Act 3 Hamlet

“To be or not to be-that is the question:Whether tis’ nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troublesAnd, by opposing, end them.” Hamlet, debating whether to suffer the troubles of life or to end his life and therefore end his troubles
“Thus conscience does make cowards (of us all).” Hamlet, saying that living makes us fear death
“Get thee (to) a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners?” Hamlet, telling Ophelia to give herself to a brothel
Does Hamlet realize that Polonius is listening in on his conversation with Ophelia? He asks Ophelia “where’s your father” in the middle of his sentence suggesting he finds out. Hamlet also says that “he may play the fool,” meaning Hamlet won’t be fooled.
“O, what a noble mind is here o’erthrown!” Ophelia, saying that Hamlets mind has changed
Summary of Scene 1 Claudius and Polonius listen in on Hamlet and Ophelia’s conversation. Claudius decides that Hamlets behavior is not caused by love and wants to send Hamlet on an embassy to England. Polonius convinces Claudius to take no action until Gertrude and Hamlet talk in private after the play.
“Suit the action to the word, the word to the action, with this special observance, that you o’erstep not the modesty of nature.” Hamlet, telling the players to act naturally
Who does Hamlet view as the best man he has ever met? Horatio
What exchange between characters does Horatio know about when no one else does? The Ghost and Hamlet
“The lady doth protest too much, methinks.” Gertrude, saying that the Queen in the play shows too much emotion toward the King
Before he meets with his mother, what does he remind himself about? He reminds himself not to hurt her, instead he will “speak daggers to her.”
Summary of Scene 2 Claudius stands up and leaves the play after the nephew poisons his uncle. Hamlet sees this as confirmation of what he has to do.
“O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven; It hath the primal eldest curse upon’tA brother’s murder.” Claudius, realizing that he will not be able to hide what he has done for much longer
Summary of Scene 3 Claudius orders R and G to take Hamlet to England and Polonius says he will spy on Gertrude and Hamlet’s conversation. Hamlet finds Claudius kneeling in his room, but does not kill him because he is praying and will be sent to heaven. After Hamlet leaves, it is revealed that Claudius was not able to pray.
“I must be cruel only to be kind.” Hamlet, saying that in order to do the right thing, he has to commit some sort of wrong.
How does the theme/motif of rot show up in this scene? Hamlet tells Gertrude that Claudius has a “mildewed ear.”
Summary of Scene 4 Hamlet confronts his mother in her “closet” in such a frenzy that she cries out for help. Polonius, who is hiding behind a tapestry, echoes her cry. Hamlet thrusts his rapier into the tapestry, killing Polonius who he thought to be Claudius. Hamlet then verbally attacks his mother and receives a visit from the Ghost who reminds him of his purpose, which only Hamlet sees. Hamlet reveals to his mother that he is going to counter Claudius’ plan violently.

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