16.0. Second Quarter Final Exam Review – Macbeth

What does Duncan call Macbeth when he hears Macbeth has defeated Macdonwald? He calls him “valiant Cousin! Worthy gentleman!” This is ironic, being said to the man who will be his murderer.
Who is sentenced to death? The Thane of Cawdor is sentenced to death.
What do the witches predict in Act I scene iii? They predict Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor and eventually the king and Banquo will be “lesser than Macbeth, and greater, Not so happy, and yet happier” and that his descendants will be kings although he will not be one.
What news does Ross bring Macbeth? Ross tells Macbeth that Macbeth now holds the title of the Thane of Cawdor.
Banquo, like Macbeth, is surprised that the witches have predicted Macbeth’s new title. He is, however, leery. What does he say about the motives of the “instruments of darkness”? He says they often tell of good things which may happen without telling the bad consequences.
Malcolm describes Cawdor’s last moments before execution. What is Duncan’s reply? You can’t tell what is in a person’s heart by looking at his face.
After Lady Macbeth reads the letter, what does she tell us is her opinion of Macbeth, and how does she plan to help him? In short, Lady Macbeth thinks Macbeth could be a good king, but he lacks the hardheartednesswhich would allow him to get to the position. She’ll talk him into it.
What is Lady Macbeth’s “prayer” to the spirits after she learns Duncan is coming”? She wants to be filled with cruelty, given a hard heart and the thick blood necessary to dowhat has to be done in order to make Macbeth king.
What advice does Lady Macbeth give Macbeth when he arrives home? She tells him he must learn to look innocent even when his heart is full of evil. He has to learn to hide his true feelings.
What are Macbeth’s arguments to himself against killing Duncan? Macbeth is Duncan’s kinsman and his subject. Duncan is a good king and virtuous man; hehas done no particular evil. Duncan is a popular king, and his death would bring sorrowand unrest upon Scotland.
What arguments does Lady Macbeth use to convince Macbeth to commit the murder? She tells him not to be a coward, not to say later that he “could have been” when he could”be” king. She tells him to be a man and go get what he wants. She says if she had madethe promise to do this, that she would have killed her own baby to carry forth with herpromise.
What is Lady Macbeth’s plan? She will drug the kings grooms (guards). Macbeth will then go into the king’s room and murder him in his sleep.
What is Macbeth’s lie to Banquo about the witches’ predictions? He says he doesn’t even think about them.
What is the signal Lady Macbeth is to give Macbeth to let him know that she has taken care of the guards (grooms)? She will ring a bell.
What excuse does Lady Macbeth give for not killing Duncan herself? He looked like her father sleeping there.
After Macbeth kills Duncan, he goes to Lady Macbeth and is concerned about not being able to say “Amen.” What is her advice to him? She tells him not to think about it so much, or it will make them crazy. (Notice that she does later, in fact, go mad and commit suicide.)
Then, Macbeth is worried about hearing a voice saying, “Macbeth does murder sleep.” What does Lady Macbeth then tell him to do? She tells him to go get some water and wash “this filthy witness” from his hands. In other words, get cleaned up and forget about it.
Why won’t Macbeth take the daggers back to the scene of the crime? He can’t bear to look at Duncan again.
Who was knocking? Macduff and Lennox were knocking at the gate.
What three things does drinking provoke? It provokes “nose-painting, sleep, and urine.”
How does Lennox describe the night, and what is Macbeth’s response? Lennox goes through a great description of the terrible night, saying it predicted terrible,confusing times ahead. Macbeth brushes it off by saying it was a “rough night.”
What did Macduff discover? Macduff discovered Duncan’s body.
Macduff says, “Oh, gentle lady, ‘Tis not for you to hear what I can speak. The repetition, in a woman’s ear, Would murder as it fell.” What is ironic about this? Lady Macbeth was a determining force in the death of Duncan. She is no “lady.”
What excuse or explanation did Macbeth give for killing the guards (grooms)? What is his real reason? He did it out of pain and rage, but he actually wanted to be rid of any possible witnesses tothe murder.
Why do Malcolm and Donalbain leave? They fear that the king’s murderer will be after them, too.
Why does Ross not believe Malcolm and Donalbain were responsible for Duncan’s murder? He says it is against nature — both their personal natures and nature as the ruling force inthe universe.
Why does Macbeth want Banquo and Fleance dead? He knows they suspect him of foul play, and he is furious that he has done all of the work(so-to-speak) of becoming king, and Banquo’s descendants will benefit from it.
What is Macbeth’s plan for killing Banquo and Fleance? Does it work? He gets two convicted murderers to wait along the road to ambush them. The murderers kill Banquo, but Fleance escapes.
Macbeth says, “The worm that’s fled Hath nature that in timthe present.” What does that mean? Fleance will be a problem in the future, since he will have children who will become kings,but for now Macbeth can let him go and deal with other things because Fleance is of noimmediate threat to him personally.
Who (what) did Macbeth see at the banquet table? He saw Banquo’s ghost.
How does Lady Macbeth cover for Macbeth at the banquet? What excuses does she give forhis wild talk? She tells the guests that he often has these fits, that those who know him well have learnedShe tells the guests that he often has these fits, that those who know him well have learnedto ignore them. When Macbeth really gets out of hand, she sends the guests home.
Who else was missing from the banquet table (besides Banquo)? Macduff is missing.
Macbeth says, “I am in blood Stepped in so far that should I wade no more, Returning were as tedious as go o’er.” What does he mean? There is no going back now. Macbeth is committed to this course of action, whatever terrible things he may yet have to do.
What does Hecate want the witches to do? She wants the witches to give Macbeth some visions which will give him falseimpressions, false hopes for his personal safety and the safety of his rule, so he will continue on his path of destruction.
What does Lennox think about Macbeth, Fleance, and Duncan’s sons? He thinks Macbeth is the “good guy,” Fleance killed Banquo, and Duncan’s sons killed the king.
Witch 2 says, “By the pricking of my thumb, Something wicked this way comes.” Who comes? Macbeth comes.
What is Macbeth’s attitude towards the witches this time? He is demanding, trying to take charge.
What four things did the witches show Macbeth? What does each show/say? What is Macbeth’s reaction? They showed him an armed head, a bloody child, a crowned child with a tree in its hand,and, finally, eight kings followed by Banquo’s ghost. Respectively, they showed/toldMacbeth to beware of Macduff, that he would not be harmed by anyone “born of woman,”that he would not be vanquished until Birnam Wood would come to Dunsinane, and thatBanquo’s descendants would be kings.
Macbeth says (about the witches), “Infected be the air whereon they ride, And damned all those that trust them!” What is Macbeth, in effect, saying about himself? He is damned.
Why does Macbeth have Macduff’s family and servants killed? Macduff is not loyal to Macbeth, and Macbeth is angry.
Why does Lady Macduff’s son say liars and swearers are fools? He implies that since there are more of them than honest people, they should get togetherand hang the honest folks. They are foolish to leave themselves in jeopardy when theycould overcome the honest people.
Malcolm says, “Angels are bright still, though the brightest fell. Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, Yet grace must still look so.” What does that mean? The devil was, of course, at one time the brightest angel. The point is that things aren’twhat they seem. One can’t judge the book by its cover, so-to-speak.
Macduff says, “Oh, Scotland, Scotland!” Why? Malcolm has just told him what a horrid king he (Malcolm) would be if he were on thethrone instead of Macbeth. Given a choice, then, between Malcolm and Macbeth, hegravely fears for his country’s future.
What news does Ross bring to Macduff? Ross brings news of Macduff’s family’s murders.
What do the doctor and gentlewoman see Lady Macbeth doing? What do they decide to do? She is sleepwalking and talking about the murders. The doctor decides his best move is tonot mention that he heard anything, and he tells the woman to keep an eye on LadyMacbeth.
What does Macbeth want the doctor to do for his wife? He wants the doctor to ease her suffering, to give her something to make her oblivious to her weighty troubles.
What trick does Malcolm use to hide the number of men in his army? He has his men cut off tree branches and use them as camouflage.
Malcolm says, “And none serve with him but constrained things Whose hearts are absent, too.” What does that mean? Macbeth’s armies are there in body only, not in spirit, and there should not be any seriousopposition.
What is Macbeth’s reaction to Lady Macbeth’s death? He takes it very calmly, saying she would have died sooner or later, anyway.
What is Macbeth’s reaction to the news that Birnam Wood is moving? “Arm, arm, and out!” He’s going to fight to the bitter end and take down the whole universe with him, if necessary.
Who first fights Macbeth? What happens? Young Siward fights Macbeth and is slain.
Macbeth says to Macduff, “But get thee back, my soul is too much charged With blood of thine already.” To what is he referring? Macbeth doesn’t want to fight Macduff; he has already killed Macduff’s family.
When does Macbeth know he’s in trouble? He knows this is his end when Macduff tells him he was taken from his mother’s womb instead of being “born of woman.”
How does Macbeth die? Macduff fights him and beheads him.
Who will be King of Scotland? Malcolm will be king.
What does the third witch say to Macbeth and Banquo that puzzles Macbeth? That he will be king hereafter
Why is the Thane of Cawdor executed? for treason
What does Lady Macbeth tell her husband when he returns home? that she will take care of the business of killing Duncan
What does Lady Macbeth accuse Macbeth of when they speak alone? She accuses him of losing his nerve and that he will not go through with their plan.
What did Duncan do before retiring for the night? He made Macbeth the commander-in-chief of his armies.
What happened as Macbeth murdered Duncan? Malcolm and Donalbain awoke momentarily.
What does Lady Macbeth do with the daggers? She puts them next to Duncan’s servants to frame them.
What happened during the night, according to Lennox? Chimneys were blown down and he heard strange screams of death.
What story does the old man tell Ross? a story of how an owl killed a falcon
What is Macbeth’s opinion of Banquo at the start of the third act? Macbeth fears that Banquo is after the crown.
Whom does Macbeth engage to murder Banquo? two murderers whom supposedly Banquo has mistreated
What happens to Fleance during the attack? He escapes the murderers.
What does Macbeth see in his chair? the ghost of Banquo
According to Hecate, what is man’s chiefest enemy? overconfidence
What does the first apparition tell Macbeth? to beware Macduff
What question does Macbeth ask the witches? He asks if Banquo’s descendants will be king.
What does Macbeth plan to do with Macduff? kill him, his wife and children, and all those related to him
To whom does Macduff turn for help? Malcolm
Whom does Malcolm say is even more ruthless and evil than Macbeth? Himself
What does Lady Macbeth do with her hands as she sleepwalks? She rubs her hands, as if washing them.
What does Angus say about the men Macbeth commands? They fight because they are soldiers, not out of love for Macbeth.
Why does Macbeth not fear Malcolm? The witches said that anyone born of a woman could not defeat Macbeth.
What information about Birnam Wood does the messenger bring? He tells Macbeth that he saw the wood begin to move.
How does Macbeth die? Macduff kills Macbeth.
Which character could be described as angry, frightened, and feels abandoned? Lady Macduff
The witches tell a prophecy in the presence of two characters in act 1. Which two characters are present? Macbeth and Banquo
Which character appears as a ghost to Macbeth? Banquo
Which character could be described as overly trusting, royalty, and a father? Duncan
When Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to go back to Duncan’s body and smear his blood all over the guards, Macbeth tells her he can’t. What characteristic best describes Macbeth in this scene? frightened
Malcolm and Donalbain are sons of _______. Duncan
Which two characters raise an army to overthrow Macbeth? Macduff and Malcolm
Which character in the play is Thane of Glamis? Macbeth
When Macbeth tells his wife about the prophecy in act 1, she encourages him to make it happen. What trait best describes Lady Macbeth at this point? Ambitious
Which character could be described as a friend, murder victim, and suspicious? Banquo
“Till he unseam’d him from the nave to th’ chops” What does this line mean? He cut a man from the navel to the jaw.
“Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from the King, who all-hail’d me ‘Thane of Cawdor,’ by which title, before, these weird sisters saluted me.” The word missives in the lines above means which of the following? Messengers
“So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” The line above is an example of which of the following? Oxymoron
“Come, sisters, cheer we up with sprites,And show the best of our delights. I’ll charm the air to give a sound, While you perform your antic round.” What is the meaning of the word sprites in the lines above? Spirits
“The repetition in a woman’s ear Would murther as it fell.” The word murther in the lines above also means “to murder.” This is an example of a pun
“Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongu’d.” The line above is an example of which of the following? simile
“Unsafe the while, that we Must lave our honors in these flattering streams And make our faces vizards to our hearts, Disguising what they are.” What does the word vizards mean in the lines above? masks
“Their hands and faces were all badg’d with blood;So were their daggers, which unwip’d we found Upon their pillows.” What does the word badg’d mean in the lines above? marked
“What a sigh is there! The heart is sorely charg’d.” What does charg’d mean in the line above? burdened
What motif of the play is depicted by the dark scenery? The darkness can hide the truth of evil deeds.
What literary device is Shakespeare well-known for using? Foreshadowing
What is the name of the famous theater where Macbeth was performed in 1611? The Globe
At the time of Shakespeare, Lady Macbeth would have been played by a man.
The stage direction “aside” means the character is sharing his or her thoughts only with the audience.
Where was Shakespeare from? Stratford-upon-Avon
The story for Macbeth comes from historical fact and creative writing.
What is one major indication that Macbeth is a tragedy? The main character dies at the end.
What was the name of Shakespeare’s wife? Anne Hathaway
How did James, a Scottish man, become King of England? He was chosen by Queen Elizabeth I.
A theater which is surrounded on all four sides by an audience is called an arena stage.
What does Macbeth teach the audience about being ambitious? Working to the top by any means will bring about a fast and horrible downfall.
What is the turning point of the play? when Macbeth goes to see the witches for the second time
A motif is a literary device which develops the main themes of the play. Which of the following is a recurring motif in Macbeth? murder
The appearance of Banquo’s ghost gives the reader what clues about Macbeth? he feels guilty
What is one possible climax of the play? when Macduff reveals that he is not born of a woman to Macbeth
What is the rising action of the play? the witches’ prophecy and the murder of King Duncan
Which word best describes the mood of the witches during the middle of the play? Mischievous
What is the purpose of the witches in Macbeth? to start the action and stir up trouble
One major conflict of the story is between Macbeth and Macduff.
What is the purpose of Lady Macbeth’s character in relation to Macbeth? She is his foil.
“Not in the legions Of horrid hell can come a devil more damn’d In the evils to top Macbeth.” Who said this? Macduff
“What’s done cannot be undone.” Who said this? Lady Macbeth
“To alter favor ever is to fear. Leave all the rest to me.” Who said this? Lady Macbeth
“Fair is foul, and foul is fair, Hover through the fog and filthy air.” Who said this? the witches
“I go, and it is done; the bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell, That summons thee to heaven or to hell.” Who said this? Macbeth
“I shall do so; but I must also feel it as a man.” Who said this? Macduff
“Father’d he is, and yet he’s fatherless.” Who said this? Lady Macduff
“Thou hast it no: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all, As the weird women promis’d, and yet I fear Thou play’dst most foully for’t.” Who said this? Banquo
“O, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!” Who said this? Macbeth
“Yet do I fear thy nature,It is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way.” Who said this? Lady Macbeth
In line 8, Banquo’s statement, “You should be women,” could best be restated as you seem to be women
The statements of Macbeth and Banquo in “MACBETH: Your children shall be kings. / BANQUO: You shall be king,” (lines 50-51) are best understood to be the reiteration of the Witches’ messages
In lines 1-12, Macbeth expresses his desire to avoid what? “MACBETH: If it were done when ’tis done, then ’twere well It were done quickly: if the assassination Could trammel up the consequence, and catch With his surcease success; that but this blow (5) Might be the be-all and the end-all here, But here, upon this bank and shoal of time, We’ld jump the life to come. But in these cases We still have judgment here; that we but teach Bloody instructions, which, being taught, return (10) To plague the inventor: this even-handed justice Commends the ingredients of our poison’d chalice To our own lips.” retribution in this life
Macbeth hesitates to kill Duncan because of all of the following EXCEPT – his belief that he will become king eventually anyway- Duncan’s worthiness as a ruler- his obligation to be loyal to the king- Duncan’s status as a guest in Macbeth’s home- the fact that he is Duncan’s relative his belief that he will become king eventually anyway
Macbeth’s tone in these lines, “Bring forth men-children only; For thy undaunted mettle should compose Nothing but males,” could be described as what? laudatory
Fleance’s response to Banquo in “I take’t, ’tis later, sir,” (line 4) is an example of what? deductive reasoning
In this line, “Being unprepared, Our will became the servant to defect; Which else should free have wrought,” Macbeth’s tone could most accurately be described as what? apologetic
“Here’s a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key. Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there, i’ the name of Beelzebub? Here’s a farmer, that hanged himself on the expectation of plenty: Come in time; have napkins enow about you; here you’ll sweat for’t. Knock, knock! Who’s there, in the other devil’s name? Faith, here’s an equivocator, that could swear in both the scales against either scale; who committed treason enough for God’s sake, yet could not equivocate to heaven: O, come in, equivocator. Knock, knock, knock! Who’s there? Faith, here’s an English tailor come hither, for stealing out of a French hose: come in, tailor; here you may roast your goose. Knock, knock; never at quiet! What are you? But this place is too cold for hell. I’ll devil-porter it no further: I had thought to have let in some of all professions that go the primrose way to the everlasting bonfire.” The Porter’s words here serve as ~I. an ironic portrayal of certain religious beliefs of the time; ~II. a farcical scene which provides comic relief; ~III. a satirical treatment of various professions of the time. a farcical scene which provides comic relief and a satirical treatment of various professions of the time.
“Porter: Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and urine. Lechery, sir, it provokes, and unprovokes; it provokes the desire, but it takes away the performance: therefore, much drink may be said to be an equivocator with lechery: it makes him, and it mars him; it sets him on, and it takes him off; it persuades him, and disheartens him; makes him stand to, and not stand to; in conclusion, equivocates him in a sleep, and, giving him the lie, leaves him.” These lines are characterized by ~I. puns; ~II. antithesis; ~III. symbolism puns and antithesis
In line 88, when Lady Macbeth says, “You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting, With most admired disorder,” the word “admir’d” most likely means what? wondered at
The words of the first Witch, “He knows thy thought: Hear his speech, but say thou nought,” are what? a rebuke
In lines 66-68, “Of Birnam rise, and our high-placed Macbeth Shall live the lease of nature, pay his breath To time and mortal custom,” Macbeth states that he will live a natural life span
“MACDUFF: Let us rather Hold fast the mortal sword, and like good men Bestride our down-fall’n birthdom: each new morn New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows Strike heaven on the face, that it resounds As if it felt with Scotland and yell’d out Like syllable of dolour.” In this passage, the antecedent for “it” is what? heaven
Macduff denounces Malcolm as an unworthy successor to the throne because of Malcolm’s ~ I. assertion that he would destroy good people for their wealth; ~ II. listing of increasingly severe vices; ~ III. assertion that he has no virtues ~ II. listing of increasingly severe vices; ~ III. assertion that he has no virtues
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between these two sentences? 1. “From over-credulous haste: but God above deal between thee and me! for even now I put myself to thy direction, and unspeak mine own detraction, here abjure the taints and blames I laid upon myself, For strangers to my nature.” 2. “I am yet Unknown to woman, never was forsworn, Scarcely have coveted what was mine own, At no time broke my faith, would not betray The devil to his fellow and delight No less in truth than life.” The first presents a declaration which is supported by specifics in the second.
As a response to the Doctor’s question in lines 2-3, the Gentlewoman’s words in lines 4-8 could best be described as an example of what? ” Doct. I have two nights watch’d with you, but can perceive no truth in your report. When was it she last walk’d? Gent. Since his Majesty went into the field, I have(5) seen her rise from her bed, throw her night-gown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon’t, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.” non sequitur
Lady Macbeth’s words in lines 32-36 contain which of the following rhetorical devices? ~ I. rhetorical question; ~ II. ellipsis; or, ~ III. apostrophe” Lady M. Out, damn’d spot! out, I say! One-two-why then ’tis time to do’t. Hell is murky. Fie, my lord, fie, a soldier and afeard? What need we fear who knows it, when none can call our pow’r to accompt? Yet who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him?” I, II, and III
The “hands” referred to by Lady Macbeth throughout the passage could best be described as an example of synecdoche
In this passage, Lady Macbeth refers to how many specific victims of murder? 3
Macbeth’s words to the Servant could best be described as vitriolic
Macbeth’s question in lines 49-54 is particularly desperate because of his what?”Doct. Well, well, well.(50) Gent. Pray God it be, sir. Doct. This disease is beyond my practice; yet I have known those which have walk’d in their sleep who have died holily in their beds. Lady M. Wash your hands, put on your night-gown, look(55) not so pale.” own mental disturbance
In line 112, the word “forc’d” could most accurately be restated as what?”Our castle’s strength(110) Will laugh a siege to scorn; here let them lie Till famine and the ague eat them up. Were they not forc’d with those that should be ours, We might have met them dareful, beard to beard, And beat them backward home.” reinforced
Macbeth’s words in lines 108-114 contain ~ I. personification; ~ II. alliteration; or, ~ III. antithesis” Macb. Hang out our banners on the outward walls, The cry is still, “They come!” Our castle’s strength(110) Will laugh a siege to scorn; here let them lie Till famine and the ague eat them up. Were they not forc’d with those that should be ours, We might have met them dareful, beard to beard, And beat them backward home.” I and II only
In Macbeth’s words in lines 128-139, he exhibits all of the following EXCEPT what?”Macb. She should have died hereafter; There would have been a time for such a word.(130) To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!(135) Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, And then is heard no more. It is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing.” sarcasm

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