Acts 3-4-5: Romeo and Juliet Quote Study

“Boy, this shall not excuse the injuries thou hast done me, therefore turn and draw!””I do protest, I never injured thee; till thou knowest the reason for my love…thus, good Capulet whose name I tender as dearly as mine own, be satisfied”Act III, i who? Tybaltto whom? Romeo irony(ies): dramatic because we know why Romeo is saying this, but Tybalt, Mercutio and the others don’t.character foils: Tybalt and Romeo are foils in this scene – one wants peace, the other wants war.themes: contrast – love and hate
“Ay, a scratch, a scratch. But ’tis enough, twill serve. Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man.”Act III, i who? Mercutio to whom? Romeo, Benvolio and others about how hurt he is. irony: He’s using verbal irony (it’s serious, it’s not just a scratch) and a pun here (grave man = grave for serious and grave for where you’re buried).
“Why the devil did you come between us? I was hurt under your arm”Romeo: “I thought all for the best.”Act III, i who? Mercutio to whom? Romeo; he asks Romeo why he got in between him and Tybalt because it was by doing so (hoping to stop the fight) that Tybalt was able to stab Mercutio and kill him. irony(ies): Situational irony – R’s intention to do good (stop the fight) backfired.
“A plague o’ both your houses! I am sped.”Act III, i who? Mercutio to whom? Romeo and others just before dying. He curses both houses, not just the Capulets because it is due to the families’ hatred that he is now dying. The curse eventually comes through.irony = dramatic/foreshadowing.
And for that offenceImmediately we do exile him hence.I have an interest in your hearts’ proceeding.My blood for your rude brawls doth lie a-bleeding.But I’ll amerce you with so strong a fineThat you shall all repent the loss of mine.I will be deaf to pleading and excuses.Nor tears nor prayers shall purchase out abuses,Therefore use none. Let Romeo hence in haste,Else, when he’s found, that hour is his last. who? Princeto whom? to the Capulets and Montagues and other citizens in the square.what? Romeo is banished from Verona to Mantua for killing Tybalt. It is a less severe punishment because he was avenging Mercutio’s death (remember, Mercutio is the Prince’s cousin -“my blood for your rude brawl…loss of mine”).Tragedy plotline: This is the moment of “reversal” – Romeo killed Tybalt and now Romeo can’t go back to the way things were because he’s been banished forever. There’s no way to stay in Verona and be with Juliet.
“O, I am Fortune’s fool!”Act III, i Romeo outloud after realizing that he killed Tybalt. No good can come of this action; he has only bad luck. (Climax)
“O, tell me Friar, tell me, in which vile part of this anatomy doth my name lodge? Tell me, that I may sack the hateful mansion!” (draws his dagger) who? Romeo to whom? Friar Lawrence – Romeo’s suicide attempt. Nurse tells Romeo that Juliet keeps weeping over Tybalt and over Romeo and Romeo realises that it is because of his name that is the cause of all of this. He wants to know where in his body does his name lie, so he can carve it out.figurative language:metaphor: Romeo’s body = a hateful mansion
Hold thy desperate hand.Art thou a man? Thy form cries out thou art.Thy tears are womanish. Thy wild acts denoteThe unreasonable fury of a beast.Unseemly woman in a seeming man,And ill-beseeming beast in seeming both!Thou hast amazed me. By my holy order,I thought thy disposition better tempered…Thy Juliet is alive,For whose dear sake thou wast but lately dead—There art thou happy. Tybalt would kill thee,But thou slew’st Tybalt—there art thou happy.The law that threatened death becomes thy friendAnd turns it to exile—there art thou happy.A pack of blessings light upon thy back, who? Friar Lawrenceto whom? Romeowhat? Friar Lawrence is shocked and angry at Romeo for being so insensible and extreme in his reaction to the Prince’s banishment. Fr. L reminds Romeo of three reasons why he should be happy.theme: contrast = R doesn’t see the blessings he haslove = friend love – Fr. L loves Romeo and tries to talk sense to him.figurative language:personification: law threatens death, form cries, outmetaphor: wild acts= fury of a beast
Indeed, I never shall be satisfiedWith Romeo, till I behold him—dead—Is my poor heart for a kinsman vexed….Oh, how my heart abhorsTo hear him named, and cannot come to him. who? Julietto whom? Lady Capuletirony: dramatic = we know she’s already married to Romeo.inverted verbal irony = she means what she says, but the tone of voice indicates that she hates Romeo.
I pray you, tell my lord and father, madam,I will not marry yet. And when I do, I swearIt shall be Romeo, whom you know I hate,Rather than Paris. These are news indeed! who? Julietto whom? Lady Capuletirony: dramatic – we know she’s already married to Romeoreverse verbal irony: she means what she says, but her tone indicates the opposite.
“Hang thee, young baggage! Disobedient wretch! I tell thee what – get thee to church a Thursday or never after look at me in the face. Thursday is near. Lay hand on heart, advise.An you be mine, I’ll give you to my friend.An you be not, hang, beg, starve, die in the streets,For, by my soul, I’ll ne’er acknowledge thee,Nor what is mine shall never do thee good.Trust to ‘t, bethink you. I’ll not be forsworn.” who? Lord Capulet to whom? Juliet after she rejects his offer of marriage to Paris; he will disown her if she doesn’t get to church Thursday and marry Paris. irony(ies): dramatic irony – we know she is rejecting his offer, not because she is ungrateful, but because she’s already married to Romeo
I think it best you married with the county.Oh, he’s a lovely gentleman.Romeo’s a dishclout to him. An eagle, madam,Hath not so green, so quick, so fair an eyeAs Paris hath. Beshrew my very heart,I think you are happy in this second match,For it excels your first. Or if it did not,Your first is dead, or ’twere as good he were,As living here and you no use of him. who? Nurseto whom? JulietNurse is trying to comfort Juliet by pointing out that she’ll be happy in her second marriage.This is considered by Juliet as a betrayal of trust and Juliet’s relationship with Nurse has now soured. Juliet will never trust Nurse with her secrets again. This is why she doesn’t tell Nurse about the potion and plan.figurative language:metaphor: Romeo = dishrag compared to Paris similes: an eagle isn’t as fair/quick/young as Parispersonification: her marriage to Romeo is dead.
“Well thou hast comforted me marvelous much” who? Julietto whom? Nurseirony(ies): verbal – she hasn’t been comforted by Nurse’s advice to marry Paris. She will go to Fr. L’s cell to see if he has some comfort for her.
“Tell me not, Friar, that thou hear’st of this,Unless thou tell me how I may prevent it.If in thy wisdom thou canst give no help,Do thou but call my resolution wise,And with this knife I’ll help it presently.(shows him a knife)” who? Juliet to whom? Friar Laurence. This is when she shows up at Friar’s cell after Nurse has tried to comfort her by telling her to marry Paris. She’s hoping that Friar will have a solution for her because if he can’t help, she will end her life, and she shows him her knife. Suicide attempt!
“Her body sleeps in Capels’ monument,And her immortal part with angels lives.I saw her laid low in her kindred’s vaultAnd presently took post to tell it you.” who? Balthazar to whom? Romeo – he tells Romeo that he saw Juliet’s body being put in the tomb. irony(ies): dramatic irony
“There is thy gold, worse poison to men’s souls,Doing more murder in this loathsome world,Than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell….Come, cordial and not poison, go with meTo Juliet’s grave, for there must I use thee.” who? Romeoto whom? ApothecaryHe’s saying that there’s more poison in money (gold) than in the compounds of the poison. Romeo sees the poison as a friend (cordial) because it will help him to attain his goal of being with Juliet. He’s now going back to Verona to use the poison to commit suicide.
“Happy dagger! this is thy sheath; there rust and let me die.” who? Juliet to whom? no one -aloud – before the Watch comes and finds her, she plunges the dagger into her heart and ends her life.
“See, what a scourge is laid upon your hate, That heaven finds a means to kill your joys with love. And I for winking at your discords too Have lost a brace of kinsman: all are punish’d……For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo” who? Prince Escalusto whom? Lords Capulet and Montague after discovering Romeo and Juliet’s double-suicide. He blames himself too for the tragedy; he didn’t act soon enough to intervene in the feud and as a result lost Mercutio and Paris. That’s why he says, “all are punished”.themes: love – family love, fate and destiny, personal choice (Prince chose not to intervene soon enough)Death count: (Fatalities!)Montagues: lost Romeo and Lady MontagueCapulets: lost Juliet and TybaltPrince Escalus: lost Paris and Mercutio
“I’ll raise her statue in pure gold. As long as this city is called Verona, there will be no figure praised more than that of true and faithful Juliet.” who? Lord Montagueto whom? Lord CapuletLords Montague and Capulet are finally making peace.Theme: destiny (fulfilled!)
A glooming peace this morning with it brings.The sun, for sorrow, will not show his head.Go hence, to have more talk of these sad things.Some shall be pardoned, and some punishèd.For never was a story of more woeThan this of Juliet and her Romeo. who? Princeto whom? Capulets, Montagues and others.Theme: contrast – peace brought only by death and results in sadness instead of joy and happiness.figurative language: personification = Sun will not show his headoxymoron = glooming peace

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