oldest first) Malcolm and Donalbain
Who saved Malcolm’s life in battle? the Captain
Who is the mercenary for Norway that Macbeth kills in battle by “unseam[ing] [him] from the nave to the chops”? Macdonwald
Who is initially Scotland’s greatest soldier? Macbeth
How does Macbeth give new ferocity to the Scottish troops in battle? He displays Macdonwald’s head on the battlements
What three positive adjectives are attributed to Macbeth? brave, valiant, worthy
Of what relation are Macbeth and Duncan? first cousins
Where is the soldiers’ camp located in 1.2? Forres in Northern Scotland
Scotland was at war with which country? Norway
Who was the king of Norway? Sweno
A spy was found in Scotland. He was sentenced to death and his title was given to Macbeth. Who is he? Thane of Cawdor
Who is Bellona? the goddess of war
An anachronism was present in 1.2 when Sweno is forced to pay ten thousand what? dollars
Where do the witches meet Macbeth and Banquo for the first time? a heath near Forres
Why did the first witch curse a woman’s sailor husband to be caught in a storm for eighty-one weeks? the woman would not share her chestnuts
What is Macbeth’s first title? Thane of Glamis
What is the witches’ first prophecy to Macbeth? He will be Thane of Cawdor and King
Who is Sinel? Macbeth’s father
What is the witches’ first prophecy to Banquo? His children will be kings
What is the original Thane of Cawdor’s official crime? treason
What is an aside? When there is a speech directed to the audience; other characters can’t hear this person.
Who does not trust the witches’ prophecies? Banquo
What item is Macbeth’s new honor compared to? ill-fitting clothing
Where is Duncan’s palace located? Forres, in Northern Scotland
The Thane of Cawdor’s death is not seen, but is spoken of. Who tells the tale? Malcolm
Describe the Thane of Cawdor’s execution He died with honor and was contrite, believing he deserves what’s coming to him
Duncan laments that the Thane of Cawdor was his trusted friend and horribly betrayed him. How is this ironic? This will occur again with Macbeth in the title
What title is Malcolm given in 1.4? Prince of Cumberland
From a military view, how are Macbeth and Malcolm different? Macbeth is a proven soldier; Malcolm is not
What is Macbeth’s castle called? Inverness
Nearly half a century after the actual events of the play, William the Conqueror will bring what idea to royal life? The eldest son will inherit the throne, unlike Duncan’s choosing an heir.
In 1.4, Macbeth realizes after a certain announcement that he may need to kill two people. Who are they? Duncan and Malcolm
How does Lady Macbeth hear of the witches’ prophecy? A letter from Macbeth
Do Macbeth and Lady Macbeth truly love one another? yes
What does Lady Macbeth believe will hold Macbeth back from killing Duncan? His good nature and morals
Who utilizes dark word choices such as “raven”, “fatal”, “cruelty”, “night”, and “hell” to strengthen his/her resolve in murder? Lady Macbeth
Lady Macbeth talks a great deal of murdering Duncan, but what does he never mention outright in the planning? the word “murder”
What do critics believe about Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s previous plans? They have spoken of killing Duncan before
Lady Macbeth acts as the perfect hostess and graciously welcomes Duncan and his friends, leading them throughout the house. What literary device is present here? dramatic irony
In 1.7, Macbeth presents a monologue in which two conflicting forces are at play. What are they? To kill Duncan or Not to kill Duncan
List the reasons that Macbeth gives in 1.7 for not going through with the plan to kill Duncan 1. If Macbeth kills the king, someone could kill him as well2. He and Duncan are cousins3. The ideas of hospitality, one does not kill one’s guest4. If a good king is murdered, nature itself might be thrown into chaos5. He has no strong murderous feelings, just ambition6. He feels the need to continue to enjoy his new title just given to him
What perfect opportunity do Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have to kill Duncan? Duncan will stay at their home for one night to honor and celebrate Macbeth
What does Lady Macbeth call Macbeth after he refuses to kill Duncan? a coward and a cat in the adage
What happened to the real Lady Macbeth’s child in a previous marriage? Her child died
What extreme example does Lady Macbeth give of her loyalty to her husband? Nursing a baby and then dashing its brains out
What is the original plan to kill Duncan? Lady Macbeth will drug wine that she serves to Duncan’s guards, then Macbeth will kill Duncan. Macbeth will then frame the guards by putting the daggers with them and smearing blood on them.
How do Macbeth and Lady Macbeth intend to act after Duncan’s murder is discovered? They’ll wail and make an uproar
Who is Banquo’s young son? Fleance
What gift does Duncan send to Lady Macbeth for her hospitality? a diamond
What is the name origin of the Weird Sisters? The Anglo-Saxon god of Fate and Destiny
Macbeth promises Banquo rewards if he remains his ally. What is Banquo’s response? Only if he retains his loyalties to Duncan
In 2.1, what does the ringing of a bell mean? What does it really mean? Lady Macbeth requests her drink; the coast is clear for Macbeth to kill Duncan
What is Macbeth’s first hallucination before the murder? a floating, bloody dagger with the handle towards him and the blade towards Duncan’s chambers
Who is Hecate? The goddess of the moon witchcraft
What reason is implied for Lady Macbeth not killing Duncan? Duncan looks like her father
What mistake did Macbeth make upon returning to Lady Macbeth after Duncan’s murder? He brought the daggers with him instead of planting them on the guards
What did someone cry out the night of Duncan’s murder, likely from a nightmare? “Murder!”
Macbeth felt so guilty in Duncan’s murder that he could not say a certain word; what was it? “Amen”
Lady Macbeth tells her husband that he shouldn’t let Duncan’s murder upset them too much, or both of them will go insane. What device is present here? irony
What is Macbeth’s second hallucination after Duncan’s murder? “Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep”
What is Macbeth’s manner after Duncan’s murder? hysterical
What does Lady Macbeth do for Macbeth after Duncan’s murder? plant the daggers on the guards and smear blood on their faces
Who is the source of the loud knocking in Act 2? Macduff
Who becomes a source of comic relief in 2.3? Porter
In his drunken stupor, who does the porter believe he is? The gatekeeper of hell
Why was Macduff at Inverness the night of Duncan’s murder? Duncan invited him to speak with him in the morning.
What does Lennox tell Macbeth about while Macduff is about to discover something horrible at Inverness? (Hint: This proves Macbeth’s fourth reason for not killing Duncan) Nature is in turmoil with storms, screaming, owls, and thunder
What metaphor is made by Macduff in 2.3 regarding Duncan’s murder? God’s embodiment on Earth was killed
Who was with Macbeth he kills Duncan’s guards? Lennox
What signal wakes everyone up to discover Duncan’s murder? a bell
What is Macbeth’s first death wish? That he had died before Duncan was dead
Why did Macbeth murder Duncan’s guards? They were beginning to wake up, and the last thing they would remember is Lady Macbeth giving them a drink. Interrogations would lead the guilt back to his wife.
What reason does Macbeth give for murdering Duncan’s guards? out of love for Duncan and madness
Lady Macbeth faints after the two guards’ murders is discussed. What two different reasons could this be for? Shock of two more murders, or drawing attention to herself and away from Macbeth
After it is implied by others that the guards could have been bribed and that the heirs could be next, what do Malcolm and Donalbain do? They flee immediately
Where does Malcolm go after his father’s murder? England
Where does Donalbain go after his father’s murder? Ireland
The Old Man and Ross talk of unnatural occurrences in 2.4 after the king’s death. What are they? storms, darkness, an owl kills a hawk, Duncan’s horses go wild and begin to eat one another until they drop dead
Who are the supposed culprits of Duncan’s murder, as discussed by Macduff and Ross? Malcolm and Donalbain
After discussion, who becomes the late Duncan’s successor as king? Macbeth
Where is Macbeth crowned as King of Scotland, as tradition? Scone
Where is the late King of Scotland, Duncan, buried, as tradition? Colmekill
Macduff refuses to go to Macbeth’s coronation and decides to go to his castle instead. What is the name of it? Fife
Why does Macduff refuse to go to Macbeth’s coronation? Macduff was loyal to Duncan, and with Malcolm’s naming as heir, the loyalty went to the heir. Because of this Macduff does not suspect Malcolm of murder. Macduff prefers Malcolm as king, not Macbeth
At the beginning of Act 3, who are the only characters who know of the witches’ prophecies? Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, and Banquo
What is Banquo pondering over at the start of Act 3? Whether or not Macbeth is Duncan’s murderer. He will keep quiet, since he wants his own children to be kings.
Who does Macbeth invite to a feast in that person’s honor? Banquo
Who would accompany Banquo to the feast in Act 3? Fleance
In Act 3, Macbeth hires two murderers. Who becomes their target? Banquo and Fleance
Why does Macbeth want Banquo dead? He is jealous; Banquo will father a line of kings, while Macbeth will not (according to the witches’ prophecies). In addition, Macbeth does not want his killing Duncan to allow someone else’s children to take the throne.
Are Macbeth and Lady Macbeth happy as king as queen? No
How does Macbeth convince the murderers to make Banquo their target? Banquo is the cause of their suffering
Even though the murderers are called by this occupation, who are they, really? peasants
What is Lady Macbeth’s only death wish? Duncan is better off dead than her
What is the first indication in 3.2 that Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s marriage is falling apart? Macbeth is alone frequently and Lady Macbeth must make an appointment to even see him
What is Macbeth’s second death wish? His mind is restless and he trusts no one; he believes Duncan is lucky that he’s free of this.
There is a significant role reversal in 3.2. Describe it. Lady Macbeth is gentle towards her husband, while he invokes the forces of darkness, is untrustworthy, and keeps secrets from her.
What occurs a mile from the palace on the night of the banquet? Banquo’s murder and Fleance’s escape
What is the mystery of the third murderer? Macbeth hired two murderers, but an extra one appears, claiming to be sent by Macbeth. The identity is otherwise unknown
What occurred during Banquo’s murder that causes Macbeth’s downfall? Fleance escaped before they could kill him
What is the reason, other than “honoring” Banquo, for Macbeth throwing the banquet in 3.4? to obtain allies
What do Macbeth’s peers figure out from his outbursts at the banquet? Macbeth is guilty of murder
How is Banquo murdered? stabbed twenty times, throat slit, thrown into a ditch
What is Macbeth’s third hallucination? the ghost of Banquo sits at the king’s place at the table
Upon hearing that Fleance escaped after Banquo was killed, Macbeth tries to be rational. How does he calm himself to keep a good face at the banquet? Fleance has not hit puberty and cannot father children, so Macbeth will go after him later
How does Lady Macbeth save the situation when Macbeth panics at the sight of Banquo’s ghost? it’s a normal occurrence since childhood that Macbeth has fits like this
What does Macbeth ask for after Banquo’s ghost disappears for the first time? a full cup of wine
In 3.4, Macbeth foresees a future full of ____ because once he has started, there’s no stopping him murder
Macbeth notices that ____ is missing from his banquet in 3.4. Macduff
What does Macbeth decide to do after his hallucination of Banquo’s ghost? to see the witches for his future
What does Macbeth reveal that he has in all of his friends’ houses? a servant spy
Which scene do scholar believe Shakespeare did not write? What is generally happening? Act 3 Scene 5; Hecate converses with the witches
In 3.5, why is Hecate angry with the witches? They did not include her in their toying with Macbeth’s fate
During Lennox and the unnamed Lord’s discussion, who is rumored to have killed Banquo? Fleance
Who is the general of the English army while Macbeth is king of Scotland? Siward
Lennox and the unnamed Lord talk about the rumor that Macduff is headed for ____. England
Where does Macbeth meet the Witches for a second time? a cave
What are the Witches doing when Macbeth goes to them in 4.1? Making spells in a cauldron
Describe the first apparition in 4.1 An armored head, representing Macduff, warns to beware Macduff.
Describe the second apparition in 4.1 A bloody child, representing Macduff, says that no one born of a woman can harm Macbeth
Describe the third apparition in 4.1 A child with a crown and a tree branch in his hand, representing Malcolm, says that Macduff will be defeated when Great Birnam Woods comes to his palace at Dunsinane Hill
Macbeth makes the Witches tell him if Banquo’s line will be of kings. What is the next apparition he sees? A line of eight kings, plus Banquo with a mirror, making the kings reflected off of him
Which is the only apparition in 4.1 that tells the whole truth? The armored head
Who tells Macbeth that Macduff has gone to England? Lennox
Macbeth cannot kill Macduff when he goes to England. What happens instead? Macbeth sends murderers to kill Macduff’s wife, family, servants, and anyone else found in the castle
What, simply, is the reason for Macbeth killing Macduff’s family? spite
Which of Lady Macduff’s cousins is with her before the castle is attacked? Ross
Did Macduff tell his wife about going to England? How does she react? No; she believes that he is a coward
How many soldiers are going to come from England to face Macbeth? 10,000
Which is the only scene set in England? Act 4 Scene 3
How does Malcolm test Macduff to see if he’s to be trusted? How does this turn out? Malcolm gives examples of his own terrible vices so that he would be unable to be king. Macduff laments that the son of a good king would be like this and that Scotland is doomed. But Malcolm reveals that he is guilty of none of the vices.
Who is the king of England while Macbeth is king of Scotland? Edward the Confessor
What wonderous trait is attribruted to Edward? healer
What is the “evil” that Edward is said to have healed? scrofula
Who tells Macduff about what happened to his family and castle? Ross
Who is the “hell-kite” that Macduff curses? Macbeth
Where did Macbeth move everyone to face the English army? Dunsinane
Who witnesses Lady Macbeth’s sleepwalking episode? the Doctor and the Gentlewoman
During her sleepwalking episodes, Lady Macbeth writes on a piece of paper. What could she possibly be doing? Rereading Macbeth’s letter about the witches’ prophecy or writing a will or confession
What is a taper? a long, skinny candle
What is Lady Macbeth doing in 5.1? Sleepwalking and hallucinating blood on her hands from the murders
What is ironic about Lady Macbeth requiring a candle at all times in 5.1? She originally called upon the forces of darkness. Now she needs light.
How does Lady Macbeth talk while sleepwalking? monosyllabic tones
What was the first “chink” in Lady Macbeth’s armor? (Say the event) Saying that Duncan looked like her father, so she could not kill him herself
What is going on in Lady Macbeth’s mind during her sleepwalking episode? She relives all of the murders that either she or her husband are guilty of. However, she was only involved in one, Duncan’s.
Whose blood does Lady Macbeth believe is on her hands during her sleepwalking? Duncan’s
The Doctor does not believe he can help cure Lady Macbeth of her sleepwalking. Who does he believe can? A priest or minister
What does the Doctor order the Gentlewoman to do after witnessing Lady Macbeth’s sleepwalking? To keep an eye on her and take away anything that Lady Macbeth could use to kill herself
Of what stage of life are the majority of the 10,000 soldiers? young
What are the majority of the Scottish thanes doing as the English forces approach Scotland? Flee and join the English forces
What is Macbeth’s third death wish? He is miserable now that everyone hates him
Who is the officer that attends on Macbeth as the English begin to attack? Seyton
Why does Macbeth become angry with the Doctor? The Doctor cannot cure Lady Macbeth of her “illness”
What does Malcolm command his forces to do, which fulfills the third apparition’s prophecy? Use the Birnam Wood branches for camouflage
What is heard in 5.5 that leads to the discovery of Lady Macbeth’s death? women’s cries
Who reveals to Macbeth that his wife, Lady Macbeth, is dead? Seyton
What is Macbeth’s fourth death wish? For the candle of his life to go out; he becomes existential about life, saying it has no meaning
Describe the difference between Macduff and Macbeth’s reactions to great tragedy. Macduff could barely speak and was overwhelmed in grief; Macbeth becomes very philosophical and says that life has no meaning anyway
What does the Messenger say he witnessed in 5.5? Birnam wood moving towards Dunsinane
What does Macbeth call for after he knows that the Birnam Wood is coming for him? To ring the alarm bell
How did Lady Macbeth die? She killed herself
Why was it so easy for Malcolm’s forces to get up to Dunsinane in Act 5? Most of Macbeth’s men have deserted him
Who does Macbeth kill in 5.7, a.k.a. the final battle? Young Siward
What is Macbeth’s driving prophecy that gives him a tremendous source of pride in the final battle in Act 5? Whose prophecy was this? no man born of woman can harm him; 2nd apparition
What is Macbeth’s glimmer of goodness when he faces Macduff in Act 5? He had killed his family already and believes that Macduff is doomed as well, so he gives him the chance to surrender
How does Macduff fulfill the prophecy of the second apparition (bloody child)? He was not born normally; he was taken from his mother by a form of cesarean section
When Macbeth sees that all three prophecies have come true in 5.8, the last scene, what does he suddenly do? refuse to fight Macduff, but then tries to fight anyway to avoid a fate of grovelling before Malcolm and his forces
What is Siward’s reaction to his young son’s death? stoic; he is content that he had died a true soldier’s death
What does Macduff have with him when he returns to Malcolm and Siward in 5.8? Macbeth’s head
The audience experiences a catharsis, or purging of emotions. What are the four parts of the Tragedy of Macbeth’s catharsis? 1. Thanes can now take the titles of earls2. Whoever has been exiled can return home3. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are dead4. An invitation to the coronation at Scone
What words are associated with Macbeth in Act 5, which greatly contrast with the ones used in Act 1? butcher, cursed, tyrant, hellhound, cruel
What is Lady Macbeth called in Act 1? Act 5? honored hostess; fiend-like queen
Who will be king after the end of the play? Malcolm
Macbeth’s mind is said to be full of _____. scorpions
What is the setting when Duncan is killed? Inverness
The death(s) of _______ is/are the only one(s) seen onstage. Banquo, Macduff’s son, Siward’s son
Duncan King of Scotland. Macbeth murders him from selfish attempt to achieve the crown. “Kindly and trusting older man”
Malcolm and Donalbain Duncan’s Sons. They flee Scotland after their fathers death. One is the Prince of Cumberland.
Macbeth Thame Of Glamis. “Macbeth is a general in the king’s army and originally the Thane of Glamis” Eventually he is murdered by Macduff. Shows not an evil, but a weakness of character.
Lady Macbeth “What Macbeth lacks in decisiveness, Lady Macbeth makes up for in bloodthirsty lust for power and wealth.” She is the stronger character of her husband.
Seyton Macbeth’s servant
Two Murderers Hired by Macbeth to kill Banquo, Fleance, Lady Macduff, and Macduff’s son.
A Porter “Provides comic relief with his account of ‘hell-portering'”
Banquo Thane of Locaber. A general in Duncan’s army. Banquo does not act to fulfill the prophecies. Appears after dying as a ghost to Macbeth. Commander of Duncan’s army with Macbeth.
Fleance Banquo’s son.
Macduff “Scottish nobleman who questions Macbeth’s tyrannical rule and refuses to recognize him as king” Follows Malcom to England, then showing his “true faithfulness to Scotland”
Lady Macduff “A kind and motherly foil for Lady Macbeth’s lack of feminine sympathies, she is killed along with her children after Macduff flees Scotland.”
Lennox “A Scottish noble who gradually questions Macbeth’s tyrannical rule.” He and Macduff come to waken Duncan in the morning to find him dead.
Ross Macbeth’s cousin. Scottish nobleman who eventually turns on Macbeth. In Scottish army with Agnus. Talks with Old Man of the strange happenings, including horses eating each other.
Angus, Menteith, and Caithness “Scottish nobles who join with Malcolm and the English forces in opposing Macbeth.”
Siward Duncan’s brother. Leads English Army against Macbeth.
Young Siward Siward’s son, slain by Macbeth in combat.
Hecate Queen of the witches
Three Witches/ The Weird Sisters “The witches foresee Macbeth’s ascent to power and his defeat, as well as the succession of Banquo’s line”
Additional Characters Three Messengers Three ServantsA LordA SoldierA Captain in Duncan’s armyAn Old ManAn English DoctorAn Scottish Doctor A Scottish GentlewomanMacduff’s son
MacDonwald and the Thane of Cawdor Two Scottish rebels who oppose Duncan.
Duncans Chamberlains Blamed for Duncans Murder.
Allusion Figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art, either directly or indirectly.
Personification Giving human qualitites to an object or thing.
Hyperbole An exaggerated statement.
Verbal Irony A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
Blank Verse Unrymed verse form.
Other Terms Iambic Pentameter (measure of rhythm in line of poetry, 10 syllables)Rhyming coupletEnjambment
Messenger Tells Lady Macduff to take her children and run away.
Doctor and Lady See Lady Macbeth sleepwalking
The Three Prophecies 1. “A floating head warns him to beware Macduff”2. Then a bloody child appears and tells him that “none of woman born / shall harm Macbeth” 3. Crowned child holding a tree tells him that he is safe until Birnam Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill
What is the setting of the opening scene? An open deserted place, lightning, thunder and rain.
What are the three witches discussing? When they will meet Macbeth
Why does Duncan believe the solider can provide them with news? He has clearly been injured in battle, he should know.
How does Macdonwald behave in battle? Refer to him as an enemy, a traitor, and a rebel.
When the Norwegians began a new attack, what did Macbeth and Banquo do? Came out victorious.
What news does the thane of Ross bring? He is the one who tells the king ” even though the thane of Cawdor was a traitor”, but the Scottish still wins.
How does Duncan respond to the news of Cawdor’s behavior? Will kill him and give his title to Macbeth.
How do the three witches greet Macbeth? All Hail Thane of Glamis, All Hail Thane of Cawdor, All Hail King here after.
What do the three witches prophesy concerning Banquo? His sons will be king but he will not be king.
What is Banquo’s reaction to the three witches? Thinks they are hulisinating, ate something.
What does Banquo mean when he says, ” What can the devil speak true?” It is possible that the devil could speak the truth, do these witches really know something.
What is Macbeth’s impression of the three witches after learning he has been named thane of Cawdor? He is confused, but he will wait and see how things play out.
What is Macbeth’s attitude toward Duncan when the scene opens? Modisty, loyal, and humble.
Duncan names his elder son as the prince of Cumberland. Why is this a problem for Macbeth? It stands in the way of the thrown.
How does lady Macbeth react to her husband’s letter? She is excited, but also afraid her husband does not have what it takes to Murder the King.
What does Lady Macbeth say will happen to Duncan when she learns that he is coming to Inverness? He is not going to leave alive.
Why does Lady Macbeth tell her husband leave all of the plans to her? She’s going to do it because he won’t be able to fake his way through it.
Who greets Duncan at Inverness? Lady Macbeth.
What does Macbeth mean when he says Duncan is ” here in double trust?” He trusts me because i am his servant, because he is also a guest in my house.
Why does Macbeth tell Lady Macbeth that they will not follow through with their plans? Duncan does not deserve this, hes been very good to Macbeth.
How does lady Macbeth taunt Macbeth into action? Questions his manhood.
What is the actual plan? Get the guards drunk, use their daggers to kill Duncan, then lay the daggers by the guards.
What do we learn from the discussion between Banquo and Fleance? Very,very, dark scene, moonlight, and eerie.
What does Banquo tell us that Duncan gave to Lady Macbeth? A large diamond.
What emotions does Macbeth display during the soliloquy that begins, “is this a dagger which i see before me”? He is very anxious, nervous, witch craft involved, he is end ready.
How does Lady Macbeth get the plot started? Lady Macbeth drugs them with alcohol, places their daggers where Macbeth can easily find them.
Why doesn’t Lady Macbeth simply kill Duncan while she is in the room? He looks like her father.
After Macbeth kills Duncan, Lady Macbeth says, ” these deeds must not be thought/ after theses ways; so it will make us mad.” What does this suggest about the rest of the play? It will take a toll on them.
What does Macbeth do wrong, and how does Lady Macbeth fix it? Macbeth came back with the daggers, but Lady Macbeth went and put them back.
What are they hurrying to do as the scene comes to an end? Put their night clothes on.
How does Macbeth feel in the last lines? Macbeth feels guilty, sorrow, wishing he could undo what he did.
Why does Macduff arrive at Inverness early in the morning? Duncan asked him to.
How does Macbeth greet Macduff? He is very polite, very gracious, acts as if nothing has happened.
What does Lennox say about the night that has just passed? Weird noises, sights, and omens.
How does Macduff react to finding Duncan murdered? Shocked and he is devastated.
What does Macbeth say in response to Malcolm’s question, “O, by whom?” Macbeth says it was the guards and that he was so angry he killed the guards.
What do Malcolm and Donalbain decide to do after learning of their father’s murder? Fleeing, Malcolm to England and Donalbain to Ireland.
What strange events to Ross and the old man discuss? A falcon that was killed by an owl, horses attacked each other and ate each other.
What do Macduff and Ross think about Malcolm and Donalbain’s escape? It is suspicious and guilty, think they paid the guards to kill Duncan.
Why will Macbeth become the king? Nobel men get together and decide on Macbeth.
Where does this scene take place? Act 3 scene 1 The king’s castle called Forres.
What is Banquo’s opinion of what has happened? Banquo thinks Macbeth has done something wrong/evil to get the throne.
What do Banquo and Macbeth discuss? Banquo and his son are going riding and they will be back for the feast.
What does Macbeth mean when he says, “To be thus is nothing;/ but to be safely thus”? Being king is nothing if i do not have that sense of security.
Why is Macbeth upset over the withes prophecy about Banquo? I have gone through all of this for Banquo’s son to be King.
How does Macbeth convince the murders to kill Banquo? Macbeth convinces them that Banquo is their enemy.
What does Lady Macbeth tell her husband? Lady Macbeth tells him he needs to enjoy the dinner, the company, and the royalty.
What does Lady Macbeth know about the plot to kill Banquo? Nothing.
What happens when the murders attack Banquo and Fleance? They kill Banquo, but Fleance gets away.
Why do they say the “best half” got away? The real threat got away.
How does the scene begin? Act 3 scene 4 Plans for the dinner party, Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are calm and in control.
How does Macbeth react when he sees the first murder in the door way? He is happy to see them there but will be upset to hear Fleance is still alive.
Who enters and takes Macbeth’s seat? Banquo’s ghost.
What is Macbeth’s initial reaction to spotting Banquo’s ghost? He asks “which one of you are doing this to me?”
How does Lady Macbeth explain Macbeth’s confusing statement’s? This is a condition he has had since he was little, ignore him and it will pass.
What does Lady Macbeth say to Macbeth? Reminds him that guests are here and he needs to pull himself together.
Why does everyone leave the party? Lady M asks them to when she cant keep Macbeth together.
What does Macbeth plan to do the next day? Go see the witches and get more info about his future.
What does Hecate tell the three witches? They weren’t suposed to tell Macbeth about the prophecies and tomorrow Macbeth will come to you and i will be there.
What does Lennox tell us about Macduff? He has gone to England to get Malcolm to help over throw Macbeth. Also tells us that Malcolm lives in descrase.
What does the Lord tell Lennox? Macbeth knows what Macduff is up to and is preparing for war.
What are the Witches doing when this Scene opens? Act 4 Scene 1 Making a potion.
What is the refrain or chorus of their song? Double, Double, toil and trouble, fire burn and cauldron bubble.
How does Macbeth greet the witches? Secret black and midnight hags.
What is the 1st apparation and what does it prophecy? The head is wearing a helmet> fear Macduff he is trouble to you.
What is the 3rd apparation and what does it prophecy? A child wearing a crown and holding a tree> Macbeth will not be defeated until Great Birnam of Wood moves to Dunsinane Hill.
What is the 2nd apparation and what does it prophecy? A bloody baby> no one born of a woman can harm you.
What is the last apparation? The 8 kings followed by Banquo’s ghost> they look like Banquo> clearly his descendants.
How does Macbeth plan to protect himself against Macduff’s threat? Kill Macduff’s family.
How does Lady Macduff react when Ross tells her that Maduff has gone to England? She says he is a traitor to his family and friends and his country.
Why does Lady Macduff tell her son that his father is dead? He is acting like a traitor and traitors are hanged.
What happens at the end of the scene? Act 4 scene 2 The son is murdered and the wife is being chased by murders and is killed.
How does Macduff feel about Scottland at the beginning of the scene? Act 4 scene 3. It is bad, crime, disease, and Macbeth.
How does Macduff characterize Macbeth? Worst of all demons in hell.
How does Malcom characterize himself initially in this scene? Act 4 Scene 3 Worse than Macbeth without quality of king.
Macduff tries to persuade Malcolm that he is fit to rule, but eventually Macduff says what? O Scottland O Scottland.
What does Malcolm say after Macduffs outburst? Testing his intentions for Scottland.
What has old Siward done? He has gathered an army of 10,000 troops ready to invade Scottland.
What do we learn about the king of England? He can heal people with touch.
How does Ross describe Scottland to Macduff? It is a grave and not the mother land.
What is Macduffs reaction to the murder of his wife and children? He is devastated and asking the same questions.
How does Malcolm respond to the news? Take grief and use to get revenge on Macbeth.
According to the waiting-gentlewoman, what has Lady M been doing? She is sleep walking, she gets dressed, writes on a piece of paper,, and goes wash her hands for 15 minutes.
When Lady M first enters the scene what is she saying and doing? Act 5 scene 1 “Out damned spot” she is cursing the spot of blood on her hand bc it wont come out.
What does the gentle-woman say about trading places with Lady M? I wouldnt trade places with her if i had to be that troubled.
What does the dr do for Ladyy M? Nothing. there is nothing he can do.
What do the Noble men propose to do? Meet at Birnam Wood with Malcolm, Macduff, and the English forces.
What is Macbeth doing in preparation for the attack? People are saying Macbeth has lost his mind and is fortefying Dunsaine so they can attack.
How does Macbeth reassure himself in the beginning of the scence? Act 5 scene 3 The prophecies told him no one born of woman could harm him.
What does Seyton tell Macbeth? 10,000 troops are approaching Dunsaine.
What does the dr tell Macbeth about Lady M’s condition? She is not really sick, her mind in troubled and its keeping her from sleeping.
When Macbeth tells the dr to cure her, how does the dr respond? Only she can cure her mind.
What does Malcolm command the soliders do with the trees in Birman Wood? Cut down branches and hide behind them so they cant see how many we are.
What does Macbeth say about the possibility of the army attempting to besiege the castle? He thinks it is funny that they think they can take the castle, if they do we have supplies.
Why do the women cry out? Lady M has died.
What is Macbeths response to Lady Ms death? I wish it would have been later, he talks about how meanling less life is.
What happens in this scene? Act 5 scene 6 The army arrives at the castle and Malcolm tells them to drop the trees and attack.
What happens between young Siward and Macbeth? Macbeth kills him.
Why is Macduff able to kill Macbeth? Macduff is not from woman born, he was premature.
How does the play end? Malcolm is going to be crowned king at Scone.
What characters are introduced in act 1 scene 1 The witches
How would you interpret the line “fair is foul and foul is fair”? Everything is going to be flipped upside down; things are not what they seem
What specific plan is mentioned in act 1 scene 1 To meet Macbeth after the battle
What three men are leading the battle against Duncan? Thane of Cawdor, macdonwald, king of Norway- sweno
Who defeated and killed macdonwald Macbeth
What is to be the thane of cawdor’s punishment for his traitorous activities? Execution
Who will receive the thane of cawdor’s title Macbeth
What revenge does the witch plan for the sailor whose wife wouldn’t share her chestnuts Kill her husband by having him waste away at sea
What does the conversation indicate about the witches power? (Act 1 scene 2) Their united powers are stronger and they can’t kill him directly – have to manipulate their powers
What predictions to the witches make for Macbeth Thane of Cawdor and king
Why does Macbeth react the way he does to the witches predictions Amazed- wants these things but confused to how they could come true- not in line for the throne, thane of Cawdor lives
What prediction do the witches make for Banquo Lesser than Macbeth but greater, not as happy but happier, beget kings although not be one
In lines 132-141 act 1 scene 3 what is the horrid image of what Macbeth speaks Killing king duncan
What further reward does Macbeth hope to receive from Duncan? Named prince of Cumberland, successor to Duncan
In lines 35-39, who is names to succeed Duncan His son Malcolm
In lines 48-53, how does Macbeth react to this announcement? He decides he has to take action against Duncan or give up
Where is duncan to spend the night? Macbeths castle – Inverness
What does the nature of the letter reveal about Macbeths relationship with his wife? They see eachother as equals – partnership- not typical of relationships of this time
In lines 13-22, act 1 scene 5, how does lady Macbeth characterize her husband He is too weak, not cruel enough to do what is necessary to be king
Why does lady Macbeth call upon the spirits to unsex her She doesn’t want to feel guilty about killing Duncan- more masculine, strong- full place her husband is unwilling to take
In lines 66-68 act 1 scene 5 what warning does she give Macbeth? To be nice and act innocent so they don’t suspect anything, but to be ready to strike
What action takes place in act 1 scene 6 Duncan arrives at Macbeths castle
How does lady Macbeth great Duncan Really nice, over the top hostess
In his soliloquy in lines 1-28 act 1 scene 7, what reasons does Macbeth give for not wanting to kill Duncan? 1. He must do it now, fears consequences 2. King and cousin 3. King trusts him 4. He is a good man and leader and people will be upset 5. Motivated solely by ambition lead to disaster
What reason against the murder does he give lady Macbeth King just honored him and he wants to enjoy his honors
In lines 36-39, what does Macbeth imply about Macbeths love for her He is a coward in doing what he wants- his love is weak
What finally causes Macbeth to commit murder Lady m tells him the plan and convinces him they will get away with it
What cursed thoughts does Banquo have Nightmares about the witches
What lie does Macbeth tell Banquo That he never thinks of the witches
What is the meaning of banquos answer to Macbeth in lines 26-28 Banquo begins to question Macbeths actions; Banquo wants to ensure he is not losing any virtue
What causes Macbeth to think he sees a dagger His ambitions
At the end of act 2 scene 1 a bell rings. What is the significance of this Ushers in the hour of duncans death- time of to kill duncan
What omen of death does lady m hear? Owl shrieking and crickets crying
Why does lady m say she didn’t commit the murder herself? He looks like her father
What words about himself does Macbeth believe he hears He won’t sleep again
How did Macbeth mismanage the murder? He brought the weapons with him as he left the room
Both Macbeth and his lady comment upon the water in cleansing their involvement how do they differ? Macbeth- even if he could wash away the blood the guilt will stay he turns the water red; lady m- one drop of of water will rid them of the deed and clear their conscience
Why has ma duff come to Macbeths castle? To wake the king
What unusual thighs happened to macduff and Lennox during the night Wind blew over the chimneys, earthquakes, strange happenings
Who discovers the murder? Macduff
Why does Macbeth kill the kings me ? He was so angry over Duncan’s death
Why might lady m pretend to faint To take attention away from Macbeth and his actions
What actions to Malcolm and donalbain take? Plan to run, donalbain to Ireland, malcolm to England
in line 5-20, Ross and the Old Man discuss the strange events occurring. How are these strange events familiar? duncan’s horses break of their stalls and kill each other. an owl killed a falcon
how does popular opinion acount for the murder? Malcolm and Donalbain are prime suspects, people think they paid the servants and then fled the country.
who has been named king? Macbeth
why does Macduff not plan to attend Macbeth’s coronation? because he thinks Macbeth killed Duncan and he doesn’t trust Macbeth.
Act 1 Scene 1 3 witches are on a heath and plan to meet Macbeth.
Act 1 Scene 2 Macbeth is named Thane of Cawdor because he had won the blody battle.
Act 1 Scene 3 3 Witches tell Macbeth that he will be Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and King hereafter. Tell Banquo he will be the father of kings. Macbeth contemplates on killing Duncan.
Act 1 Scene 4 Malcome will become king after Duncan, Macbeth now thinks the only way for him to become king is to kill Duncan
Act 1 Scene5 Lady Macbeth reads letter about Macbeth becoming king but states that he is not strong enough and much of a man to do it. Lady Macbeth wants to have no gender. Set up when they are going to kill Duncan
Act 1 Scene 6
Act 1 Scene 7
Act 2 Scene 1
Act 2 Scene 2
Act 2 Scene 3
Act 2 Scene 3
Act 2 Scene 4
Act 3 Scene 1
Act 3 Scene 2
Act 3 Scene 3
Act 3 Scene 4
Act 3 Scene 5
Act 3 Scene 6
Act 4 Scene 1
Act 4 Scene 2
Act 4 Scene 3
Act 5 Scene 1
Act 5 Scene 2
Act 5 Scene 3
Act 5 Scene 4
Act 5 Scene 5
Act 5 Scene 6
Act 5 Scene 7
Act 5 Scene 8
Act 1.1 The witches plans to meet with macbeth
Act 1.2 The King learns of battle. The Thane of Cawdor is a traitor and was captured. The King decides to give the title to Macbeth for his heroic efforts.
Act 1.3 Macbeth and Banquo encounters the weird sisters and hears the prophecy. after they disappear, they realize the prophecy is real when they hear the news from Ross and Angus.
Act 1.4 Proclaims his son is the next in line for the throne. Macbeth decides that he will be a nuisance to him too. DAMARIC IRONY in this scene: King thinks highly of Macbeth. If he only knew the dark thoughts of Macbeth…
Act 1.5 Lady Macbeth reads letter from Macbeth about the prophecy. They begin to plot the assassination of the King.
Act 1.6 King Duncan arrives at the castle. Lady Macbeth greet them and escorts them in
Act 1.7 Macbeth is having second thoughts and decides to not go with it. But Lady Macbeth pursuades him to do it anyway. That they would make it appear that Duncan’s guards are guilty of the deed
Act 2.1 Banquo is troubled with his nightmares. Macbeth proceeds with his plans. ” wicked dreams abuse the curtained sleep”
Act 2.2 Macbeth has done the deed but is disturbed by it. Now he regrets it and refuses to finish the act to leave the bloody daggers at the murder scene. Lady Macbeth does it instead.
Act 2.3 The guards are drunk. Macduff has arrived to wake the King but they find the King dead.
minion an obsequious follower or dependent
corporeal of or relating to the body
cleave to adhere, cling, or stick fast
harbinger one that indicates or foreshadows what is to come
chastise to punish, typically verbally rather than physically
beguile to pass time pleasantly
couriers messengers
palpable easily perceived
appalls fills with dismay
carousing drunken merrymaking
equivocates avoids making an explicit statement
scruples morals
suborned induced to commit an unlawful act
parricide the murdering of one’s parent(s)
malice extreme ill-will or spite
vizards masks
bides waits
purged freed from impurities
muse to consider
homage special honor expressed publicly
Caldron (cauldron) a large vessel or pot
pernicious evil; wicked
diminutive extremely small in size
appease to humor; make peace with
avaricious having an immoderate desire for wealth; greedy
interdiction something authoritatively forbidden
intergrity adherence to a strict moral code
appall fills with dismay
malice extreme ill will or spite
vizards masks
purged freed from impurities
corporeal of or pertaining to the body
cleave adhere or cling
scruples morals
homage special honor expressed publicly
bides waits
chastise to punish
couriers messengers
surfeited to overindulge
deftly skillfully
integrity steadfast adherence to strict moral code
harbinger one that indicates what is to come
beguile to pass time pleasantly
diminutive small in size
equivicates avoids making an explicit statement
minion an obsequious follower (one who follows without question)
avaricious having an immoderate desire for wealth
abhor to hate, loathe, or detest
abjure not participate in
blanched to become or make pale (white)
bounteous generously given or giving
brandish to wave or shake threateningly
chastise punish, discipline, or scold
clamorous noisy shouting or commotion
consort to keep company
dauntless showing fearlessness and determination
desolate abandoned, bare (without anyone living or being there)
Witch “When shall we meet again? In thunder, lightning, or in rain?”
All Witches “Fair is foul, and foul is fair,Hover through the fog and filthy air”
Captain “For brave Macbeth (well he deserves that name),Disdaining Fortune, with his brandished steel, Which smoked with bloody execution, Like valor’s minion, carved out his passage Till he faced the slave;Which ne’er shook hands, not bade farewell to him,Till he unseamed him from the nave to th’chops,”
Duncan “O valiant cousin, worthy gentleman!”
Duncan “What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won”
Witch “Here I have a pilot’s thumb,Wracked as homeward he did come”
Macbeth “So foul and fair a day I have not seen”
Banquo “You should be women,And yet your beards forbid me to interpret That you are so”
Witch “Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none”
Ross “The King hath happily received, Macbeth,The news of thy success, and , when he readsThy personal venture in the rebels’ fight,His wonders and his praises do contend”
Ross “And for an earnest of a greater honor,He bade me, from him, call thee Thane of Cawdor,In which addition, hail, most worthy thane,For it is thine”
Macbeth “The Thane of Cawdor lives. Why do you dress me In borrowed robes?”
Banquo “Bus ’tis strange.And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,The instruments of darkness tell us truths,Win us with honest trifles, to betray’s In deepest consequence.-“
Macbeth “This supernatural solicitingCannot be ill, cannot be good.”
Banquo “New honors come upon him, Like our strange garments, cleave not to their moldBut with the aid of use.”
Duncan “There’s no art To find the mind’s construction in the face. He was a gentleman on whom I builtAn absolute trust”
Macbeth “The service and the loyalty I oweIn doing it pays itself. Your Highness’ part Is to receive our duties, and our duties Are to your throne and state children and servants”
Duncan “We will establish our estate uponOur eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafterThe Prince of Cumberland”
Macbeth “The Prince of Cumberland! That is a step On which I must fall down or else o’erleapFor in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires;Let not light see my black and deep desires.The eye wink at the hand, yet let that beWhich the eye fears, when it is done, to see.”
Lady Macbeth “Glamis thou art, and Cawdor, and shalt beWhat thou art promised. Yet do I fear thy nature;It is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way.”
Lady Macbeth “Come, you spiritsThat tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,And fill me from the crown to the toe top-fullOf direst cruelty. Make thick my blood.”
Lady Macbeth “Come to my woman’s breasts And take my milk for gall, you murd’ring ministers”
Lady Macbeth “Your hand, your tongue. Look like th’ innocentflower,But be the serpent under ‘t.”
Duncan “This castle hath a pleasant seat. The air Nimbly and sweetly recommends itselfUnto our gentle senses”
Duncan “Conduct me to mine host. We love him highlyAnd shall continue our graces towards him.By your leave, hostess.”
Macbeth “He’s here in double trust:First, as I am his kinsman and his subject”
Macbeth “I have no spurTo prick the sides of my intent, but onlyVaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself And falls on th’ other-“
Macbeth “He hath honored me of late, and I have bought Golden opinions from all sorts of people,Which would be worn now in their newest gloss,Not cast aside so soon”
Macbeth “I dare do all that may become a man.Who dares [do] more is none.”
Lady Macbeth “We fail?But screw your courage to the sticking placeAnd we’ll not fail. When Duncan is asleep(Whereto the rather shall his day’s journeySoundly invite him), his two chamberlains Will I wish wine and wassail so convince That memory, the warder of the brain,Shall be a fume, and the receipt of reasonA limbeck only.”
Macbeth “Bring forth men-children only,For thy undaunted mettle should compose Nothing but males.”
Macbeth “False face must hide what the false heart doth know.”
Banquo “I dreamt last night of the three Weird Sisters.To you they have showed some truth.”
Macbeth “Is this a dagger which I see before me,The handle toward my hand?”
Macbeth “I go, and it is done. The bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knellThat summons thee to heaven or to hell.”
Lady Macbeth “He could not miss ’em. Had he not resembled My father as he slept, I had done’t.”
Macbeth “But wherefore could not I pronounce “Amen”?I had most need of blessing, and “Amen”Stuck in my throat.”
Macbeth “Methought I heard a voice cry “Sleep no more!Macbeth does murder sleep”
Lady Macbeth “Why did you bring these daggers from the place?They must lie there. Go, carry them and smear The sleepy grooms with blood.”
Lady Macbeth “Infirm of purpose!Give me the daggers. The sleeping and the deadAre but as pictures.”
Macbeth “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this bloodClean from my hand? No, this is my hand will rather The multitudinous seas incarnadine,Making the green one red.”
Lady Macbeth “A little water clears us of this deed.”
Macbeth “Wake Duncan with thy knocking. I would thoucouldst.”
Porter “Faith, sir, we were carousing till the second cock, and drink, sir, is a great provoker of three things.”
Lennox “The night has been unruly. Where we lay,Our chimneys were blown down and, as they say, Lamentings heard i’ th’ air, strange screams of death”
Macduff “Confusion now hath made his masterpiece. Most sacrilegious murder hath broke opeThe Lord’s anointed temple and stole thence The life o’ th’ building.”
Macduff “Awake, awake!Ring the alarum bell.- Murder and treason! Banquo and Donalbain, Malcolm, awake!”
Lennox Those of his chamber, as it seemed, had done’t.Their hands and faces were all badged with blood. So were their daggers, which unwiped we foundUpon their pillows.”
Macbeth “O, yet I do repent me of my fury,That I did kill them.”
Macbeth “Here lay Duncan, His silver skin laced with golden blood”
Lady Macbeth “Help me hence, ho!”
Malcolm “I’ll to England.”
Donalbain “To Ireland I. Our separated fortuneShall keep us both the safer. Where we are, There’s daggers in men’s smiles. The near in blood,The nearer bloody.”
Malcolm “This murderous shaft that’s shotHath not yet lighted, and our safest wayIs to avoid the aim.”
Macduff “No cousin, I’ll to Fife.”
Banquo “Thou hast it now- King, Cawdor, Glamis, allAs the Weird Women promised, and I fear Thou played’st most foully for’t.”
Macbeth “Fail not our feast.”
Macbeth “To be thus is nothing,But to be safely thus. Our fears in BanquoStick deep, and in his royalty of natureReigns that which would be feared.”
Macbeth “Then, prophet-like,They hailed him father to a line of kings.Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown”
Macbeth “No son of mine succeeding. If’t be so, For Banquo’s issue have I filed my mind;For them the gracious Duncan have I murdered”
Second Murderer “I am one, my liege, Whom the vile blows and buffets of the worldHath so incensed that I am reckless what I do to spite the world.”
Macbeth “And with him(To leave no rubs nor botches in the work)Fleance, his son, that keeps him company”
Lady Macbeth “Naught’s had, all’s spent,Where our desire is got without content,’Tis safer to be that which we destroy Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy.”
Lady Macbeth “What’s done is done.”
Macbeth “Better be with the dead,Whom we, to gain our peace, have sent to peace”
Macbeth “O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!Thou know’st that Banquo and his Fleance lives.”
Macbeth “Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck,Till thou applaud the deed.”
Banquo “O treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly!”
Muderer “Most royal sir, Fleance is ‘scaped.”
Murderer “Ay, my good lord. Safe in a ditch he bides,With twenty trenched gashes on his head”
Macbeth “Thanks for that.There the grown serpent lies. The worm that’s fledHath nature that in time will venom breed,No teeth for th’ present.”
Lady Macbeth “Sit, worthy friends. My lord is often thus And hath been from his youth.”
Macbeth “The [time] has been That, when the brains were out, the man would die And there an end. But now they rise againWith twenty mortal murders on their crowns And push us from our stools. This is more strangeThan such a murder is.”
Macbeth “Avaunt, and quit my sight! Let the earth hide thee. Thy bones are marrowless; they blood is cold”
Macbeth “How say’st thou that Macduff denies his person At our great bidding?”
Macbeth “There’s not a one of them but in his house I keep a servant fee’d.”
Macbeth “All causes shall give way. I am in bloodStepped in so far that, should I wade no more,Returning were as tedious as go o’er.”
Lennox “Things have been strangely borne. The graciousDuncanWas pitied of Macbeth; marry, he was dead.And the right valiant Banquo walked too late,Whom you may say, if ‘t please you, Fleance killed For Fleance fled.”
All Witches “Double, double toil and trouble;Fire burn, and cauldron bubble.”
Witch “Cool it with a baboon’s blood.Then the charm is firm and good.”
Witch “By the pricking of my thumbs, Something wicked this way come.Open, locks,Whoever knocks.”
First Apparition “Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff!Beware the Thane of Fife! Dismiss me. Enough.”
Second Apparition “Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scornThe power of man, for none of woman bornShall harm Macbeth.”
Third Apparition “Macbeth shall never vanquished be until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane HillShall come against him.”
Macbeth “Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo. Down! Thy crown does sear mine eyeballs.”
Macbeth “What, will the line stretch out to th’ crack of doom?Another yet? A seventh? I’ll see no more.And yet the eighth appears who bears a glassWhich shows me many more”
Macbeth “The castle of Macduff I will surprise,Seize upon Fife, give to th’ edge o’ th’ swordHis wife, his babes, and all unfortunate soulsThat trace him in his line.”
Lady Macduff “His flight was madness. When our actions do not,Our fears do make us traitors.”
Lady Macduff “Wisdom? To leave his wife, to leave his babes,His mansion and his titles in a placeFrom whence himself does fly? He loves us not”
Macduff’s Son “If he were dead, you’d week for him. If you would not, it were a good sign that I should quickly have a new father.”
Macduff’s Son “He has killed me, mother.”
Malcolm “I think our country sinks beneath the yoke.It weeps, it bleeds, and each new day a gashIs added to her wounds.”
Malcolm “It is myself I mean, in whom I knowAll the particulars of vice so grafted That, when they shall be opened, black MacbethWill seem as pure as snow”
Malcolm “With this there growsIn my most ill-composed affection such A stanchless avarice that, were I king,I should cut off the nobles for their lands,Desire his jewels, and his other’s house”
Malcolm “I am yet Unknown to woman, never was forsworn,Scarcely have coveted what was mine own”
Ross “Your castle is surprised, your wife and babesSavagely slaughtered.”
Ross “Wife, children, servants, all that could be found.”
Macduff “He has no children. All my pretty ones?Did you say ‘all’? O hell-kite! All?What, all my pretty chickens and their damAt one fell swoop?”
Malcolm “The night is long that never finds the day.”
Gentlewoman “Since his Majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise from her bed, throw her nightgownupon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper,fold it, write upon ‘t, read it, afterwards seal it, andagain return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.”
Gentlewoman “Why, it stood by her. She has light by her continually. ‘Tis her command.”
Lady Macbeth “Out, damned spot, out, I say!”
Lady Macbeth “The Thane of Fife had a wife. Where is she now? What, will these hands ne’er be clean?”
Lady Macbeth “Here’s the smell of the blood still. Allthe perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this littlehand.”
Lady Macbeth “What’s done cannot be undone.”
Doctor “Foul whisp’rings are abroad. Unnatural deedsDo breed unnatural troubles. Infected minds To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets. More needs she the divine than the physician. God, God forgive us all. Look after her.Remove from her the means of all annoyance And still keep eyes upon her.”
Macbeth “I have lived long enough. My way of lifeIs fall’n into the sere, the yellow leaf,And that which should accompany old age,As honor, love, obedience, troops of friends,I must not look to have”
Malcolm “Let every soldier hew him down a boughAnd bear’t before him.”
Seyton “It is the cry of women, my good lord.”
Seyton “The Queen, my lord, is dead.”
Macbeth “Out, out, brief candle!Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stageAnd then is heard no more. It is a taleTold by an idiot, full of sound and fury,Signifying nothing.”
Macbeth “Of all men else I have avoided thee.But get thee back. My soul is too much chargedWith blood of thine already.”
Macbeth “I bear a charmed life, which must not yieldTo one of woman born.”
Macduff “Despair thy charm,And let the angel whom thou still hast servedTell thee Macduff was from his mother’s wombUntimely ripped.”
Ross “Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier’s debt.He only lived but till he was a man”
Siward “Why then, God’ soldier be he!Had I as many sons as I have hairs,I would not wish them to a fairer death”
Siward “They say he parted well and paid his score,And so, God be with him.”
Macduff “Hail, King! for so thou art. Behold where stands Th’ usurper’s cursed head. The time is free.”
Malcolm “So thanks to all at once and to each one,Whom we invite to see us crowned at Scone.”
Scotland where does Macbeth take place?
battle with the Irish invaders what historical event is taking place at the beginning of this play
11th century when is this time period set?
1057 what year did the REAL King Macbeth die?
witches wyrd sisters
witches who made the prophesy that Macbeth will become Thane of Cawdor (successor to the crown) and King of Scotland and that Banquo’s ancestors will be Kings of Scotland
Hecate the goddess of witchcraft
Hecate who helps the three witches work their mischief on Macbeth
macbeth Scottish general and thane of glamis
Macbeth becomes thane of cawdor by defeating the Irish and eventually becomes King by murdering King Duncan
Banquo scottish general who is given a prophecy by the witches that his children will be kings of Scotland
Macbeth who killed Duncan and Banquo and Macduff’s family?
Banquo whose ghost haunts Macbeth
Fleance banquo’s son
Fleance survives Macbeth’s attempt to murder him. his whereabouts then become unknown.
Fleance he comes to rule Scotland, fulfilling the witches prophecy that Banquo’s sons will sit ont eh Scottish throne
Lady Macbeth macbeth’s wife
Lady Macbeth talks Macbeth into killing King Duncan so he can inherit the throne
Lady Macbeth gets a guilty conscience and eventually kills herself
King Duncan king of scotland who makes macbeth thane of cawdor and is then murdered by him
Malcolm king Duncan’s son who flees to keep from being murdered
Malcolm eventually he takes the throne back with the help of Macduff and England
Donalbain Duncan’s son and Malcolms younger brother
Macduff scottish royal, thane of fife
Macduff suspects Macbeth of killing Duncan and eventually kills Macbeth
Macduff whose wife and young son are murdered by macbeth
lady Macduff Macduff’s wife
Lady Macduff the scene in her castle provides our only glimpse of a domestic realm other than that of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. She and her home serve as contrasts to Lady macbeth and the hellish world of Inverness
Inverness Macbeths home
Lennox a scottish nobleman
Ross a scottish nobleman
the murderers group of ruffians conscripted by macbeth to murder banqu, Fleance (whom they fail to kill) and Macduff’s wife and children
porter drunken doorman of Macbeth’s castle
3 wyrd sisters who opens the play
norway whom are Macbeth and Banquo fighting in the beginning of the play
Thane of Cowdar who turned traitor?
3 wyrd sisters who gave the prophesies?
Thane of Glamous and Cowdar and King what titles do the wyrd sisters give Macbeth
father of many kings what title do the wyrd sisters give Banquo
Inverness what is the name of Macbeth’s house
King Duncan who is Macbeth’s cousin
King Duncan who comes to visit Inverness in Act 1?
lady macbeth who conveniences Macbeth to kill his cousin (king duncan)
ringing of the bell what signal does Lady Macbeth give to macbeth to let him know Duncan is asleep
wipes it on the guards and plants it on them what does lady Macbeth do with the knife that killed Duncan
Macduff and lenox who comes to get King Duncan
gate keeper of hell when Macduff and Lennox arrive to Inverness the porter pretends to be who?
Macduff who finds Duncan dead?
England where does Malcom (eldest son of Duncan) flee to?
Ireland where does Donelbaine (younger son of Duncan) flee to?
Macbeth who sees a bloody knife leading him to Duncan right before he kills him
Banquo gets suspicious of Macbeth now that he is king
tells Macbeth he is taking his son on a ride what mistake does Banquo make in events leading to his death?
Banquo and Fleance who does macbeth order the murderers to kill
Banquo whose ghost appears sitting in macbeth’s chair
lady Macbeth who orders everyone to leave the party
Macduff who does not attend Macbeths feast
macbeth who confronts the wyrd sisters
3 apperitians what do the wyrd sisters show macbeth
armed head warning him of Macduff what is the first apperitian
bloody child, he cant be killed by someone born of women what is the second apperitian
child with crown with a tree limb in its hand, cant be defeated till Burnam wood moves to Duncinaim what is the third apperitian
Duncinaim where is the kingdom at?
Macduff’s whos family does Macbeth decide to kill?
Ross Macduff’s cousin who tries to convince Macduffs wife that him leaving was for their safty
Malcolm macduff flees to England to find who
rapist, covets, very bad what does Malcolm say about himself to Macduff to test him
Edward King of England revered as a saint
Lady Macbeth who has gone crazy and cannot sleep
spiritual help what does the Doctor tell Macbeth his wife needs
cut down the limbs to cover up and hide the numbers what order does malcolm give to his army
Macbeth who kills Young Siward
Lady macbeth who kills themself
Macduff who confronts macbeth and kills him
he was ripped from his mothers womb what was so special about macduff
Macbeth’s head what does macduff bring Malcolm
earls what does Malcolm declare everyone?
Malcolm last to speak (highest ranking person)
Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland where does Shakespheare get his information about Macbeth
Raphael Holinshed who wrote the Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland?

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